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Craniotomy Surgery Cost

A craniotomy is a surgical procedure in which a portion of the skull's bone is removed to reveal the brain. The bone flap is a portion of bone that is removed using specialized equipment. After the brain surgery, the bone flap is temporarily removed and then reinstalled.

To precisely target the area of the brain that has to be treated during some craniotomy operations, computers and imaging (computerized tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) may be used as guides. This method necessitates the use of either a frame attached to the skull or a frameless system with markings or landmarks applied superficially to the scalp.

Factors that affect the cost of Craniotomy:

  • Type and Complexity of the Procedure: The type and complexity of the required craniotomy have a major financial influence. The size and location of the lesion or abnormality in the brain, the surgical technique (minimally invasive vs. classic open craniotomy, for example), and the cause for the operation (tumor removal, aneurysm repair, epilepsy surgery), among other factors, all affect the total cost of the procedure.
  • Geographic Location: The cost of healthcare might change depending on one's location and the characteristics of the local market. Procedures for craniotomies carried out in cities or in locations where living expenses are higher may be more costly than in rural areas.
  • Hospital Fees: The entire cost of a craniotomy is influenced by hospital-related costs such as operating room fees, anesthetic fees, hospital stays, lodging and board, and other ancillary services. Costs may also be impacted by the kind of healthcare facility—a community hospital or an academic medical center—and where the procedure is conducted.
  • Surgeon's costs: A major portion of the total cost is attributed to the costs levied by the neurosurgeon or surgical team that performs the craniotomy. The cost of a surgeon may differ depending on experience, specialization, region, and operation complexity.
  • Anesthesia Fees: To keep the patient asleep and pain-free throughout a craniotomy, anesthesia is required. The cost may vary depending on the kind of anesthetic (general anesthesia) and how long it is administered.
  • Preoperative Diagnostic Tests: To determine the state of the brain and plan the surgery, patients usually need preoperative diagnostic tests such as imaging investigations (MRI, CT scans), blood tests, and neurological evaluations before having a craniotomy. The cost of these tests increases the total cost.
  • Medical Equipment and Devices: The total cost of craniotomy surgery is influenced by specialized equipment and devices utilized during the procedure, such as navigation systems, monitoring devices, intraoperative imaging systems (e.g., MRI or CT scanners), and surgical instruments.
  • Postoperative Care and Intensive Treatment: Following a craniotomy, certain patients may need to be admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for specialist treatment and close observation. The length and complexity of postoperative care, which includes prescription drugs, physical therapy, and follow-up visits, might have an impact on the final cost.
  • Additional Therapies or Interventions: To manage issues or improve results, further therapies or interventions may occasionally be required before, during, or following a craniotomy. These could affect the overall cost of treatment and include physical therapy, speech therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
CountryCostLocal_currency
United KingdomUSD 13377 - 6000010568 - 47400
TurkeyUSD 14704 - 30000443179 - 904200
SpainUSD 25042 - 3100023039 - 28520
United StatesUSD 26967 - 6693526967 - 66935
SingaporeUSD 25000 - 5000033500 - 67000

