Microdiscectomy is a type of neurosurgery that is also known as microdecompression. During this procedure, a small part of the bone decompressing the nerve root or the spinal cord is removed to relieve pain arising out of the condition. This procedure is considered to be more effective in the treatment of leg pain or sciatica arising out of compression of nerve root than the lower back pain. This treatment provides immediate relief from pain.
Although microdiscectomy is a neurological procedure, it also involves a highly experienced orthopedic surgeon. There are several hospitals in Turkey that conduct this highly specialized neurosurgery. Microdiscectomy in Turkey is opted by several patients from around the world who suffer from nerve root compression arising out of herniation. This is because of the quality of medical services offered by the hospitals in Turkey and the availability of the latest technology and highly qualified doctors.
The cost of herniated lumbar disk treatment in Turkey is $5,486, whereas the cost of microdiscectomy in Croatia, Germany, the USA, and the UK is $6,729, $12,337, $28,038 and $16,823 respectively. Turkey provides treatment on low cost with excellent hospital infrastructure, availability of experienced surgeons and highly professional paramedical staff and latest and advanced equipment. Hospitals of Turkey also provide rehabilitation facilities for accelerated recovery.
Microdiscectomy is also known as microdecompression or cervical microdiscectomy. It is one of the most commonly performed spine surgery procedures.
Microdiscectomy or cervical microdiscectomy is preferred for patients with a lumbar herniated disc. The main goal of a discectomy is to relieve the pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing the material causing the pain. Traditionally, this purpose was solved by an open technique called lumbar discectomy surgery, which involves making a large incision to cut some of the back muscles, leading to a slow and painful recovery. Nowadays, an advanced form of surgery called microdiscectomy can achieve the same goal that too with the help of a small incision and fewer injury to back muscles. As a result, the recovery takes less time and is less painful. A special microscope is used in microdiscectomy to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller incision, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.
Sciatica is a condition caused by compression of the spinal nerve, which generally results in chronic pain in the legs of the patients. This compression of the spinal nerve is frequently the result of a herniated lumbar disc. As a herniagrows, the damaged tissue extends into the spinal column and pushes on the nerves. This condition causes the nerves to send pain signals to the brain and the brain interprets the pain source to be coming from the legs.
Most commonly, sciatica heals naturally or with the help of medication in a few weeks. But, if sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks after taking oral medicines, patients may benefit from discectomy. Discectomy is also used for the treatment of spondylosis and lumbar spinal stenosis. While spondylosis occurs due to degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae, lumbar spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal leading to nerve compression. The latter may also warrant the need for a spinal stenosis surgery.
Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically performed for rehabilitation of a herniated disc. The same thing is done during microdiscectomy, but with the help of a special microscope. During this procedure, a small part of the bone over the nerve root and disc material under the nerve root is taken out, which finally result in relieving pressure on the spinal nerve column. The microdiscectomy treatment starts by giving general anesthesia to the patient. The patient will be unconscious during the entire surgery and is not able to feel anything. Preoperative intravenous antibiotics are given before the surgery.
The procedure is performed with the patient lying face down, generally using a special operating table with special paddings. The surgical region is cleansed with a cleaning solution. A one-to two-centimeter incision is made directly over the area of the herniated disc. Special retractors and a lighted operating microscope are used to allow the surgeon to see the region of the spine. It helps in minimizing or avoid cutting of the adjacent muscles and tissues.
Before removing a herniated disc, a small piece of bone called lamina is removed from the affected vertebra. This is called a laminotomy, a procedure which allows the surgeon to fully visualize the herniated disc. Small scissor-like tools and grasping instruments are used to remove the protruding disc material. Lastly, the incision area is washed out with sterile water containing antibiotics and the deep fascial layer and subcutaneous layers are closed with a few sutures. The skin is fixed up using special surgical glue and does not require bandages.
The microdiscectomy recovery time is much less than any other invasive procedure. Typically, the patient can expect to leave the hospital within 24 hours of the surgery. Patients may be advised to meet a physical therapist before leaving the hospital. The therapist will instruct the patient on how to reduce twisting and bending of the back. The therapist may advise some exercises to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles around the spine.
