Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) or Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by a malformation in all the four pulmonary veins that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the atrium. The malformation is such that the veins do not connect to the left atrium perfectly.
In case of TAPVC, the four pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium because of an anomalous connection. There are different TAPVC types, depending on where and how the pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium. The common TAPVC types include supracariac, cardiac, and infracardiac TAPVC.
All types of TAPVC are corrected with the help of a surgery, which is conducted during infancy itself. Additionally, all types of TAPVC almost always have an atrial septal defect (ASD), which requires a separated surgery for its closure. An ASD is a hole between the upper two chambers of the heart. As a result, some amount of oxygenated blood from the right atrium is transferred to the left atrium and out from the body.
TAPVC is detected as soon as the baby is born or even before. The following are some of the main TAPVC symptoms:
TAPVC repair is conducted as soon as the condition is diagnosed, which may happen during pregnancy or after the birth of the baby. However, the exact time as to when the repair is conducted depends on the overall health of the baby. During TAPVC repair, the neonatal cardiac surgeons connect the pulmonary veins to the back of the left atrium to restore the normal flow of blood to the heart. Additionally, they also close off any abnormal connection between the pulmonary veins. The TAPVC repair procedure does not end there. The last step in the repair mostly includes the closure of the ASD. Prior to the surgery, the body of the child is connected to an artificial heart-lung machine. The machine is disconnected as soon as the normal beating of the heart is restored after making doing all the corrective repairs.
TAPVC repair success rate is excellent with over 95 percent success rate in children who are treated electively. A child or an adult may undergo TAPVR surgery successfully, however, that does not mean that it is fully cured. They will have to attend follow-up appointments with the surgeon in the future on a regular basis. The success rate, on the other hand, is low when the procedure is conducted on an emergency basis in critically-ill infants. Even if infants do survive after undergoing emergency TAPVC repair procedure, they will be kept under a prolonged post-surgery intensive care. They are also put on a ventilator machine to assist breathing.
Even is the repair is successfully handled, the patient is required to attend follow-up session with the surgeon for the rest of your life. During the follow-up appointments, the surgeon will check the progress and keep a tap on health conditions that may develop as the child grows into an adult. Most of the children who undergo TAPVC repair and ASD closure are able to grow and develop normally. Abnormal cardiac rhythm and obstruction in the pulmonary veins are the two post-surgical complications that may rarely occur.
The cost of TAPVC in Thailand may differ from one medical facility to the other. The top hospitals for TAPVC in Thailand covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The comprehensive TAPVC package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. There are many things that may increase the cost of TAPVC in Thailand, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
Upon discharge from the hospital after TAPVC in Thailand, the patients are advised to stay for about 18 days for recovery. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
While Thailand is considered to be one of the best destinations for TAPVC owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for TAPVC as well:
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the TAPVC cost. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Thailand that offer TAPVC include the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 3 days after TAPVC for monitoring and care. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 5 hospitals that offer TAPVC in Thailand. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
The Thai healthcare system has abundance of resources, from technological, human resources and financial resources. Thailand has a combination of a strong public healthcare system and private healthcare system which work together make a solid foundation. The quality of healthcare and its standards are maintained by the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation (HQIA) as it gives Thai HA Accreditation to healthcare organisations in Thailand. Not only these criteria but even the service delivery levels are maintained through the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation.
The Thai healthcare system is based on the personal touch they provide to their patients and the adherence to providing excellent clinical care. The option of having several specialties at one place makes it easy for any medical traveller to compare and explore their treatment options within several hospitals. The globally recognised specialists provide the best treatment to patients and this makes them reliable. There are several high performing multispecialty hospitals in Thailand such as :
Thailand draws a number of international medical travellers to its shores and this makes it an important health tourism destination. Thailand hospitals have International patient services in their topmost multipsecialty hospitals which makes it easy for the medical travelers to travel to Thailand and get treated. You will get Interpreters, International medical coordinators, concierge services, embassy and airport transfer assistance and International insurance coordination in one place. Thai healthcare systems are known to give the entire specturm of treatment options, be it aesthetic procedures or tertiary care processes.
Thailand has always been considered to be a one of the top medical destinations in the world. Their doctors and surgeons are considered to be on par with the world's best medical specialists. The skills and experience of Thai doctors have long been equated with excellence. Innovation aiding medical care implementation has ensured that the quality of doctors in Thailand is unmatched. They work with a host of international patients who have found solace and comfort.
Make a checklist of all the documents that you need as you begin preparing for your Thailand visit. Travel documents, medical documents and ready finances are needed for your Thailand visit The required documents are outlined here:
There are many reasons that make Thailand a medical tourism hub. It not only has tourist attractions but provides medical treatment at affordable costs. Some of the popular procedures available in Thailand are as follows:
Planning an international travel is incomplete without the necessary immunisations and vaccinations. Even medical travellers coming to Thailand must get protected from potential health hazards. Let us look at the vaccinations recommended by CDC and WHO that you need to get. Japanese Encephalitis, Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis), Chickenpox, Shingles, Pneumonia, Influenza, Rabies, Meningitis, Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, Cholera and Yellow Fever.
Healthcare infrastructure in Thailand is well equipped with the latest technological advancements. Your travel, transfer and accomodation needs are coordinated at the center for International patients at Thailand hospitals. Integrated medical support services and emergency services are present at Thailand hospitals. There are a variety of medical facilities available in Thailand hospitals such as radiology services, operating theaters, Intensive care units, cardiac care units, diagnostic laboratory and pharmacies.
The high standards of medical facilities and the toursim potential of the various destinations make Thailand a good medical tourism destination. The affordable costs of various treatments means you can combine your holiday with getting treatment done at prices much lower than just the treatment costs in many countries. Healthcare facilities in addition to a strong cultural identity , natural beauty and rich history ensure Thailand has a strong medical tourism potential. We can safely say that Phuket and Bangkok are the most attractive medical tourism destinations in Thailand.
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