Angioplasty cost in South Africa

About Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to correct the blood flow through the artery, The blood flow may be restricted due to an obstruction or most commonly because of arterial atherosclerosis, that is, the thickening of the arterial wall because of deposits.

Angioplasty is sometimes also known as percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or balloon angioplasty. During the procedure, a thin tube or catheter is passed through the blood vessel in the groin or arm area to reach the site of narrowing or blockage. A stent or a balloon is attached to the tip of the catheter. After placing the stent or inflating the balloon, the interventional cardiologist withdraws the catheter.

When is Angioplasty required?

There are different types of angioplasty procedures and each type has a clear indication on when it should be performed. Angioplasty cost also varies as per the type of procedure performed. 

The common types of angioplasty and their indications are as follows:

Coronary Angioplasty: It is used in the case of stenosis of narrowing of the coronary artery in the heart due to plaque build-up, leading to unstable angina causing symptoms such as chest pain and functional limitations.

Peripheral Angioplasty: It is used to open the narrowing of other arteries other than the coronary arteries. Examples may include arteries in the abdomen, leg, and kidney.

Carotid Angioplasty: It is used to treat carotid artery stenosis, the main artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain and face.

Factors Affecting the Cost of Angioplasty

The following factors affect angioplasty cost:

  • Location of stenosis
  • Reason for stenosis
  • Number of blockages
  • Number of balloons of stent used to clear blockages
  • Experience of the specialist
  • Cath lab charges
  • Hospital charges
  • Doctor’s fee
  • Duration of hospital stay
  • Any unforeseen complications
Treatment and Cost

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About the Angioplasty

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common heart diseases reported across the world. It results due to blood clot formation and plaque accumulation in the major blood vessels of the heart.

Balloon angioplasty is the most common endovascular procedure (procedure performed inside the blood vessel) carried out to treat coronary artery disease. In this procedure, the blood clots in the major arteries of the heart are detected and cleared by inserting a catheter into an artery of the hand (radial artery) or leg (femoral artery). This catheter consists of a balloon at its tip, which dislodges the clot to the periphery of the blood vessel after inflation.

Angioplasty may or may not be followed by coronary stent placement, depending on the angiography findings. This procedure is performed in patients with fewer blood clots in the vessels and those who do not respond to medications. It may also be carried out as an emergency procedure to treat a heart attack.

Signs and symptoms of plaque deposits in the heart

  • Fatigue and dizziness due to insufficient blood supply to the tissues and overall decreased efficacy of the heart
  • Shortness of breath to compensate for inadequate pumping of the blood
  • Compromised blood flow to the heart resulting in heart attack, characterized by pain in the chest, lower jaw, and left arm

How is Angioplasty performed?

A heart bypass surgery is different from coronary stent placement or a simple balloon angioplasty. The latter is performed in the cardiac catheterization lab at the hospital.

The following steps are involved in a typical balloon angioplasty procedure:

Step 1: Placing the patient on oral sedatives

Step 2: Administration of general anaesthesia

Step 3: Incision at the femoral artery or radial artery

Step 4: Insertion of catheter into the artery through incision

Step 5: Guiding the catheter up to the base of coronary artery

Step 6: Insertion of a guidewire from within the catheter into the artery up to the site of blood clot

Step 7: Insertion of contrast dye through the catheter

Step 8: Checking for the blocks through radiograph

Step 9: Identifying the pinpoint location of the blood clot

Step 10: Passage of guide wire through catheter just beyond the region of clot

Step 11: Inflating and deflating the balloon till normal blood flow is obtained from the vessel

Step 12: Stabilizing the stent in place

Step 13: Retrieving the catheter

Recovery from Angioplasty

  • You should drink plenty of fluids after the procedure. This will help the contrast dye injected into your body to dissociate easily.
  • Avoid smoking for at least one to two days after the procedure to accelerate your body’s healing ability and reduce heart stent recovery time.
  • Till two days after the procedure, avoid walking or standing for a long time
  • If you have a stent placed, avoid vigorous exercises for up to 30 days after the procedure. Doing so will interfere with heart stent recovery time.

