Total hip replacement surgery also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure conducted to replace the damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial joint or prosthesis. The hip prosthesis contains the following three components:
A stem, which fits into the thigh bone
A ball that fits into the stem
A cup which is inserted into the socket of the hip joint
The two types of prostheses used in the total hip replacement surgery include cemented and uncemented prostheses. A combination of both is sometimes used during the surgery, depending on the recommendation made by the patient.
The hip joint surgery is conducted in patients when other non-surgical and surgical alternatives fail to work and relieve the patient of the terrible hip pain. A successful hip joint surgery ensures increased mobility, improved function of the hip joint, and pain-free movement.