Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart disorder first diagnosed or observed during the first few weeks or months of the surgery. This condition is characterized by the persistence of a normal fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, which may allow the flow of some of the oxygenated blood back to the lungs instead of the body.
This connection is naturally present in the fetus during pregnancy. It is, in fact, present at the time of birth as well But it closes off on its own within a few days.
During pregnancy, all of the oxygen demand of the fetus is met through the placenta. Therefore, there is no need for the blood to go through the lungs for oxygenation. However, a connection is necessary to let oxygenated blood bypass the lungs of the fetus and reach the body. This connection is known as ductus arteriosus (DA).
As soon as the baby is born, the lungs take over the functioning of the connection and start purifying the blood. The problem arises when the connection does not close on its own within a few days after the birth. This condition is known as PDA.
The exact reason why DA remains open (patent) is some infants is still unknown. However, girls are twice as likely to suffer from PDA as boys. Additionally, PDA may occur in combination with other heart defects as well.
PDA, if left untreated, may lead to a number of complications. Because of the flow of oxygenated blood from the aorta to the pulmonary artery and the mixing of blood, the vessels of the lungs have to handle a large amount of blood. The larger the volume of blood that enters the pulmonary artery, the greater they have to cope with the increased pressure. This may lead to long-term damage to the lungs.
PDA may cause no symptoms at all in some children. However, the following are some of the symptoms experienced by a majority of children with PDA:
PDA closure is performed under the influence of general anaesthetic (GA) using the heart catheterization procedure. During the closure, the surgeon places a closure device into the catheter.
A typical PDA closure device is made up of mesh and metal material. It is a short tube with discs of different sizes in both its ends. The device is folder before its insertion into the catheter. The device is moved out of the catheter upon reaching the right place. One of the appropriate discs opens up when the device is moved out of the catheter. It’s acts like a plug and seals off the PDA, stopping the flow of oxygenated blood to the pulmonary artery.
The catheter is usually inserted into a blood vessel in the groin region. The catheter is gently moved up to reach the site of PDA. The closure device is threaded through to reach the PDA site and is placed in the targeted position. Once the device is in place, the catheter is withdrawn and the site of catheter insertion is bandaged.
The procedure takes anywhere from one to three hours to complete. As soon as the procedure is over, the child is transferred to the recovery room and is kept there as long as the effect of the GA fades off. Most of the children are discharged on the same day as that of PDA closure procedure. However, they will be required to stay in the hospital for at least four to six hours after the surgery.
Some children, however, will be required to stay in the hospital overnight. They are transferred to the inpatient unit after the effect of the GA is over. A chest X-ray is conducted the next day in the case of all patients to check the position of the closure device. Children who are discharged on the same day of the procedure must be brought to the hospital again in the next morning for the X-ray.
The surgeon may prescribe a few antibiotics after the surgery to prevent heart infection known as infectious endocarditis. It is common for premature infants or infants with larger PDA to become tired feeding. Therefore, care must be taken to high-calorie formula or breast milk to them for normal growth and development.
The cost of PDA Closure in South Korea may differ from one medical facility to the other. The top hospitals for PDA Closure in South Korea covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The PDA Closure procedure in South Korea includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of PDA Closure in South Korea.
Many hospitals in South Korea perform PDA Closure. Some of the best hospitals for PDA Closure in South Korea include the following:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 18 days in the country after discharge. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
South Korea is one of the most popular countries for PDA Closure in the world. The country offers the best cost of PDA Closure, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for PDA Closure include the following:
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the PDA Closure cost. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
PDA Closure in South Korea is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
After PDA Closure, the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer PDA Closure in South Korea. These clinics have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to PDA Closure Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
Korea Institute for Healthcare Accreditation (KOHIA) and Commission International (JCI) are the two main healthcare accreditation bodies in South Korea. There are 29 JCI accredited hospitals in South Korea and the organization has a strong quality framework that the accredited hospitals need to follow. KOIHA evaluates a healthcare facility based on parameters, such as performance management, administrative management and quality of patient care. JCI and KOIHA certified hospitals need to follow the standards that require strict monitoring of all critical events so that quality care is ensured.
South Korea is considered one of the top destinations for medical tourists with superior infrastructure and most advanced medical technologies. Backed by world-class hospitals, South Korea has well-qualified doctors who are highly trained and skilled to handle even the most complicated cases with a high success rate. Proving quality care at an affordable cost, South Korea is declared most innovative in healthcare practices which helps the country to offer a wide range of procedures with excellent results. Some other factors which contribute to the growing popularity of South Korea in medical tourism, are a wide range of food options, scenic value, affordable accommodation, visa availability, transportation facilities, and language assistance.
The well-trained and highly skilled doctors in South Korea use their deep expertise in performing various procedures with a high success rate. Furnished with degrees from premier institutions and decades of experience and training, the doctors have reported high success rates in their professional career. In order to ensure quality medical care and patient safety, the doctors completely adhere to international standards and medical protocols. The doctors focus on preventative medicine to check complications and believe in treating patients with a human touch.
The required essential documents might vary as per your destination, so it is suggested to check with the concerned authority before traveling. Missing any of the mentioned documents might make your travel difficult, so always make a list of all the documents you might need in South Korea. You might also need some other documents like travel insurance paper, currency/forex card, and international SIM card. When you are traveling to South Korea for medical treatment, you should carry essential documents like test reports, records, doctor referral notes, medical History, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance.
The most sought-after procedures in South Korea are
. With the highest number of plastic surgeries per capita on earth, South Korea has a large number of plastic surgery clinics spread all over the country. Other most sought-after procedures available in South Korea are hip and shoulder replacement, cancer treatment, organ transplant, and cardiovascular surgeries. South Korea has come up with advanced techniques for effective cancer treatment like proton therapies and robotic surgery.
The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in South Korea are Seoul, Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Cheonan, and Cheonan. The reasons why these cities are more preferred by medical tourists are state-of-art infrastructure, large number of hospitals, and highly qualified doctors, all contributing to world-class treatment. Some other factors that make these cities popular among medical tourists are transportation facilities, a wide range of food options, cheap accommodation, language assistance. Seoul is mostly popular for plastic surgeries and Gangnam district alone has 500 cosmetic and aesthetic centers.
A person willing to visit South Korea for treatment has to adhere to strict protocols set by the Korean embassy. A candidate has to produce medical records citing medical reasons and the referral certificate signed by the registered medical expert. A medical visa authorizes a person to accompany a patient who is traveling to South Korea for seeking medical treatment. A declaration from the patient or a family member, along with all documents explaining the details of the treatment signed and stamped by the concerned hospitals/doctors is required.
South Korea is known to have world-class multispecialty hospitals, such as:
Equipped with modern equipment and the latest medical technologies, the multispecialty hospitals in South Korea are backed by the modern infrastructure to provide world-class treatment. The hospitals are committed to delivering quality medical care by ensuring that healthcare standards and protocols are strictly followed. With a wide range of specialities, the hospitals have reported high success rates with the help of highly-experienced doctors who are capable of performing even the most complex surgeries with high accuracy and precision.
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