Spinal fusion is a type of a back surgery procedure for joining two or more bones permanently in the spine to prevent movement between them. The bones that are joined are called vertebrae.
Spinal fusion is performed along with other surgical procedures such as foraminotomy or laminectomy and after discectomy in the neck. Spinal fusion is required if the patient has an injury or fractures of the spine bones. The spine will become weak due to infection or tumours. Spinal fusion is also performed in abnormal curvatures that result from scoliosis or kyphosis.
We are living in a modern world where anything is possible it can be anything like going in space, going deep in the earth, getting a head up in technology, advanced medical treatment and the list goes on and on up to an extent on which no one can imagine. But as stated anything is possible – getting lost in space, technological effects, worse medical problems and this doesn't mean that there isn't a solution to this, every problem has a solution. Here the talk is about spinal fusion; it's a type of surgery in which the patient's spines is the thing on which the surgical process takes place. The spinal cord is also referred to as a backbone which handles all the operation of the back and acts as a central junction for pretty much every bone to meet. It starts from the medulla and goes way down to the hip joint, but this doesn't mean that it only operates that area no it has connections all over the body like the hand to arm, feet to legs then to the thigh, etc.
If one is having even a small problem in the spinal cord, then it affects the entire spinal cord gradually and the body parts connected to it. So, if not treated right then sometimes it can cause some serious problems like permanent disability of any body part.
What causes this ? - This is a bone problem, so the majority of this has to do with is uncertain accidents, low calcium content, tumour, genetics problem, etc. It can be from anything which can affect the bone. If not treated at the right time then this can cause permanent dysfunction of the body including the legs or the hands and sometimes permanent disability.
What is done in spinal fusion surgery ? - This will do whatever it takes to get the spinal cord right for the patient or the individual. Spinal fusion is done when there is a motion between the vertebrae so what it does that it eliminates the motion between it. By this absence of motion, the nerve which was getting stretched before will not stretch now. Sometimes a laminectomy is performed when a person is suffering from the pain in the legs or things apart from the spinal cord. So what this process does is that it removes the dead and diseased part out of there which are causing the pain.
There are different types of spinal surgery; some will involve the joining of two bones via welding in this type of surgery one might not feel very free as the flexibility factor is absent here. But when the surgery only involves adding or removing some fragments, then one might not need about anything. The type of surgery will mainly depend on what type of problem one is suffering from and the doctor’s prescription.
Spinal fusion surgery is a type of a spinal procedure used to join two or more bones permanently in the spine and to prevent movement between them. The bones that are joined are called as vertebrae. Spinal fusion surgery is performed along with other surgical procedures such as foraminotomy or laminectomy and after diskectomy in the neck. It is required if the patient has an injury or a fracture of the vertebrae. The spine will become weak due to an infection or tumors. Spinal fusion is also performed in abnormal curvatures that result from scoliosis or kyphosis.
This surgical procedure usually takes around three to four hours. The surgeon makes a surgical cut and views the spine. Surgeries such as a diskectomy, laminectomy, or a foraminotomy, are conducted first followed by spinal fusion.
Spinal fusion may be done on the back or neck or spine. The patient is made to lie with face down. The spine is exposed by separating the muscles and tissue. If surgery is on the lower back, the surgeon will use retractors to separate soft tissues and blood vessels. A graft is used to fuse the bones permanently. The surgeon gets the bone graft from other parts of the body, which is called autograft. Sometimes a bone substitute may also be used to fill in the space between the vertebrae and form a single long bone.
Pain medications will be given either by mouth or through an intravenous line. You will be taught the ways to stand properly, walk, sit and stand. You will not be able to eat for two to three days. Nutrients will be given through an intravenous route. You have to wear a bracelet after leaving the hospital. The surgeon will provide instructions to the patient regarding home care after surgery. Spinal fusion alleviates nerve pain by creating more space around the spinal cord and nerve roots. This surgery reduces post-decompressive deformity. The spine fusion surgery corrects any deformity which is present before surgery. The surgery ensures normal alignment of the spine. Laser spine institute can perform spinal fusion surgery in minimally invasive manner.
Sometimes spinal fusion can lead to more back pain and prolongs the recovery time. Inflammation and scaring is also possible after the surgery. Due to nerve irritation, pain or weakness can also occur. The fused segment may also cause stress near the fusion. Inform the doctor immediately in case you suffer from breathing problems or witness signs of infection.
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