Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection(TAPVC) which is also known as the total anomalous pulmonary venous return is an infrequent cyanotic congenital heart defect in which all of the four pulmonary veins are malpositioned and make atypical connections to the systemic venous circulation.
This is a defect in the veins which leads from the lungs to the heart. In TAPVC, the blood fails to take the normal route from the lungs to the heart and out to the body. Rather, the veins from the lungs attach to the heart in abnormal positions and this problem means that oxygenated blood enters or it starts leaking into the wrong chamber.
This defect is surgically repaired, at the time of open-heart surgery, the pulmonary veins are reconnected to the left atrium and the atrial septal defect is sealed. The surgical redirection can be performed within the first month of life. All of the four pulmonary veins are reconnected to the left atrium, and any linked heart defects such as atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, patent foramen ovale, and patent ductus arteriosus are surgically closed.
TAPVC surgery is performed by a Cardiologist. To become a cardiologist one may have to graduate from a university, then four more years of education at the medical school. After that, the medical license is obtained. The next three years involves training with a residency in internal medicine and then one must complete a cardiology fellowship that lasts for another three years.
Singapore offers the best hospitals like Mount Elizabeth Hospital and Thomson Medical Center, amongst the other well-equipped hospitals and highly trained cardiologists who have gone under extensive training and are highly competent like Dr. Ong Kim Kiat and Dr. Sriram Shankar.
The cost of surgery range is around 5000 USD to 8500 USD, it is comparatively less than countries like the UK and US and has laudable services and facilities.
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