Contraindications: You may not be suggested to undergo balloon angioplasty if the access vessel (femoral or radial artery) is of insufficient size and quality.

Recovery time: You will be discharged from the hospital in one day. But you should avoid strenuous activities for one month after being discharged from the hospital. 

Prognosis: According to research, 79 percent of the people who receive the stent after a balloon angioplasty are relieved from angina for up to 5 years.

Benefits:

  • Simple procedure with faster recovery
  • Fewer chances of stroke during the procedure
  • Fewer chances of infection
  • Short time of hospitalization
  • Lower blood loss

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the factors affecting the cost of Angioplasty in South Africa?

Angioplasty package cost in South Africa has different inclusions and exclusions. The top hospitals for Angioplasty in South Africa covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. Typically, the package cost of Angioplasty in South Africa includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. There are many things that may increase the cost of Angioplasty in South Africa, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.

Which are some of the best hospitals in South Africa for Angioplastyt?

There are several best hospitals for Angioplasty in South Africa. Some of the best hospitals for Angioplasty in South Africa include the following:

  1. Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre
  2. Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital
  3. Life Kingsbury Hospital
How many days does it take to recover post Angioplasty in South Africa?

After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 18 days in the country for complete recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.

Which are some of the other popular destinations for Angioplasty?

South Africa is considered to be one of the best places for Angioplasty in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Angioplasty as well:

CountryCost
CzechiaUSD 8000
GreeceUSD 8000
IndiaUSD 3100
IsraelUSD 18000
MalaysiaUSD 9500
PolandUSD 6000
Saudi ArabiaUSD 9500
SingaporeUSD 14000
South KoreaUSD 18500
SpainUSD 19500
SwitzerlandUSD 12500
ThailandUSD 10600
TunisiaUSD 6100
TurkeyUSD 4500
United Arab EmiratesUSD 11000
How much are the other expenses in South Africa apart from the cost of Angioplasty?

There are certain expenses additional to the Angioplasty cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in South Africa per person are about USD 50 per person.

Which are the best cities in South Africa for Angioplasty Procedure?

The following are some of the best cities for Angioplasty in South Africa:

  1. Lenasia
  2. Johannesburg
  3. Cape Town
  4. Durban
How many days does one have to spend in the hospital for Angioplasty in South Africa?

The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 2 days after Angioplasty for monitoring and care. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.

What is the average rating of Hospitals in South Africa offering Angioplasty?

The average rating for Angioplasty hospitals in South Africa is 2.9. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.

How many hospitals offer Angioplasty in South Africa?

There are more than 3 hospitals that offer Angioplasty in South Africa. Such clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.

FAQ's Related to South Africa

Which are the popular multispecialty hospital groups in South Africa?

South Africa is one of the leading medical tourism destinations with top hospitals, such as:

  1. Ahmed Al-Kadi Private Hospital
  2. Busamed Hillcrest Private Hospital
  3. Busamed Gateway Private Hospital
  4. Busamed Modderfontein Private Hospital
  5. Busamed Lowveld Hospital
  6. Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre
  7. Busamed Paardevlei Private Hospital
  8. Life Bay View Private Hospital
  9. Lenmed Shifa Hospital

The performance of these hospitals have been evaluated on the below parameters:

  1. Providing clear information about medicines to patients
  2. Effective engagement between nursing staff/doctors and patients;
  3. Suitability of the hospital environment for meeting the needs of patients
  4. Effectively managing pain.

Providing world-class treatment, the hospitals comply with strict healthcare laws and also adhere to medical protocols and international standards to ensure quality care. The patient-centric hospitals are equipped with superior infrastructure, high-tech medical equipment, and highly trained and qualified doctors, providing a unique patient experience.

What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in South Africa?

