Brain cancer treatment is a complex treatment. The brain is a vital organ and controls the essential functions of various organs. Any abnormality in the brain tissues during treatment result in life-threatening and life-changing complications including loss of muscular function, and paralysis. This treatment requires a lot of technological and experience. Chemotherapy in treating the brain tumor involves only those drugs that can cross the blood-brain barrier. In many cases, chemotherapy is used as an adjuvant to surgery or radiation therapy. The treatment recommended depends upon the position of the tumor in the brain as well as the stage of the disease. If the tumor is in a place that can be accessed, then surgical intervention is recommended to completely remove the tumor. Sometimes, radiation therapy is combined to destroy the remaining tumor that cannot be accessed during surgery.
Turkey has advanced technology and experienced oncologists to treat the brain tumor with high success rates. The treatment is done at a cost significantly lower than in developed countries. Scientists in Turkey are also researching on the drug delivery system suitable for brain cancer treatment. Recently, Turkish scientists had developed a nano-technological system for delivering the drug. This system overcomes the natural defense system and helps to reach the drug to the target. Further, through this system, the side effects are also reduced.
Brain cancer is characterized by a group of uncontrollably dividing cells present in the brain. The tumor may either be primary or secondary. Various hospitals in Turkey such as Anadolu Medical center, Memorial Sisli Hospital, Liv hospital, Nisar Intercontinental hospital, and Medipol Mega Kompleksi are expert in treating brain cancer.
The cost of brain tumor treatment is depending on the type of treatment. Turkey provides each brain cancer treatment on a low cost compare then other Western countries. The cost of brain cancer treatment in turkey is USD 19,050. Whereas in other countries the cost of brain cancer treatment is high such as in the USA the cost of brain cancer treatment is started from USD 55,000, and cost of brain tumor treatment in the UK is USD 45,000.
Brain cancer can interfere with normal brain functions such as speech, movement, thoughts, feelings, memory, vision, and hearing. It is a disease of the brain in which abnormal, cancerous cells grow in the brain tissues. Typically, brain cancer is a developed form of a brain tumour. Primary brain cancer or a brain tumour develops from cells within the brain.
However, all brain tumours are not brain cancer. But one thing to note is that even benign tumour can cause serious problems by increasing intracranial pressure or obstruct vascular structures or cerebrospinal fluid flow in the brain.
Different types of cells in the brain such as gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, vestibular schwannomas, and primitive neuroectodermal (medulloblastomas) can become cancerous. Gliomas have several subtypes, which include astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, and choroid plexus papillomas.
There are two types of brain cancer, including:
Metastatic cancer in the brain is more common than primary brain cancer. They are usually named after the tissue or organ where cancer first develops. Metastatic lung or breast cancer in the brain is the most commonly found brain cancers.
The exact brain cancer cause is still unknown. However, its occurrence has been linked to several risk factors, including the following:
Some types of brain cancers such as meningeal and pituitary gland may produce few or no symptoms. Some of the brain cancer symptoms typically experienced by patients include:
The brain cancer treatment plan is prepared by a medical specialist, who takes a note of the cancer type, location, tumour size, patient age, and general health status before coming up with an individualized treatment plan.
Typically, brain cancer treatment options include the following:
The only limitation of surgery is that tumours cannot be separated surgically if they are located near the sensitive areas of your brain. This surgery involves opening the skull (craniotomy), which carries risks such as infection and bleeding. It can be life-threatening in some cases.
An endoscopy may be conducted through nasal route or via a hole conducted in the skull to see the inside of the brain and locate the tumour. The identified areas of the brain with cancer cells are then excised or removed with the help of surgical tools.
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