Deep brain stimulation is a specialized treatment used for the treatment of movement disorders such as dystonia, Parkinson’s disease, and essential tremors. Recently, the use of this procedure has been shown to be highly effective in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is a neurosurgical procedure that involves the placement of a device called deep brain stimulator, which sends signals to specific areas of the brain to stop the symptoms associated with a movement disorder.
Deep brain stimulation is conducted across all major neurosurgery hospitals. This is a highly sensitive and a critical procedure that involves the placement of electrodes within specific areas of the brain that trigger symptoms associated with the motor disorder. This is the reason why this procedure must be conducted by only an experienced and skilled surgeon. India is known for its brigade of highly qualified brain surgeons who are mostly educated from the best medical universities in the world.
Every so often, Deep Brain Stimulation is regarded as the Pacemaker for the brain due to its similar functionalities with the Pacemaker which is used for heart-related problems. Deep Brain Stimulation is mostly operated on patients who find it difficult to control their disease through medication.
People suffering from Parkinson’s disease show symptoms of tremor, stiffness, rigidity, slowed movement, etc. Deep Brain Stimulation helps ease tremor and improves the stiffness and slowness in a remarkable manner. Even the tremor caused due to Essential Tremor simply gets wiped out with DBS. Dystonia patients get relief with the help of DBS as it relaxes muscles and improves irregular posture which is caused by muscle contraction. Taking everything into account, Deep Brain Stimulation helps enrich the quality of life of its patients.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure that involves implantation of electrodes within the specific targeted areas of the brain. It is used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms. Deep brain stimulation procedure can be opted for treating a number of neurological conditions, including Parkinson's disease, Essential tremor, Dystonia, Epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder and chronic pain. Deep brain stimulation uses a neurostimulator, commonly referred to as deep brain stimulator, to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas in the brain that control movement.
The impulse sent by deep brain stimulator interferes with and blocks the electrical signals that cause tremor and other Parkinson’s disease symptoms. The targeted areas most often include the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus and globus pallidus. Deep brain stimulation procedure has a long history of research. It was first introduced in 1987 and The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved deep brain stimulation treatment for essential tremor and Parkinson's disease in 1997.
Deep brain stimulation treatment is recommended for people who have had Parkinson’s disease for at least four years, are still getting benefited from medications, but have motor complications, such as significant on-off time periods. Brain stimulation therapy works by inactivating the parts of the brain that cause Parkinson's disease symptoms. However, DBS Parkinson does not damage the healthy brain tissue by destroying nerve cells. It blocks electrical signals from targeted areas of the brain.
Deep brain stimulation treatment has proven effective in most of the cases, but it could potentially result in serious complications and side effects. This is the main reason why deep brain stimulation treatment is used only for patients whose symptoms are not appropriately controlled with medications.
During the deep brain stimulation therapy, the neurosurgeon first uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan to identify the exact target within the brain where electrical nerve signals generate the symptoms. Some doctors may use microelectrode recording (a small wire that observes the activity of nerve cells in the target area) to more specifically and precisely identify the target in the brain that will be stimulated during the treatment.
After identifying the targets in the brain, there are several ways in which the permanent electrodes are placed into the target areas. The patient is given a local anaesthetic before the procedure, and then the neurosurgeon implants electrode by making small holes in the skull. The implanted electrodes are connected with extensions (a thin insulated wire) connected with the stimulator. These extensions are passed by some incisions under the skin of the head, neck, and shoulder. Deep brain stimulator is a battery-operated medical device similar to a heart pacemaker. It is implanted under the skin near the collarbone or in the chest.
Typically, patients need to stay in the hospital until their incision-related pain is under control, they are able to eat, drink and walk. Mostly, the patients are required to stay for only one night at the hospital after the surgery, but some patient may be advised to stay for at least two nights. The patient will not be able to shower or wet the area around the incision until the wound has completely healed. Deep brain stimulation programming takes place about 3 to 4 weeks after the surgery and this is when the actual benefits of the treatment can be reaped.
After a few weeks of surgery, the neurostimulator (IPG) is activated by a specialist. The specialist can easily program the IPG from outside the patient’s body using a special remote control. The amount of stimulation is customized as per specific needs. Stimulation may be constant or the specialist may advise to turn the IPG off at night and back on in the morning, depending on the condition of the patient. The batteries of stimulator may last for three to five years. The IPG replacement procedure is relatively simple. Inform your doctor immediately in case you experience any problems related to speech, balance, and coordination or in case you experience mood swings, numbness, muscle tightness, or lightheadedness.
Deep Brain Stimulation in India is a top choice for many patients from all over the world because of the cheaper costs of the treatment as compared to those in western countries. On top of that, one can find the best DBS surgeons in India who are internationally trained professionals and have undertaken countless cases of Deep Brain Stimulation.
Patients travel from overseas to India for Deep Brain Stimulation as the western countries charge way too much for the surgery as compared to Indian cost of DBS. Some of the patients have some other reasons as well for choosing India for DBS such as unavailability of good hospitals or lack of advanced technology, etc. These are few of the many notable reasons why patients from outside the country opt for DBS in India.
