TAPVC in Turkey

Treatment and Cost

21

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

10 Day in Hospital

11 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 9000

Hospitals

About the TAPVC

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) or Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by a malformation in all the four pulmonary veins that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the atrium. The malformation is such that the veins do not connect to the left atrium perfectly.

In case of TAPVC, the four pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium because of an anomalous connection. There are different TAPVC types, depending on where and how the pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium. The common TAPVC types include supracariac, cardiac, and infracardiac TAPVC.

All types of TAPVC are corrected with the help of a surgery, which is conducted during infancy itself. Additionally, all types of TAPVC almost always have an atrial septal defect (ASD), which requires a separated surgery for its closure. An ASD is a hole between the upper two chambers of the heart. As a result, some amount of oxygenated blood from the right atrium is transferred to the left atrium and out from the body.

TAPVC Symptoms

TAPVC is detected as soon as the baby is born or even before. The following are some of the main TAPVC symptoms:

  • Low oxygen saturation
  • Less blood volume in the left atrium and ventricle
  • Obstruction of the pulmonary veins
  • Congestion in the lungs
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Severe cyanosis (bluish appearance of the skin)
  • Unstable blood pressure

How is TAPVC performed?

TAPVC repair is conducted as soon as the condition is diagnosed, which may happen during pregnancy or after the birth of the baby. However, the exact time as to when the repair is conducted depends on the overall health of the baby. During TAPVC repair, the neonatal cardiac surgeons connect the pulmonary veins to the back of the left atrium to restore the normal flow of blood to the heart. Additionally, they also close off any abnormal connection between the pulmonary veins. The TAPVC repair procedure does not end there. The last step in the repair mostly includes the closure of the ASD. Prior to the surgery, the body of the child is connected to an artificial heart-lung machine.  The machine is disconnected as soon as the normal beating of the heart is restored after making doing all the corrective repairs.

Recovery from TAPVC

TAPVC repair success rate is excellent with over 95 percent success rate in children who are treated electively. A child or an adult may undergo TAPVR surgery successfully, however, that does not mean that it is fully cured. They will have to attend follow-up appointments with the surgeon in the future on a regular basis. The success rate, on the other hand, is low when the procedure is conducted on an emergency basis in critically-ill infants. Even if infants do survive after undergoing emergency TAPVC repair procedure, they will be kept under a prolonged post-surgery intensive care. They are also put on a ventilator machine to assist breathing.

Even is the repair is successfully handled, the patient is required to attend follow-up session with the surgeon for the rest of your life. During the follow-up appointments, the surgeon will check the progress and keep a tap on health conditions that may develop as the child grows into an adult. Most of the children who undergo TAPVC repair and ASD closure are able to grow and develop normally. Abnormal cardiac rhythm and obstruction in the pulmonary veins are the two post-surgical complications that may rarely occur.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of Turkey / Why should opt for Turkey as a destination for your medical treatment?
The healthcare infrastructure of Turkey comprises health centers, health posts, mother and child health and family planning centers, tuberculosis dispensaries, etc. Health centers are each staffed by a team consisting of a doctor, a nurse, a midwife, a health technician, and an administrator. Health posts report to health centers and are each staffed by a midwife. Health centers and health posts are the only settings providing preventive care, health promotion, and community-based health services. All other settings use specialists to provide just primary diagnostic and curative care. Turkey is turning out to be a preferred destination for medical treatment by many people across the world for its pace of development. The people are friendly and the administration is efficient. After the treatment in Turkey, one can even choose to unwind amidst its beauty.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in Turkey? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety. Here are a few JCI certified hospitals in Turkey :
  • Anadolu Medical Center
  • Hisar Intercontinental Hospital
  • Medipol Mega University Hospital
  • NP Istanbul Brain Hospital
  • Neolife Oncology Center
  • Liv Hospital
  • Medicana Healthcare Group
  • Kadikoy Florence Nightingale Hospital
  • Istanbul Memorial Hospital
  • Memorial Antalya Hospital
  • Taksim Hospital
  • Dunyagoz Hospitals Group, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Medical Park Hospitals Group
  • Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex
  • Acibadem Maslak Hospital
  • German Hospital Taksim
  • Medical Park Bahçelievler Hospital
  • Göktürk Florence Nightingale Medical Center
  • International Hospital
  • Aydinlar Dental Group
Are the doctors/surgeons in Turkey of the best quality?
Doctors in Turkey are highly educated and well trained. This is one of the reasons why many people flock to Turkey for medical treatment. The doctors are skilled and can converse fluently in English and other foreign languages.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in Turkey?
At present, there are two types of medical visas available for your visit to Turkey:
  1. Medical Visa, which can be obtained from the Consulate of Turkey
  2. Online Visa (eVisa), which can be obtained in advance of arrival via the government of Turkey’s online visa system.
Visitors must obtain a medical visa for traveling to Turkey unless they come from visa-exempt countries and territories or citizens of those countries, which are eligible to apply for an e-Visa online. How To Acquire Online Medical Visas (e-Visa or electronic visa) :
  1. Simply visit www.evisa.gov.tr and apply on the platform by selecting your country and the type of passport or identity card. The platform is self-explanatory and will guide you throughout every step.
  2. Once you are done filling the form, save and download the form for future references.
  3. The applicant must visit the nearby Turkish embassy in his/her country to get the approval of the Consulate.
  4. Once the visa is approved, the travel dates can be scheduled accordingly.
What support services does MediGence provide in Turkey?
MediGence has been praised on a global scale for the list of services they provide. Apart from the listed services, the staff and the guides are adorned for their customer interaction, impromptu assistance, and various other assistance related guidance throughout the tour. Thus, the list of services provided by MediGence are:
  • Insurance query related guidance
  • In-detail guidance till completion of the medical tour
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free airport to hospital transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Accommodations Assistance
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Which are the best cities in Turkey for medical treatment?
The capital of Turkey is Istanbul. Istanbul is easily accessible and the preferred location for medical treatment. Other cities with good hospitals are Izmit and Bursa.

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