Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart disorder first diagnosed or observed during the first few weeks or months of the surgery. This condition is characterized by the persistence of a normal fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, which may allow the flow of some of the oxygenated blood back to the lungs instead of the body.
This connection is naturally present in the fetus during pregnancy. It is, in fact, present at the time of birth as well But it closes off on its own within a few days.
During pregnancy, all of the oxygen demand of the fetus is met through the placenta. Therefore, there is no need for the blood to go through the lungs for oxygenation. However, a connection is necessary to let oxygenated blood bypass the lungs of the fetus and reach the body. This connection is known as ductus arteriosus (DA).
As soon as the baby is born, the lungs take over the functioning of the connection and start purifying the blood. The problem arises when the connection does not close on its own within a few days after the birth. This condition is known as PDA.
The exact reason why DA remains open (patent) is some infants is still unknown. However, girls are twice as likely to suffer from PDA as boys. Additionally, PDA may occur in combination with other heart defects as well.
PDA, if left untreated, may lead to a number of complications. Because of the flow of oxygenated blood from the aorta to the pulmonary artery and the mixing of blood, the vessels of the lungs have to handle a large amount of blood. The larger the volume of blood that enters the pulmonary artery, the greater they have to cope with the increased pressure. This may lead to long-term damage to the lungs.
PDA may cause no symptoms at all in some children. However, the following are some of the symptoms experienced by a majority of children with PDA:
PDA closure is performed under the influence of general anaesthetic (GA) using the heart catheterization procedure. During the closure, the surgeon places a closure device into the catheter.
A typical PDA closure device is made up of mesh and metal material. It is a short tube with discs of different sizes in both its ends. The device is folder before its insertion into the catheter. The device is moved out of the catheter upon reaching the right place. One of the appropriate discs opens up when the device is moved out of the catheter. It’s acts like a plug and seals off the PDA, stopping the flow of oxygenated blood to the pulmonary artery.
The catheter is usually inserted into a blood vessel in the groin region. The catheter is gently moved up to reach the site of PDA. The closure device is threaded through to reach the PDA site and is placed in the targeted position. Once the device is in place, the catheter is withdrawn and the site of catheter insertion is bandaged.
The procedure takes anywhere from one to three hours to complete. As soon as the procedure is over, the child is transferred to the recovery room and is kept there as long as the effect of the GA fades off. Most of the children are discharged on the same day as that of PDA closure procedure. However, they will be required to stay in the hospital for at least four to six hours after the surgery.
Some children, however, will be required to stay in the hospital overnight. They are transferred to the inpatient unit after the effect of the GA is over. A chest X-ray is conducted the next day in the case of all patients to check the position of the closure device. Children who are discharged on the same day of the procedure must be brought to the hospital again in the next morning for the X-ray.
The surgeon may prescribe a few antibiotics after the surgery to prevent heart infection known as infectious endocarditis. It is common for premature infants or infants with larger PDA to become tired feeding. Therefore, care must be taken to high-calorie formula or breast milk to them for normal growth and development.
The average cost of PDA Closure in Turkey starts from USD 7500 PDA Closure in Turkey is available across many hospitals in different states.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of PDA Closure in Turkey. The top hospitals for PDA Closure in Turkey covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The PDA Closure cost in Turkey includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of PDA Closure in Turkey.
Upon discharge from the hospital after PDA Closure in Turkey, the patients are advised to stay for about 18 days for recovery. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Apart from the PDA Closure cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Turkey that offer PDA Closure include the following:
The patient has to spend about 3 days in the hospital after PDA Closure for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
The average rating for PDA Closure hospitals in Turkey is 3.6. Several parameters such as hospital infrastructure, pricing policy, quality of services, politeness of staff etc. contribute to the rating.
There are more than 38 hospitals that offer PDA Closure in Turkey. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require PDA Closure. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
Turkey has been globally recognized as a therapeutic center, where patients get world-class treatments at reasonable costs. The country has a large pool of world-class multispecialty hospitals that offer unmatched medical treatments with high success rates and can deal with more than one specialty and offer all kinds of surgeries. Most of the hospitals have received accreditations from global platforms which ensure that the hospitals not only perform evidence based practices but also give importance to access, affordability, efficiency, quality and effectiveness of healthcare. There are several renowned multispecialty hospitals in Turkey and these are:
Hospitals in Turkey are following the quality standards set by Joint Commission International (JCI), which is the major healthcare accrediting body in the country. All the accredited hospitals in Turkey make sure they meet the international healthcare quality standards. The standards provide a strong framework for quality assurance by hospitals and focus on the quality of care and patient safety. The standards help set a quality benchmark for hospitals to ensure safe and quality treatment.
Factors like excellent healthcare infrastructure, world-class hospitals, best doctors, and advanced Turkey technology are some of the reasons which make Hungary one of most favored destinations for seeking treatment. Other factors which contribute to the popularity of medical tourism in Turkey are low consultation fee, low-cost medical treatments, and cheap medicines. The country has some of the finest hospitals of the world that offer unmatched treatment at an affordable cost and strive to provide Western-standardized care to their patients. Doctors in Turkey are well-qualified and many of them are trained in America and Europe who prefer to practice in Turkey.
Turkey has some of the finest doctors in the world who have delivered excellent results, ensuring complete patient satisfaction. The highly qualified doctors have been educated at premier educational institutions where they have rigorous training. Doctors in Turkey have deep subject knowledge and their skill set and area of expertise are vast. Board-certified doctors deliver high-quality care to their patients and have the ability to practice at the top of their profession.
When traveling to Turkey for medical treatment, you need to carry documents like medical History, test reports, records, doctor referral notes, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance. Packing is important when it comes traveling to another country for medical treatment.Packing is important when it comes traveling to another country for medical treatment. Make a list of all the essential things you might need during your stay in Turkey. The required documents may vary as per your destination, so check with the concerned authority if any extra items needed.
Some of the popular procedures available at hospitals and clinics in Turkey are:
The popular procedures in Turkey are available at an affordable price and have a success rate. With best-in-class doctors, the hospitals in Turkey offer world-class treatments in almost every therapeutic areas. Hospitals in Turkey are equipped with the most advanced medical technology and highly experienced doctors, making the country the best destination for availing popular procedures.
Some of the most popular medical tourist destinations in Turkey are Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya. Thousands of medical tourists visit these cities every year for availing treatment at the best hospitals which provide affordable medical care with world-class facilities, excellent patient care. Turkey has become one of the top medical tourism destinations with a number of world-class cities that have state-of-art infrastructure, the best transportation systems, and a wide range of food options. With cities full of mesmerizing sandy beaches and long history, Turkey is regarded as one of the popular tourist destinations.
Hospitals in Turkey offer world-class facilities to international patients to ensure safety and comfort throughout their stay in Turkey. Hospitals in Turkey offer all necessary facilities, such as visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and multiple food options. Hospitals in Turkey help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Yes, the hospitals in Turkey accept health insurance. You need to intimate your hospital in case you have any health insurance plan that is internationally valid. The hospital will request the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance directly to commence your treatment cashless if it is an approved insurance provider. The hospital will request the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance directly to commence your treatment cashless if it is an approved insurance provider.
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