Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) or Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by a malformation in all the four pulmonary veins that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the atrium. The malformation is such that the veins do not connect to the left atrium perfectly.
In case of TAPVC, the four pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium because of an anomalous connection. There are different TAPVC types, depending on where and how the pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium. The common TAPVC types include supracariac, cardiac, and infracardiac TAPVC.
All types of TAPVC are corrected with the help of a surgery, which is conducted during infancy itself. Additionally, all types of TAPVC almost always have an atrial septal defect (ASD), which requires a separated surgery for its closure. An ASD is a hole between the upper two chambers of the heart. As a result, some amount of oxygenated blood from the right atrium is transferred to the left atrium and out from the body.
TAPVC is detected as soon as the baby is born or even before. The following are some of the main TAPVC symptoms:
TAPVC repair is conducted as soon as the condition is diagnosed, which may happen during pregnancy or after the birth of the baby. However, the exact time as to when the repair is conducted depends on the overall health of the baby. During TAPVC repair, the neonatal cardiac surgeons connect the pulmonary veins to the back of the left atrium to restore the normal flow of blood to the heart. Additionally, they also close off any abnormal connection between the pulmonary veins. The TAPVC repair procedure does not end there. The last step in the repair mostly includes the closure of the ASD. Prior to the surgery, the body of the child is connected to an artificial heart-lung machine. The machine is disconnected as soon as the normal beating of the heart is restored after making doing all the corrective repairs.
TAPVC repair success rate is excellent with over 95 percent success rate in children who are treated electively. A child or an adult may undergo TAPVR surgery successfully, however, that does not mean that it is fully cured. They will have to attend follow-up appointments with the surgeon in the future on a regular basis. The success rate, on the other hand, is low when the procedure is conducted on an emergency basis in critically-ill infants. Even if infants do survive after undergoing emergency TAPVC repair procedure, they will be kept under a prolonged post-surgery intensive care. They are also put on a ventilator machine to assist breathing.
Even is the repair is successfully handled, the patient is required to attend follow-up session with the surgeon for the rest of your life. During the follow-up appointments, the surgeon will check the progress and keep a tap on health conditions that may develop as the child grows into an adult. Most of the children who undergo TAPVC repair and ASD closure are able to grow and develop normally. Abnormal cardiac rhythm and obstruction in the pulmonary veins are the two post-surgical complications that may rarely occur.
The cost of TAPVC in Turkey starts from $9000. SAS, JCI, TEMOS are just some of the accreditations which top hospitals in Turkey hold where a TAPVC is conducted.
The TAPVC package cost in Turkey varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The comprehensive TAPVC package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of TAPVC in Turkey.
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 18 days in the country for complete recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
While Turkey is considered to be one of the best destinations for TAPVC owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for TAPVC as well:
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the TAPVC cost. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Turkey that offer TAPVC include the following:
After TAPVC, the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
The average rating for TAPVC hospitals in Turkey is 3.6. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 27 hospitals that offer TAPVC in Turkey. These hospitals have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to TAPVC Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
A large number of patients visit Turkey every year to receive world-class treatments at an affordable price. The country has a large pool of world-class multispecialty hospitals that offer unmatched medical treatments with high success rates and can deal with more than one specialty and offer all kinds of surgeries. Hospitals strictly adhere to stringent medical protocols and international standards to ensure quality of treatment and safety of patients. Some of the top multispecialty hospitals in Turkey are:
Hospitals in Turkey are following the quality standards set by Joint Commission International (JCI), which is the major healthcare accrediting body in the country. JCI was founded to ensure the quality served by the health organizations. The standards act as a framework for hospitals to meet international healthcare standards and focus on the quality of care and patient safety. The standards provide a framework for quality assurance by hospitals and offer a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels and across all functions.
Factors like excellent healthcare infrastructure, world-class hospitals, best doctors, and advanced Turkey technology are some of the reasons which make Hungary one of most favored destinations for seeking treatment. Some other reasons for the popularity of medical tourism in Turkey are cheap medicines, low consultation fee, low-cost medical treatments, and affordable accommodations. Hospitals and healthcare centers in Turkey strive to provide Western-standardized care to their patients. Turkey has world-class doctors who have vast experience in multiple disciplines and some of them are trained in America and Europe who prefer to practice in Turkey.
Turkey houses the best doctors in the world who strive to ensure quality medical care and complete patient satisfaction. They have also been educated at premier educational institutions in the world. They have strong subject knowledge and their skill set and area of expertise are vast. Board-certified doctors demonstrate their ability to practice at the top of their profession and deliver high-quality care to their patients.
You need to carry several documents when traveling to Turkey for medical treatment, such as medical History, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance, test reports, records, doctor referral notes. Packing is always an important part when you are traveling to another country for medical treatment Don't forget to make a list of all the essential things you might need during your stay in Turkey. The required documents may vary as per your destination, so please check before traveling.
A large number of medical tourists visit Turkey every year to avail popular procedures, such as:
The popular procedures in Turkey are available at an affordable price and have a success rate. With best-in-class doctors, the hospitals in Turkey offer world-class treatments in almost every therapeutic areas. Turkey’s high-end technology available at lower costs than its western counterparts has made the country the best destination for popular procedures all across the globe.
Most medical tourists choose cities like Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya which also are some of Turkey’s most famous tourist destinations. Affordable medical care with world-class facilities, impeccable patient care, and easily available medical visas make the country a foremost choice for international patients. Turkey has become one of the top medical tourism destinations with a number of world-class cities that have state-of-art infrastructure, the best transportation systems, and a wide range of food options. With cities full of history and mesmerizing sandy beaches, Turkey has always been a popular tourist destination.
Hospitals in Turkey offer world-class facilities to international patients to ensure safety and comfort throughout their stay in Turkey. With an aim to improve patient experience, hospitals in Turkey offer excellent facilities, such as visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and multiple food options. Hospitals in Turkey help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Yes, the hospitals in Turkey accept health insurance. You need to intimate your hospital in case you have any health insurance plan that is internationally valid. The hospital will request the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance directly to commence your treatment cashless if it is an approved insurance provider. The hospital will request the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance directly to commence your treatment cashless if it is an approved insurance provider.
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