Patients are advised not to drive, sit for a prolonged period, lift anything heavy and bend over immediately after the surgery. The patient is able to resume normal activities after two weeks, but they are advised to avoid lifting heavy objects for at least four weeks after the surgery. Full recovery after microdiscectomy procedure takes at least four to six weeks.
Microdiscectomy is a faster pain relief option than nonsurgical treatment in case of a lumbar herniated disc, but it is not significantly clear that whether surgery makes a difference in what treatment may be needed later on.
Some post-microdiscectomy researchers determined that people who have had microdiscectomy have reported similar improvements as other treatments after one year of surgery. Although it is a less invasive procedure in comparison to other treatment such as spinal fusion, microdiscectomy also involves certain risks just like any other surgery.
Some of the common microdiscectomy risks are:
Microdiscectomy is also known as micro decompression. This technique is typically performed by either a neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon. The microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that is used for removing the herniated disc from the vertebral column. Herniated disk compresses the spinal nerve passing through the vertebral column. This pressure on the nerve leads to chronic pain, numbness and reduced quality of life. Microdiscectomy is done by making a small incision and causing minimal tissue damage to the spinal nerve and surrounding tissues.
Vertebral discs are present in between the vertebra of the vertebral column. The function of these discs is to provide cushioning to the spine. Disc has an outer and inner part. The inner contains gels like substance while the outer part is tough. When the gel from inner part leaks though the tough outer parts, the condition is known as a herniated disc. The damaged tissue compresses the nerve leading to pain. Microdiscectomy is required to remove the damaged portion of the disc that is compressing the nerve.
People with the following characters are ideal for microdiscectomy:
The diagnostic tests such as Ct and MRI have revealed the presence of herniated disc.
Leg pain is more severe as compared to back pain.
A person who experiences pain and numbness in legs.
Patient experience loss of sexual function and poor bowel control.
The symptoms are not managed through medications or physiotherapy.
If the person experiences sciatica pain for more than 12 weeks, microdiscectomy may likely to provide relief to such patients.
If the person experiences difficulty in standing or walking
Following are some of the factors that may reduce the complications after surgery:
Normal weight: Patients with normal weight likely to recover more faster for microdiscectomy as compared to obese people. Obese people put increased stress on the vertebral disc.
Nonsmokers: Various studies have been conducted to prove that non-smokers are likely to get fewer complications during an orthopedic surgery as compared to smokers. Further, the rate of healing is faster in non-smokers.
Turkey one of the excellent and favorable destinations for microdiscectomy surgery. Following are some reasons for opting Turkey for microdiscectomy:
Cost: Cost is a major reason for increasing medical tourism in Turkey. In Turkey, hospitals provide medical and surgical treatment at low cost as compared to developed countries.
Surgeons: Turkey has trained and qualified surgeons for performing microdiscectomy with high success rate. Doctors in Turkey provide the best and effective treatment after comprehensive diagnosis. Surgeons are assisted with highly trained and experienced paramedical staff during microdiscectomy.
Good medical infrastructure: Improvement in medical infrastructure is another factor for attracting medical tourist. Hospitals have access to the latest technologies available all over the world for conducting complex surgical procedures like microdiscectomy.
JCI-accredited hospitals: Turkey has a large number of JCI-accredited hospitals. Hospitals which maintain and achieve JCI-accreditation provides best care and safety to the patients and also follow strict European protocols and regulations.
Tourist place: Medical tourists also have the option to visit places of tourist attractions in Turkey such as Patara beach, Bodrum castle, Oludeniz, and Blue mosque among others.
The average rate of microdiscectomy surgery in Turkey is approximately $5500. The cost of microdiscectomy in Turkey is less not because it provided substandard quality of treatment but due to the low operational cost because of the large volume of patients. These factors include the type of hospital, the success rate of the hospital, the experience of doctor and paramedical staff, facilities provided to the patients, any underlying disease diagnosed before, during or after surgery, speed of recovery, the requirement of rehabilitation facilities and follow-up visit charges.