The healthcare system in South Africa is accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI) and Council for Health Service Accreditation of Southern Africa (COHSASA). To ensure that integrated and coordinated care is provided, COHSASA develops as well as measures standards in all areas and departments of a healthcare facility. COHSASA, JCI, and SafeCare Foundation have come together to launch the SafeCare program to implement internationally recognized standards to improve health care delivery. Hospitals and clinics that initially and meet standards are awarded two-year accreditations and as the journey in excellence continues, awards of longer duration are given.

Why should I opt for healthcare in South Africa?

South Africa is gaining global attention for medical tourism due to affordable treatment costs and world-class infrastructure. South Africa’s growing popularity in medical tourism is also attributed to factors like a large pool of accredited hospitals, advanced technology, world-class facilities provided by hospitals, global exposure of doctors. In addition, South Africa’s liberal laws allow for the use of stem cells in medical practice, making it an invaluable destination for patients in need of advanced medical treatment. The hospitals in South Africa strive to take the stress out of your medical holiday by helping you with all kinds of organization and administrative tasks, as well as provide all-inclusive care and assistance on a 24/7 basis.

How is the quality of doctors in South Africa?

With quality at their core, the well-trained and highly qualified doctors in South Africa provide world-class treatment. Majority of doctors in South Africa have received rigorous training in countries like Cuba and Australia which makes them competent in dealing with even the most complicated cases with great ease. The doctors have reported a high success rate in dental procedures and fertility treatments. There are several reasons why South Africa has a large pool of quality doctors, such as education at reputed colleges, compliance with global standards, using human touch in treatment, and adopting a patient-centric approach.

How to obtain a medical visa in South Africa?

You can avail a medical visa to South Africa and stay in the country for 90 days to seek treatment. Further extension of the duration of the stay is decided by the High Commission of the country where the patient belongs from. People who require medical treatment for longer than three months must apply for a temporary residency permit. The validity of a visa begins the same day it is issued by the High Commission in South Africa. A visa application is accepted until 30 days prior to the departure date. Below documents are required for applying for a medical visa:

  1. Passport
  2. Passport-sized photographs
  3. Online Application form
  4. Full return flight reservation
  5. Proof of stay in South Africa
  6. Signed official medical letter from medical institution
  7. Signed medical letter from a recognized local practitioner
What are the popular procedures available in South Africa?

South Africa is known to offer some procedures with high success rates, such as total knee replacement, meniscus repairs, hip replacement, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Some other procedures which have gained popularity in South Africa are cosmetic surgery and infertility treatment. Egg donation program is available at the majority of fertility clinics and you can opt for a surgical or non-surgical procedure, with quite low waiting times. People select South Africa to avail these procedures due to several reasons, such as world-class hospitals with superior infrastructure and highly-skilled doctors, fast recovery, and use of cutting-edge medical technology.

Which are the most popular cities in South Africa for medical treatment?

The top-ranked cities that are most preferred by medical tourists in South Africa are Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria, and Durban. Cape Town is the medical tourism hub visited by a large number of people from different ethnicity and cultures due to world-class doctors and state-of-the-art hospitals. Besides providing quality treatment, these cities are also known for having a better public transportation system, cheap hotels, and connectivity through airlines. Healthcare in Johannesburg is similar to Great Britain’s health care, and the city’s public and private healthcare sectors work hand in hand with South Africa's medical schools to create internationally recognized medical specialists.

Is it mandatory to take vaccinations before going to South Africa?

Yes, vaccination is mandatory before you travel to South Africa. Some of the vaccines recommended by WHO and the National Travel Health Network and Centre are Yellow fever, hepatitis A, rabies and tetanus, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera. Infants of age 6 to 11 months should get a single dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before they travel to South Africa. Typhoid vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas. Vaccination guidelines change with time, so keep yourself updated with the travel advisory released by the government. You can also check with doctors or hospitals in South Africa for the required vaccines.

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