One can easily take advantage of the Indian Medical Industry which boasts of holistic hospitals, health experts and modern technology at a very low price tag. Such prominent recognition that India has received in its medical field is due to its emergence as the one-stop destination offering cost-effective medical care along with surgical and therapy practices.
The cost of Deep Brain Stimulation surgery is highly economical as opposed to western territory. To be more specific, the approximate cost of DBS in India is 60 to 90 per cent cheaper than the other parts of the world. It is one of the many significant reasons why foreign patients choose India over the other fully developed countries.
Although one can find countless number of highly-qualified neurologists in India for the surgery of Deep Brain Stimulation, some of the topmost and reputed DBS neurologists are as follows –
Dr Sumit Goyal
Having his MD in Internal Medicine and Medical Oncology, Dr Sumit Goyal has more than a decade of experience in the field of neurology.
Dr SK Sogani
Dr SK Sogani is an MS in General Surgery and Neurosurgery which he has done from the most renowned hospital of India AIIMS. From AIIMS again, he did his super specialization in neurosurgery and now has more than two decades of expertise in neurology.
Dr Alok Gupta
Having done his Masters in Internal Medicine, Dr Alok Gupta completed his DM in Medical Oncology from Mumbai. He also has more than a decade of experience in the neurological field.
With the help of advanced neurology hospitals along with modern technology and extremely professional neurosurgeons, Deep Brain Stimulation in India exhibits a high success rate. In India, the patients are treated with utmost care and under the supervision of very qualified neurosurgeons holding a rich experience in their area of expertise.
many high-class hospitals in India make use of state of the art technology to treat the patients, such as Biplane, Neuroendovascular Angiography, Endoscopic Neurosurgery Theatre, 256 Slice CT Scan, 3 Tesla MRI, Brain Suite, Synergy S Linac System, PET Scan, S-7 Navigation System, etc
There are many cities in India where one can get the best surgery for Deep Brain Stimulation. However, the best cities that you can blindly trust to get exceptional DBS surgery are Gurgaon, Bangalore, Mumbai, Noida, and Delhi.
Deep Brain stimulation is surgery or rather a procedure where a medical device called a neurostimulator is placed in the body of the human. The neurostimulator device that is placed in the body is often called a brain pacemaker. Dbs surgery recovery time is also quite less. The brain pacemaker is almost the same as how a heart pacemaker works. The deep brain stimulation cost in India varies with the grade of the device that is used in the surgery. The deep brain stimulation cost in India is justified when you think of the procedure itself. The brain pacemaker is implanted into the patient under the skin of the patient near the upper chest area. The sheer complexity of this type of implantation surgery is enough to justify the deep brain stimulation cost in India. Also, there is a wire that will travel from this device and then connect to the electrodes in the brain of the patient. This treatment is used to treat many neurological conditions such as :
Many doctors and researchers believe that deep brain stimulation can also cure dementia, addiction, stroke recovery, and depression.
Many people look at the deep brain stimulation cost in India and start wondering if the surgery will be successful if it is performed in India. The main thing that should be considered is that India is a developing country. Because of this, the deep brain stimulation cost in India is affordable, not only to the people who are living in India, but also people who are coming here from abroad countries to have this surgery.
The DBS surgery cost in India has nothing to do when it comes to the amount of care and the number of services that the Indian hospitals and doctors have to offer. People will get the same quality care, and the Dbs surgery recovery will be the same if it was performed in other expensive places also. Indian surgeons have practiced all around the world and have enough experience in the field that is needed to make deep brain stimulation surgery successful. The amount of expertise among the doctors are extremely high and worth mentioning. The post-operation treatment and care rendered to the patients are quite impressive.
Some very highly accredited hospitals in India like the Artemis Hospital situated in Gurgaon, the Columbia Asia hospital in Yeshwanthpur located in the metro city of Bengaluru, the Global health city in Chennai, in the state of Tamil Nadu, are the leading places for the deep brain stimulation surgery as well as the DBS surgery recovery. Considering that these hospitals have completed the deep brain stimulation surgery for a large number of people abroad and from India, the deep brain stimulation cost in India in these hospitals are kept quite affordable to the general public.
The DBS surgery recovery process is an important part of the deep brain stimulation surgery itself. The main implant, the brain pacemaker, is turned on after a few days of the surgery to take note of the initial effects of the surgery done. DBS surgery recovery process includes finding the correct setting for the patient. Not all patients' bodies are the same; that is why they require a multitude of varied settings of the implanted brain pacemaker. There are a few effects that might be noticed in the patient during the DBS surgery recovery process. Some of the small and sudden side effects like headaches, sharp tingling sensations, temporary pain as well as temporary swelling of the site of the implant are normally observed in the DBS surgery recovery phase. The side effects are usually caused by the setting of the brain pacemaker and will be monitored by the surgeon that performed the surgery and the specialist that the patient is consulting. These setting will be varied in the DBS surgery recovery phase so that the patient does not feel any uneasiness during the normal course of day to day living, later on.
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