Some of the top JCI-Certified hospitals in Turkey for Microdiscectomy are:
Medicana Konya. Konya, Turkey
LIV Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Kent Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
Medical Park Antalya Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
Memorial Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Memorial Antalya Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Memorial Diyarbakir Hospital, Kayapinar, Turkey
Memorial Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Hizmet Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Memorial Atasehir Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Nejat Akalan, Medipol Mega Hastaneler Kompleksi, Istanbul, Turkey
Ufuk Abacıoğlu, Neolife Medical Center, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. İsmail Hakkı TEKKÖK, Memorial Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Prof. Mahmut AKYÜZ, Memorial Antalya Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
MD Cenk ERMOL, Memorial Antalya Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
Prof. Mehmet TATLI, Memorial Diyarbakir Hospital, Kayapinar, Turkey
MD Adil YILMAZ, Memorial Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
MD Salim Şentürk, Hizmet Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Gökalp SİLAV, memorial Atasehir Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
One of the highly acclaimed destinations for medical tourism, Turkey offers a full range of high quality and affordable medical services. The country is flocked with several top-class multispecialty hospitals which offer top quality medical treatments and are backed by state-of-art medical technology, highly trained and skilled doctors, and excellent facilitates. Hospitals strictly follow the policies set by the government and accreditation bodies to cater to desired needs of patients and to set quality benchmarks in the healthcare industry. The best multispecialty hospitals in Turkey are:
Joint Commission International (JCI) is the major healthcare accrediting body in Turkey. All the accredited hospitals in Turkey make sure they meet the international healthcare quality standards. The standards set a benchmark for quality assurance by hospitals. The standards provide a framework for quality assurance by hospitals and offer a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels and across all functions.
Turkey is one of the top destinations for medical tourism because of several reasons like best healthcare infrastructure, world-class hospitals, advanced medical technology, and best doctors. Some other reasons for the popularity of medical tourism in Turkey are cheap medicines, low consultation fee, low-cost medical treatments, and affordable accommodations. Hospitals and healthcare centers in Turkey meet Western standards of healthcare. Turkey has world-class doctors who have vast experience in multiple disciplines and some of them are trained in America and Europe who prefer to practice in Turkey.
Turkey has some of the finest doctors in the world and the medical fraternity in the country is highly skilled and well-trained. They have received quality education at premier institutions and have comprehensive training. Turkey houses some of the world’s best doctors who ensure excellent treatment results, which is mainly attributed to their deep subject knowledge and holistic treatment approach. Board-certified doctors demonstrate their ability to practice at the top of their profession and deliver high-quality care to their patients.
You need to carry documents like medical History, test reports, records, doctor referral notes, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance. You need to pay extra heed on packing when traveling to another country for medical treatment Don't forget to make a list of all the essential things you might need during your stay in Turkey. The required documents may vary as per your destination, so please check before traveling.
A large number of medical tourists visit Turkey every year to avail popular procedures, such as:
The popular procedures available in Turkey have a success rate and are available at an affordable cost. With best-in-class doctors, the hospitals in Turkey offer world-class treatments in almost every therapeutic areas. Turkey’s advanced medical technology available at lower costs has made the country the best destination for popular procedures all across the world.
Most medical tourists choose cities like Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya which also are some of Turkey’s most famous tourist destinations. These cities offers world-class services to global medical tourists who visit the country. Turkey has become one of the top medical tourism destinations with a number of world-class cities that have state-of-art infrastructure, the best transportation systems, and a wide range of food options. With cities full of mesmerizing sandy beaches and long history, Turkey is regarded as one of the popular tourist destinations.
Hospitals in Turkey offer all modern facilities to patients to ensure that get the treatment in a confortable environment. Facilities that are available at hospitals in Turkey include visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and multiple food options. Hospitals in Turkey help patients at every step of their journey, right from initial queries, preparations to travel to the country, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Healthcare organizations in Turkey accept health insurance. In case you have any health insurance plan that is internationally valid, inform the hospital about it. You need to get in touch in touch with your insurance company in your country to confirm if the treatment you want to undergo is covered at the hospital in Turkey. The hospital will ask for the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance to start your treatment cashless in case it is an approved insurance provider.
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