Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) or Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by a malformation in all the four pulmonary veins that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the atrium. The malformation is such that the veins do not connect to the left atrium perfectly.
In case of TAPVC, the four pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium because of an anomalous connection. There are different TAPVC types, depending on where and how the pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium. The common TAPVC types include supracariac, cardiac, and infracardiac TAPVC.
All types of TAPVC are corrected with the help of a surgery, which is conducted during infancy itself. Additionally, all types of TAPVC almost always have an atrial septal defect (ASD), which requires a separated surgery for its closure. An ASD is a hole between the upper two chambers of the heart. As a result, some amount of oxygenated blood from the right atrium is transferred to the left atrium and out from the body.
TAPVC is detected as soon as the baby is born or even before. The following are some of the main TAPVC symptoms:
TAPVC repair is conducted as soon as the condition is diagnosed, which may happen during pregnancy or after the birth of the baby. However, the exact time as to when the repair is conducted depends on the overall health of the baby. During TAPVC repair, the neonatal cardiac surgeons connect the pulmonary veins to the back of the left atrium to restore the normal flow of blood to the heart. Additionally, they also close off any abnormal connection between the pulmonary veins. The TAPVC repair procedure does not end there. The last step in the repair mostly includes the closure of the ASD. Prior to the surgery, the body of the child is connected to an artificial heart-lung machine. The machine is disconnected as soon as the normal beating of the heart is restored after making doing all the corrective repairs.
TAPVC repair success rate is excellent with over 95 percent success rate in children who are treated electively. A child or an adult may undergo TAPVR surgery successfully, however, that does not mean that it is fully cured. They will have to attend follow-up appointments with the surgeon in the future on a regular basis. The success rate, on the other hand, is low when the procedure is conducted on an emergency basis in critically-ill infants. Even if infants do survive after undergoing emergency TAPVC repair procedure, they will be kept under a prolonged post-surgery intensive care. They are also put on a ventilator machine to assist breathing.
Even is the repair is successfully handled, the patient is required to attend follow-up session with the surgeon for the rest of your life. During the follow-up appointments, the surgeon will check the progress and keep a tap on health conditions that may develop as the child grows into an adult. Most of the children who undergo TAPVC repair and ASD closure are able to grow and develop normally. Abnormal cardiac rhythm and obstruction in the pulmonary veins are the two post-surgical complications that may rarely occur.
TAPVC cost in Spain starts from about $21000. TAPVC in Spain is available across many hospitals in different states.
The cost of TAPVC in Spain may differ from one medical facility to the other. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The TAPVC cost in Spain includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of TAPVC in Spain.
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 18 days in the country for complete recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Spain is undoubtedly one of the best countries for TAPVC in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for TAPVC as well:
Apart from the TAPVC cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in Spain per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Spain which offer TAPVC are:
Patients who are interested in availing telemedicine consultation before they travel for TAPVC in Spain can opt for the same. There are many TAPVC surgeons who offer video telemedicine consultation, including the following:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Juli Carballo||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Antonio Berruezo||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Xavier Ruyra Baliarda||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Josep Brugada||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Raul F Abella||USD 606||Schedule Now|
After TAPVC, the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer TAPVC in Spain. Such clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
The healthcare accredition standards followed in Spain are very stringent leading to a much needed quality control in the Spanish healthcare sector. The healthcare system in Spain is synonymous with quality on several parameters. The two parameters of healthcare quality and patient safety are checked by Joint Commission International in hospitals throughout Spain. The final evaluation done by the experienced and skilled healthcare professionals working in the accredition body can be vouched for owing to their high competence.
Spain has a high footfall of patients who are drawn to the hospitals inspite of belonging to varied backgrounds and nationalities. As the name suggests multispecialty hospitals encompass treatment being provided to patients across specialties. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
Their is a good range of specialties covered by the multispecialty hospital groups in Spain that ensure that all your medical and surgical needs are taken care of.
The healthcare in Spain is at par with the best in the world and is continuously upgraded with the technologies of today. The skills and competence of doctors in Spain in treating different kinds of conditions is vouched for by the topmost healthcare professionals of the world. There is uni payer healthcare system in Spain that translates to having universal coverage of costs (except those of prescription drugs). You should opt for healthcare in Spain as Spain makes for a good combination of places with a lot of tourist potential and great healthcare facilities.
The doctors in Spain have been educated from the best institutions and excel in treating their patients. In Spain, the doctors have refined their medical and surgical skills with years of hands on experience. The doctors in Spain are adept at imbibing any new techniques and adapting to newer technologies. Getting your treatment done in Spain should be a seamless affair as there is not even a language barrier with english the second language for many doctors.
As you decide to travel to Spain, start by creating an essential document checklist. The documents that you carry must make the journey and treatment a seamless process during your medical tourism journey to Spain. The travel documents needed are your passport, visa, roundtrip ticket, travel medical insurance, accomodation proof, civil status proof, financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs and employment documents (as per status). Please do carry your medical documents as well such as medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
Spain is a medical tourism destination that has long been frequented by travelers the world over. It has a popular sports and physical fitness culture which naturally leads to the development of certain fields like sports medicine and orthopaedic procedures. Please find here the most popular procedures done in Spain which have made it an advanced medical tourism destination. Orthopaedic procedures, spine surgery, sports medicine related procedures, fertility treatments, plastic surgery, dentistry, eye care and bariatric surgery.
As you head to Spain as a medical traveler, please understand that it is mandatory to get yourself vaccinated before you start your journey. There are certain vaccinations that are routinely taken before going to Spain such as for Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), Polio and Chickenpox (Varicella). Vaccinations for Measles, Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B are taken by travellers who are at a higher health risk. Before going to Spain, there are other conditions whose vaccinations you need to take such as for Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies.
Hospitals provide a lot of additional facilities to assist medical travellers in their treatment in Spain. It is this intention of making lives easier for medical travellers that hospitals in Spain have International patient services. As a medical traveller, one positive is the opportunity of availing private healthcare insurance in hospitals in Spain. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Barcelona has advanced child healthcare hospital facilities whereas Madrid is known for general health and reproductive healthcare. Medical tourism is one of the key industries in Spain and there is an increased investment drive to further enhance the capabilities of this sector. Medical infrastructure in Spain is highly developed and is being regularly upgraded with the latest technologies.
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