Holes in the heart are considered to be congenital heart diseases or defects. These are considered to be a problem in the structure formation of the heart right at the time when a foetus is deriving its nutrition in the womb. With latest procedural technologies these problems can be mended right after birth. The holes in the heart disrupt the normal blood through the heart thus causing a general problem in blood circulation in the entire body.
In order to understand the holes in heart we must briefly understand the working of the heart. The heart works like a pump beating on an average of 100,000 times in a day. It has two sides which is divided by a wall called septum. The right side of the valve pumps blood to the lungs and picks up oxygen. The oxygen rich blood then returns to the left side of the heart from the lungs and then the left side pumps it to the rest of the body.
These two sides are divided into 4 chambers having four valves connecting them to various blood vessels. For carrying blood from the body to the heart, veins are responsible while arteries carry the blood away from the heart to be circulated to the body. The atria are two upper chambers that collect blood while ventricles are the two lower chambers pumping the blood to the lungs and other parts of the body.
The valves act like doors allowing flow of blood through the next chamber to arteries and then they close to keep the blood from again returning back to the previous chamber from where it came. In a systolic contraction ventricle pump blood from the heart and in a diastolic contraction the ventricles relax to receive blood pumped by the atria while aortic and pulmonary valves close at the beginning of the diastole to prevent the chances of backflow.
Depending on location, age and general health of the child the operation procedure is decided
When ASDs do not close by themselves as observed in periodic checkups then catheter or surgical procedure has to be adopted. Surgeons decide to close the holes when the child is 2 to 5 years old and the hole size is medium or large
Till 1990s surgery was the only usual method to close ASDs but due to advance technologies now catheter procedures can close secundum ASDs. The child will be given medicine so that he or she sleeps through the ASD device closure procedure. Now a catheter is inserted into the groin’s vein and threads it up to the septum of the heart. A tiny umbrella like device is folded up inside the catheter. Angiography or echocardiography is used to see the threading path of the catheter.
The device is pushed out of the catheter after reaching the septum and so positioned that it acts like a plug in the hold between the atria. The device will be kept in position while the catheter will be slowly withdrawn.
Within a period of 6 months, over this device normal tissues will start growing in. As the child grows the closure device is not required to be replaced. Normal development would take place gradually without affecting the operations of the heart.
Only a needle puncture is made in the above described procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. They are usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
For primum or sinus venosus ASDs an open heart surgery is recommended. Here too medicines will ensure that the child sleeps though the process. In the chest an incision is made at first. With a special path that covers the hole the defect is repaired. On a heart lung bypass machine the child is placed to ensure that the heart can be opened to perform the surgery.
Antibiotics will be administered to the child to prevent infection like endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent blood clots the child may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till he or she is fit enough to exert more with physical activities.
The average VSD closure surgery cost in India generally roams around $4,000 to $6,000. However, the price of the treatment usually depends upon your condition as well as the healthcare unit that you have chosen for your purpose.
While we’re at it, let us inform you about the VSD device closure cost in India as well. If you have opted for a reputable organization, then they would charge you around $1500 - $2500 for it.
In essence, only two factors generally affect the VSD closure surgery cost in India. The first one is obviously the severity of the condition. If it isn’t that critical, then a considerably small operation would suffice for you. However, if it is a big and lengthy one, then the price might increase. The other one is the healthcare institution that you are opting for. Naturally, if you are opting for a top-notch institute, then you will have to pay a little bit more than usual.
The best surgeon in India for VSD closure surgery is Dr. N. Trehan (Medanta, the Medicity). However, Dr. M. Jothi (Indraprastha Apollo Hospital) and Dr. S. Chandra (BLK Super Specialty Hospital) are quite renowned in the market as well.
The best hospitals for VSD closure surgery in India are:
Medanta - The Medicity: When talking about the best hospital for VSD closure surgery, the first name that comes to the mind is Medanta, the Medicity. The center houses a plethora of highly-qualified and experienced doctors, who can surely cure your condition without making any mistakes.
Artemis Hospital: Established in the year of 2007, Artemis Hospital, regarding surgical procedures, has always been one of the bests in the Indian medical world. The organization has recently been accredited by NABH and JCI, which showcases its overall grip in this field.
BLK Super Specialty Hospital: Located at the heart of New Delhi, the BLK Super Specialty Hospital is widely considered as one of the best healthcare units in all over India. The surgeons of the unit are highly-oriented and qualified. So, they will take care of your whereabouts without any issues.
The success rate of VSD closure repair in India generally depends on the healthcare unit that you have opted for. However, on average, the percentage of success ranges from 92% to 95%. So, if we do tell you that you are in safe hands, then, trust us, we are not lying.
There are two major healthcare accreditation standards followed by healthcare providers in India. The first one is National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers has been recognised as one of these standards. Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH). A sought after accreditation standard is the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers. The second accreditation is Joint Commission International whose quality benchmark is sought after by so many different healthcare providers.
India has the best multispecialty hospitals that offer world-class medical treatment at an affordable cost. Many different kinds of surgeries are performed at these hospitals and they have several specialties. The general medical needs of patients are also taken care of by these hospitals. Some of the top multispecialty hospitals in India are
One of the leading medical tourism destinations, India offers affordable healthcare and has superior infrastructure. Indian healthcare infrastructure is equivalent to international health standards and equate to high end technologies at par with the western world. The doctors from India are highly professional, are providing treatment with precision and accuracy and skilled. Some of the other important factors that contribute to making India one of the most favored destinations for medical tourism are ease of travel, ease of communication, availability of alternative treatment, and visa assistance.
Skill and application of that skill with precision ensures that Indian doctors are considered proficient in their work. No matter what new healthcare challenges are present before them, the doctors in India face and overcome them with a lot of confidence. The doctors in India have been educated at premier educational institutions across the world. You will feel right at home with the best of medical care that Indian doctors and surgeons can provide you with.
Packing is always an important part when you are traveling to another country for medical treatment. When traveling to India for your treatment, you need to carry travel documents, medical documents and get your finances ready. Let us look at the documents you need to come to India for your medical treatment:
There are so many different popular procedures that are being performed on a regular basis in India such as the ones listed below:
The popular procedures that are being performed in India are being refined over time owing to an upgradation of various techniques and technologies. The good quality of doctors who are providing treatment and performing surgeries at economical prices has led to the growth in procedures like heart surgeries, orthopaedic procedures, organ transplants and in treatment of cancer in India. A strength that aids the growth in the number of popular procedures available in India is the abundance of good hospitals and healthcare facilities.
Vaccinations and up-to-date immunizations are important for any international travel. It is essential for medical travellers coming to India as well to get protection from different diseases. If you are looking for complete information on vaccination guidelines then either your hospital or the travel advisory issued by the Government of India is the right source. The vaccinations like hepatitis A, hepatitis B, Covid, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, DPT, measles, yellow fever have become essential before your India visit.
Indian hospitals are well equipped to give International patients the safety and comfort that they need during their India stay. The hospitals in India have international patient care centers providing all kinds of assistance and care that the patients require. Your needs and requirements as a medical traveller in India are met by the hospitals by going the extra mile. The facilities like room reservation, visa and embassy assistance, hotel services and apartment bookings, language interpretation services, tele-consults and pre departure evaluation are a boon to any medical traveller.
Some of the leading medical tourism destinations in India are Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru. The world class medical services in India make it a medical tourism hub. India has grown into a medical tourism destination owing to the world class healthcare facilities, patient care and affordable medical care plans. Medical tourism destinations in India are growing fast and growing well, this is in no small measure to the promotion of the sector by the Government of India in collaboration with the private players.
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