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Types of Craniotomy in Zulekha Hospital Sharjah and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (AED)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery15091 - 2864556626 - 102381
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy11093 - 2728639272 - 101823
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy11828 - 2460842422 - 89575
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy13546 - 2701048994 - 97772
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy13439 - 2693150769 - 98755
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy13784 - 2807750166 - 103627
Pterional Craniotomy12280 - 2686045411 - 97895
Suboccipital Craniotomy12546 - 2502044467 - 91563
  • Address: Zulekha Hospital - Sharjah - United Arab Emirates
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Types of Craniotomy in Prime Hospital and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (AED)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery15031 - 2773756263 - 106132
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy10687 - 2723240604 - 100516
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy11543 - 2398942629 - 89043
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy13544 - 2665450437 - 100508
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy13884 - 2679950607 - 101327
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy13820 - 2831248929 - 104010
Pterional Craniotomy12161 - 2742344534 - 98491
Suboccipital Craniotomy12333 - 2580446174 - 92732
  • Address: Prime Hospital - Dubai - United Arab Emirates
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Types of Craniotomy in Vejthani Hospital and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (THB)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery12519 - 22082444632 - 785198
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy9777 - 25243349335 - 894751
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy10340 - 22330379840 - 811689
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy12205 - 24929443367 - 893419
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy12387 - 24295443263 - 892229
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy12140 - 23598433061 - 838809
Pterional Craniotomy10954 - 22696390499 - 796185
Suboccipital Craniotomy11026 - 21049404888 - 758466
  • Address: Vejthani Hospital, 1 Soi Lat Phrao 111 Klong-Chan Bangkapi Bangkok, Thailand
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Types of Craniotomy in Indian Spinal Injuries Centre and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery5079 - 10103417048 - 834640
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy3050 - 8158250523 - 667754
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3564 - 7641291571 - 621395
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy4586 - 9142375619 - 747112
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy4585 - 9604375134 - 788578
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy4546 - 9617376296 - 791477
Pterional Craniotomy4064 - 8625334310 - 710524
Suboccipital Craniotomy4063 - 8637331861 - 710414
  • Address: Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, IAA Colony, Sector D, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, Delhi, India
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Types of Craniotomy in Ruby Hall Clinic and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery4612 - 9482387305 - 770753
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy2822 - 7522231021 - 605696
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3279 - 7065266437 - 582108
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy4200 - 8369340624 - 697371
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy4234 - 8913344902 - 734526
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy4198 - 8830345093 - 734010
Pterional Craniotomy3694 - 7934304608 - 648580
Suboccipital Craniotomy3792 - 8074310705 - 643718
  • Address: Ruby Hall Clinic, Sassoon Road, Sangamvadi, Pune, Maharashtra, India
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Types of Craniotomy in Fortis Hospital and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery5081 - 10171415726 - 836000
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy3052 - 8160249323 - 664480
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3551 - 7648291775 - 623075
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy4571 - 9142375441 - 750082
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy4565 - 9605375756 - 789783
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy4583 - 9666375858 - 790835
Pterional Craniotomy4075 - 8620332618 - 706542
Suboccipital Craniotomy4066 - 8658334240 - 704040
  • Address: Fortis Hospital, Sahyadri Layout, Panduranga Nagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Facilities related to Fortis Hospital: Post operative followup, Mobility Accessible Rooms, Online Doctor Consultation, Air Ambulance, Religious Facilities

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Types of Craniotomy in Medipol Mega University Hospital and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (TRY)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery14880 - 18800444743 - 576507
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy9016 - 19459276484 - 567098
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy9437 - 16652288885 - 518413
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy11277 - 19098342493 - 586204
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy11120 - 18511345666 - 568457
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy11199 - 18000343764 - 536589
Pterional Craniotomy10069 - 16851304753 - 518804
Suboccipital Craniotomy10137 - 15761299728 - 479347
  • Address: Göztepe Mahallesi, Medipol Mega ?niversite Hastanesi, Metin Sokak, Bağcılar/Istanbul, Turkey
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Types of Craniotomy in HCG Kalinga Rao Road and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery5063 - 10177414941 - 832322
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy3054 - 8142250334 - 664428
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3541 - 7625292149 - 625311
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy4576 - 9121375111 - 751402
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy4556 - 9687374373 - 794277
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy4548 - 9602376207 - 792385
Pterional Craniotomy4074 - 8667334165 - 704293
Suboccipital Craniotomy4044 - 8621331728 - 704676
  • Address: HCG Hospital, 2nd Cross Road, KHB Block Koramangala, 5th Block, Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Facilities related to HCG Kalinga Rao Road: SIM, TV inside room, Accommodation, Choice of Meals

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Types of Craniotomy in Zulekha Hospital Dubai and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (AED)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery15425 - 2870656346 - 102603
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy10721 - 2781339598 - 98383
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy11542 - 2430441750 - 91089
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy13721 - 2730850486 - 101049
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy13459 - 2779050799 - 98613
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy13381 - 2861049841 - 105383
Pterional Craniotomy12423 - 2634244412 - 100853
Suboccipital Craniotomy12471 - 2500145638 - 95171
  • Address: Zulekha Hospital Dubai - Dubai - United Arab Emirates
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Types of Craniotomy in Apollo Hospitals Bannerghatta and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery5543 - 11464454073 - 927892
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy3420 - 9131272128 - 726759
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3946 - 8570327598 - 687723
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy5150 - 9943421737 - 822192
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy5124 - 10812407867 - 892134
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy5062 - 10587422752 - 872784
Pterional Craniotomy4510 - 9719373788 - 791539
Suboccipital Craniotomy4539 - 9668376864 - 772623
  • Address: Apollo Hospitals Bannerghatta Road - Best Hospital in bangalore, Krishnaraju Layout, Amalodbhavi Nagar, Panduranga Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
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Assuta Hospital located in Tel-Aviv, Israel is accredited by JCI. Also listed below are some of the most prominent infrastructural details:

  • Annual numbers for Assuta Hospital group
    • 92,000 surgeries
    • 683,000 healthcare examinations, ambulatory treatments
    • 440,000 imaging tests
    • 4,000 (approx.) cardiac catheterization diagnosis, treatments
    • 16,000 (approx.) IVF treatments
    • 500 (approx.) kinds of surgical procedures
  • Assuta Hospital, Tel Aviv, is an important healthcare facility which is recognised for being a surgical specialist.
  • Even in the surgical specialty, Assuta Hospital, Tel Aviv performs superlative Minimally Invasive Surgeries.
  • Impressive imaging technology is present in the hospital, such as CT (advanced), PET-CT, MRI and two-head nuclear imaging camera.
  • 15 Operating Theatres
  • 200 plus beds
  • Resuscitation units
  • 2 monitoring laboratories


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Types of Craniotomy in Yashoda Hospital, Malakpet and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery5096 - 10152418177 - 829908
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy3034 - 8095248517 - 663605
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3548 - 7620290650 - 625496
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy4546 - 9122375070 - 747771
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy4578 - 9611373360 - 792346
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy4584 - 9638374289 - 791928
Pterional Craniotomy4041 - 8655331808 - 704992
Suboccipital Craniotomy4047 - 8628333238 - 707459
  • Address: Yashoda Hospitals - Malakpet, Jamal Colony, Old Malakpet, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
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Types of Craniotomy in Anadolu Medical Center and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (TRY)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery14743 - 19475446253 - 567727
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy8835 - 18875272372 - 565923
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy9613 - 17183292270 - 504175
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy11164 - 19226340296 - 564845
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy11362 - 18479331876 - 554400
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy11075 - 18012345676 - 541468
Pterional Craniotomy10051 - 17136302947 - 515770
Suboccipital Craniotomy10305 - 15534303052 - 476740
  • Address: Cumhuriyet Mahallesi, Anadolu Salk Merkezi, Cumhuriyet Cd., Gebze/Kocaeli, Turkey
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Types of Craniotomy in Burjeel Hospital for Advanced Surgery Dubai and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (AED)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery15461 - 2838356949 - 106218
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy10957 - 2765239659 - 99991
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy11609 - 2473242073 - 90183
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy13426 - 2673750429 - 99821
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy13346 - 2689849526 - 98549
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy13365 - 2882250132 - 106363
Pterional Craniotomy12281 - 2693845422 - 97505
Suboccipital Craniotomy12481 - 2538245639 - 92433
  • Address: Burjeel Hospital for Advanced Surgery Dubai - Sheikh Zayed Road - Dubai - United Arab Emirates
  • Facilities related to Burjeel Hospital for Advanced Surgery Dubai: Online Doctor Consultation, Post operative followup, Mobility Accessible Rooms, Rehabilitation, Air Ambulance

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Types of Craniotomy in Aster CMI Hospital and its associated cost

Treatment OptionApproximate Cost Range (USD)Approximate Cost Range (INR)
Overall Craniotomy Surgery5094 - 10162417780 - 833973
Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy3035 - 8101248471 - 667807
Supra-Orbital Craniotomy3554 - 7612291596 - 625586
Retro Sigmoid Craniotomy4553 - 9109375231 - 751457
Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy4571 - 9683375980 - 787414
Translabyrinthine Craniotomy4564 - 9684373774 - 794155
Pterional Craniotomy4057 - 8613332477 - 706200
Suboccipital Craniotomy4073 - 8601332601 - 707755
  • Address: Aster CMI Hospital, Hebbal Bangalore, National Highway 44, Sahakar Nagar, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
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About the Craniotomy

Craniotomy surgery is one of the most common types of brain surgery conducted to treat a brain tumor. It mainly aims at removing a lesion, tumor, or a blood clot in the brain by opening a flap above the brain to access the targeted area. This flap is removed on a temporary basis and again put in place when the surgery is done. Around 90 percent of the cases of brain tumors are diagnosed in adults aged between 55 and 65. Among children, a brain tumor is diagnosed within an age range of 3 to 12 years.

Craniotomy procedures are conducted with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to reach the location precisely in the brain that requires treatment. A three-dimensional image for the same is achieved of the brain in conjunction with localizing frames and computers to view a tumor properly. A clear distinction is made between abnormal or tumor tissue and normal healthy tissue and to access the exact location of the abnormal tissue.

Who requires a craniotomy?

In a minimally invasive craniotomy procedure, a burr hole or a keyhole may be created to access the brain to fulfill the following purposes:

  • To drain out cerebrospinal fluid in case of hydrocephalus by inserting a shunt into the ventricles
  • To treat Parkinson’s disease by inserting a deep brain stimulator (DBS)
  • To insert an intracranial pressure monitor
  • To conduct needle biopsy, where a small sample of abnormal tissue is removed for study
  • For stereotactic hematoma aspiration, in which a blood clot is drained out
  • For insertion of an endoscope to clip aneurysms and for the removal of small tumors

When there are complex craniotomies involved, the procedure may be referred to as a skull base surgery.  In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the skull is removed from the bottom of the brain. This is the region where delicate arteries, veins, and cranial nerves exit the skull. Complicated planning is done to plan such craniotomies and understand the location of the lesions. This type of approach is usually employed for:

  • The removal or treatment of large brain tumors and aneurysm in the brain
  • Treatment after a skull fracture or major injury like a gunshot
  • The removal of a malignant tumor affecting the bony skull

Primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors. Primary ones are found to originate very close to the brain itself or in the tissues very close to it, such as the covering membranes of the brain, including the meninges, cranial nerves, pineal, or pituitary gland. It begins with normal cells, which at a later period undergoes some mutational errors in their DNA. The mutation triggers cells to grow and divide at a very high rate while healthy cells keep dying around it. This results in a mass of abnormal cells which gives rise to a tumor. Unlike primary tumors, the secondary tumors begin as cancer elsewhere and spread to the brain.

Symptoms of brain tumor

  • Different patterns of a headache
  • Headaches get more frequent and acutely painful
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision
  • Loss of sensation in the arm or any leg gradually
  • Balance difficulty
  • Speech problems with confusion in simple matters
  • Hearing problems
  • Personality change
  • Sudden seizures and attacks or bouts of pain

Types of Craniotomy

No matter what the goal of the surgery is, it is best to ensure that the incision is made to address the intracranial lesion keeping some principles in mind. A wide variety of intracranial processes can be done via a craniotomy with a different variety of incisions. Some of these variations include frontal craniotomy, pterional craniotomy, temporal craniotomy, decompression craniectomy, and suboccipital craniotomy.

How is Craniotomy performed?

  • An intravenous line is first placed in the arm and general anaesthesia is employed while the patient lies on the operating table.
  • When the patient is no more awake, the head is placed in a 3-pin skull fixing the device. This is attached to a table and keeps the head in a fixed position all throughout the procedure.
  • An insertion of a lumbar drain is made in the lower back to drain out the cerebrospinal fluid. A relaxation drug for the brain named mannitol can be administered at this stage.
  • With an antiseptic, the skull is prepared and an incision is made usually behind the hairline. A good cosmetic result is achieved after the surgery and a hair sparing technique, which requires shaving only one-fourth inch-wide area along the incision proposed is aimed. At times, the total area of the incision may be shaved.
  • The skin and muscles are then removed from the bone and folded back, burr holes are made in the skull using a drill.
  • A saw is introduced through the holes made and cuts the bone flap’s outline. The protective covering of the brain named dura is exposed after the craniotome (the saw) removes the bone flap. This bone flap is kept aside securely to be attached back again after the surgery.
  • Once the dura is opened with surgical scissors, the surgeon folds it back to access the brain. There are retractors placed on the brain to have a corridor opened gently in the brain to address the region requiring removal or repair. 
  • Loupes are used by neurosurgeons, which are special magnifying glasses or an operating microscope to get a view of the delicate nerves and vessels.
  • The brain is very tightly enclosed within the skull and hence, removal of tissues cannot be done easily to repair problems.
  • Therefore, a variety of tools and instruments are employed to work in the deep circuits of the brain like drills, lasers, ultrasonic aspirators (used to break tumours and have the pieces suctioned), dissectors, long handled scissors, and of course computer-aided guidance.
  • Evoked potential monitoring may also be employed to stimulate the specific cranial nerves and the responses generated are monitored. This step ensures that the nerves are functioning properly and not getting damaged as a result of the surgery.
  • After the problem is rectified, the retractors are released and dura is closed along with sutures and the bone flap is placed in its original position and secured with titanium screws and plates. These screws and plates remain permanently in place to support the region and can be felt under the skin.
  • A drain can also be kept as is for some time. It helps collect blood and fluids from the area that is subjected to the surgery. T
  • he skin and muscles are sutured together and a soft turban-like adhesive is placed as dressing over the incision.

Recovery from Craniotomy

  • The patient is shifted to a recovery room where vital signs are monitored after he or she is in complete senses and the effect of the anaesthesia completely wears off.
  • Drowsiness, nausea, and headache are common in craniotomy recovery surgery. Hands, fingers, and toes must be moved frequently to avoid the formation of blood clots.
  • Anticonvulsant medications may be provided and a nurse may keep asking simple questions to figure out alertness.
  • Hospital stay varies from two to three days or even two weeks, depending on the complications that may result.
  • After discharge, keep away from strenuous activities. Some exercises may be prescribed for the slow movement of head and neck.
  • You should notify your doctor about any increase in temperature or infection observed at the sites of the incision. Bathing instructions should be strictly followed.
  • It almost takes around two to eight weeks for complete recovery. Keep visiting your doctor for follow-up checkup or as instructed. Contact your doctor immediately in case of loss of mental function, stroke, seizure, or nerve damage.

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