The concept of hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA)or surface replacement is an attempt to preserve the bone throughout the implantation of an artificial hip joint. In the traditional hip replacement procedure, the head of the thigh bone and the damaged socket (acetabulum) is removed. They are then replaced with a prosthesis made of metal, plastic, or ceramic.
In hip resurfacing, the femoral head is not removed but trimmed and capped with a smooth metal covering. Only the damaged bone and cartilage within the socket are removed and replaced with a metal shell. The advantages of hip resurfacing over the traditional procedure are as follows:
Hip Resurfacing Surgery Cost starts from USD1900. This cost depends on the location and the location and the hospital as well. The operations typically last between 1 ½ and 3 hours and can be performed under general or spinal anesthesia. In most of the cases, the patient will be discharged in 1 to 4 days, depending on the progress. The patient may require a walker, cane or the crutches for the first few days or weeks, till the patient may become comfortable enough to walk without help.
Birmingham hip resurfacing surgery is an alternative to the total hip replacement surgery, which is indicated in patients with advanced arthritis of the hip. The latter could be performed as an anterior hip replacement or posterior hip replacement.
Both hip resurfacing and total hip replacement procedures are, in a way, a form of hip replacement. In Birmingham hip resurfacing surgery, the femoral head of the bone is not removed.
Instead, it is trimmed and capped with a metal covering and the damaged bone is replaced with a metal cup. In total hip replacement surgery (anterior hip replacement and posterior hip replacement), the femoral head and neck of the bone are removed and replaced with a metal ball and a metal stem.
Patients with advanced arthritis of the hip are recommended to undergo hip resurfacing surgery. Hip resurfacing is not suitable for all patients. Patients below 60 years who have strong healthy bones are allowed to undergo hip resurfacing surgery. Patients with femoral neck cysts, severe bone loss, and osteoporosis are not suitable for this procedure.
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