A brain tumor occurs when there is an unusual development of cells within the brain. There are two types of tumors- benign which are non-cancerous and malignant which are cancerous. The malignant tumor progresses at a rapid speed thereby damaging the brain and its nearby areas. Whereas the benign type of tumors does not grow at a rapid speed. They do cause a lot of pressure on the brain but do not progress rapidly to the surrounding areas of the brain. Patients with brain tumors if left untreated can die and can also affect their ability to lead a normal life.
Singapore houses some of the best hospitals for a brain tumor in the world. The main symptoms of brain tumors are unwanted weakness, seizures, worst headache in the morning, facing a problem while speaking, hearing problems, and many others. The occurrence of brain tumors does not have any specific age. The ones that occur in a child are different from those of an adult. A complete neurological investigation is performed on an individual before the treatment starts. Tests like Computer Tomography (CT Scan), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), cerebral angiogram, and many other special tests are conducted on an individual to find out where the tumor lies. The tests help the surgeon perform the right kind of surgery on an individual. In today's world microsurgery technology is used when brain surgery is being done.
Brain tumor surgery cost in Singapore can vary between $ 50,000 to $ 70,0000. For benign tumors, it is $50,000 and for malignant tumors, it is $7,00,000. If you are medically insured then your cost lowers down to an extent.
Brain cancer can interfere with normal brain functions such as speech, movement, thoughts, feelings, memory, vision, and hearing. It is a disease of the brain in which abnormal, cancerous cells grow in the brain tissues. Typically, brain cancer is a developed form of a brain tumour. Primary brain cancer or a brain tumour develops from cells within the brain.
However, all brain tumours are not brain cancer. But one thing to note is that even benign tumour can cause serious problems by increasing intracranial pressure or obstruct vascular structures or cerebrospinal fluid flow in the brain.
Different types of cells in the brain such as gliomas, meningiomas, pituitary adenomas, vestibular schwannomas, and primitive neuroectodermal (medulloblastomas) can become cancerous. Gliomas have several subtypes, which include astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, and choroid plexus papillomas.
There are two types of brain cancer, including:
Metastatic cancer in the brain is more common than primary brain cancer. They are usually named after the tissue or organ where cancer first develops. Metastatic lung or breast cancer in the brain is the most commonly found brain cancers.
The exact brain cancer cause is still unknown. However, its occurrence has been linked to several risk factors, including the following:
Some types of brain cancers such as meningeal and pituitary gland may produce few or no symptoms. Some of the brain cancer symptoms typically experienced by patients include:
The brain cancer treatment plan is prepared by a medical specialist, who takes a note of the cancer type, location, tumour size, patient age, and general health status before coming up with an individualized treatment plan.
Typically, brain cancer treatment options include the following:
The only limitation of surgery is that tumours cannot be separated surgically if they are located near the sensitive areas of your brain. This surgery involves opening the skull (craniotomy), which carries risks such as infection and bleeding. It can be life-threatening in some cases.
An endoscopy may be conducted through nasal route or via a hole conducted in the skull to see the inside of the brain and locate the tumour. The identified areas of the brain with cancer cells are then excised or removed with the help of surgical tools.
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