Angiography involves the x-ray imaging use to inspect blood vessels. The images produced during an angiography technique are called as angiograms. Angiograms are done in hospitals with patients generally under local anesthesia. The technique may take from 20 minutes to several hours, subject to the difficulty of the test and how much contrast is needed.
Singapore is an extremely urbanized, methodical and spotless country so medical tourists can avoid the muddled environment which is usual to some Asian countries. People looking for angiography in Singapore can be assured for best results as all Singaporean hospitals offer 'top-of-the-line' medical services and facilities.
The health standards are high in Singapore and the private hospitals are fortified with top class medical equipment - few attaining international accreditations like ISO9002 and the American accreditation, Joint Commission International (JCI). Singapore is well-known for performing advanced and difficult surgical procedures which from time to time have presented in world news.
Most physicians advise their patients to undergo the angiogram procedure (also known as angiography and arteriogram) when certain symptoms such as a heart attack or chest pain become a source of worry. A stress test is performed on patients who report chest pain, which is then followed by an angiogram test.
Angiography procedure aims at testing the blockages in the coronary arteries apart from any other cardiovascular-related ailments. Angiography and angiogram procedure can both locate narrowing arteries or blockages that may exist in different parts of the body.
Angiography is recommended for patients with coronary heart diseases (CHD), which can cause the heartbeat to stop suddenly and abruptly. The patient may also suffer from severe chest pain. Angiography can also be performed on patients on an emergency basis when they experience a heart attack. If the blockage is not treated immediately, then healthy tissues around the heart start perishing and turn into scar tissue. It can give rise to several long-lasting problems. Angiography may also be required in the case of a patient with aortic stenosis or those who have had an abnormal heart stress test.
The procedure involves administering a sedative for relaxation. An intravenous line is inserted into the vein. This is just a precautionary step to ensure that medication can be provided or blood products can be given in case of unwanted complications that take place during the angiography procedure.
The patient is kept under close observation for at least 6 to 12 hours if the procedure is performed on an outpatient basis. In case of a femoral artery puncture, the leg is almost kept immobile during the observation period.
Blood pressure and other vital signs are continuously monitored. A cold pack is applied to reduce swelling in the area of puncture and medications are given in case of extreme discomfort.
Hematoma may develop in a few patients. This indicates continuous bleeding from the puncture site and has to be watched for. Two to three days of complete rest is advised and driving should be avoided in the case of patients who have had fluorescein angiography. Direct exposure to sunlight should be avoided for at least 12 hours.
A coronary angiogram is a special test that uses X-ray to look for any blockages or abnormalities in the blood vessels of the heart. It is commonly performed on patients with a recent history of any cardiac event, chest pain or in patients wherein a cardiac blockage is suspected.
Angiogram cost in Singapore is between $3800 to $6500. This is inclusive of the hospital fee and the doctor’s fee. The hospital charges include the use of X-ray equipment, catheterization lab charges, cost of dye used to visualize the blood flow, and the daycare room charges for the patient. It is not inclusive of hospital stay or the use of any special equipment, additional tests and medicines, and treatment for any cardiac condition.
The hospitals that perform angiograms in Singapore have well-equipped and completely isolated catheterization labs. Some of the best hospitals in Singapore for angiography include the following:
After performing an angiogram, if there is any diagnosis, the patient further needs treatment. Sometimes, the interventional cardiologist may perform angioplasty while performing an angiogram if he or she finds that there is a cardiac blockage that requires further intervention.
The following are some of the top doctors for angiography in Singapore:
The following factors affect the cost of angiography in Singapore:
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