IVF (In vitro fertilization) treatment is one of the advanced approaches implemented by couples who are unable to conceive naturally. Difficulty in conceiving by intercourse may be due to several genetic or physiological anomaly. However, advanced measures in medical science have made it possible to conceive a healthy baby through artificial methods. The word, in vitro, means fertilization in a laboratory. The process had first been successful in the year 1977 and has henceforth been implemented all across the world.
In the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment, ovum (eggs) from the mother and sperm from the father are collected and made to fertilize in a culture media, in the laboratory. The sperm and the ovum may also be collected from donors, in case one of the parents is unable to produce healthy gametes. After successful fertilization, the embryo is then transferred to the uterus of the mother, where it gets implanted on the endometrial lining. Multiple embryo transfer to the uterus may result in multiple pregnancies and result in the birth of more than one baby.
The cost of IVF treatment cost may vary from $10,000 to $15,000 per cycle. However, the cost thus mentioned does not include the price of medications required for the procedure. The cost of medication may vary from $1500 to $3000 and depends on the condition and requirement of the candidate. Besides, the key factors on which the cost of IVF treatment depend are:
The natural process of fertilization involves the conjugation of an egg and sperm inside the woman’s body. In-vitro-fertilization (IVF) is the procedure that involves the conception of an egg outside the body in a laboratory. IVF comes under assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves the use of advanced medical technology to help with pregnancy in the woman.
The different types of treatments available for IVF are:
Assisted hatching is a technique used in IVF where a gap or a hole is created on the outer shell of the embryo called zona pellucida before transferring the embryo into the mother’s womb. Before the implantation of the embryo, the developing embryo should “hatch” out of its outer shell (zona pellucida).
Sometimes the embryo is thick, which decreases its ability to hatch on its own. Making a hole or thinning the outer layer may help the embryos to hatch, which increases the chances of pregnancy. Pregnancy cannot occur unless the embryo hatches. Thus, assisted hatching IVF success rates are higher than simple IVF success rates.
Because of the use of additional technology, IVF with laser assisted hatching cost is higher than just IVF cost.
IVF with laser assisted hatching is recommended when:
It is performed by using
It is performed before transferring the embryo into the mother’s womb on day 3, 5, or 6 after fertilization. An opening in the zona pellucida is created by drilling it with acidified tyrode’s solution.
The embryo is held firmly using holding pipette and a microneedle is applied
The acid is expelled over a small area of zona pellucida until it is breached. Suction is applied immediately after the breach of zona pellucida to prevent excess
This procedure Is exactly the same as the usual IVF procedure with a difference that the egg used for fertilization comes from a different candidate than the one undergoing IVF. This procedure involves a process known as female egg donation in which a suitable candidate donates an egg for successful fertilization with the retrieved sperms.
The egg donation procedure is similar to how the eggs are retrieved from the womb of the future mother. The only difference is that during
IVF with egg donation is mostly performed in the case of women who have
Intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI) is an IVF variation in which the sperm is directly injected into the egg for fertilization. The resulting fertilized egg is placed in
ICSI procedure does not require the sperm to penetrate the layers of the egg. It is highly useful to treat infertility problems in couples who suffer because the male partner’s sperms are either not able to get into the egg or are unable to fertilize the egg even when they are able to get through it.
During IVF with ICSI procedure, the eggs are extracted and held in one place with the help of a glass tool. A single sperm is injected into each egg using a small glass tube. The eggs are cultured and checked for fertilization overnight. The fully fertilized eggs are selected. A few fertilized eggs selected are placed in the uterus with the help of a catheter. The leftover embryos are preserved for future use.
While in simple IVF, the eggs and sperms are mixed together and allowed to fertilize naturally, in ICSI, a sperm is forced into the sperm for fertilization.
ICSI success rates largely
IVF with ICSI is also performed when the sperms come from a suitable donor and not from the male partner of the female undergoing IVF procedure. ICSI IVF treatment is the same when conducted with donor sperms as it is with sperms that come from the male partner.
ICSI treatment involves the injection of a single sperm directly into the egg from the female partner or a donor. In the case of ICSI with donor sperms, a semen sample from a suitable donor is retrieved. The sperm sample is processed and viable and good quality sperms are extracted from for further procedure.
Next, the entire ICSI procedure is conducted in a similar manner. ICSI success rates are the same whether the sperm comes from a donor or the actual male partner. ICSI treatment cost is separate from the cost of IVF.
Optical spindle view is a specialized technique used at the time of IVF and ICSI. This technique helps the fertility specialists view the division of cells carefully to ensure that the entire process goes on smoothly.
The optical spindle view technique is used after the fusion of the eggs and the sperms
Sometimes during IVF and ICSI, the fertility specialist may order a testicular biopsy to assess testicular function in the male partner before using his sperms. During
Step 1: Over-stimulation of ovulation
Stimulation of the ovaries occurs with the administration of fertility drugs. The natural process involves the production of one egg per month, but the fertility drugs hyperstimulate the ovaries to produce more number of drugs.
Step 2: Retrieval of eggs
Removal of the eggs from the woman’s body is done through a minor surgery called follicular aspiration surgery. Pain medications are given to the woman and with the help of ultrasound, a thin needle attached to the suction pump is inserted into the vagina. The needle is directed towards the follicles containing eggs and suctions the fluid and the eggs.
Step 3: Insemination
The inactive cells from the semen are removed. The ovum and the sperms are incubated in the ratio of 1:75,000.
Step 4: Fertilization
The sperm enters the egg and fertilization takes place. If the sperm is found to be weak, then Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is performed which involves direct injection of sperm into the ovum.
Step 6: Culture of the embryo
After fertilization, the egg divides forming an embryo. The embryo rapidly divides within five days after fertilization.
Genetic diagnosis is performed after 3-4 days of fertilization to rule out the genetic disorders.
Step7: Transfer of the embryo
The embryos are transferred into the mother’s womb after 3-5 days of fertilization. This transfer is done with the help of a thin tube containing embryos. The tube is inserted through the vagina, cervix, and to the womb. Pregnancy is resulted if the embryo starts growing.
If you have experience symptoms such as fever, pelvic pain, bleeding, and blood in urine, consult your physician immediately.
The cost of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Greece starts from $6000. While there are wide range of hospitals offering IVF (In Vitro Fertilization), international patients should always seek OECI, TEMOS-Certified Hospitals in Greece for the best results.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Greece. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The comprehensive IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost in Greece.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 30 days after discharge. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
While Greece is considered to be one of the best destinations for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure Some of such countries are:
|South Africa||USD 4600|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 7000|
There are certain expenses additional to the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Greece:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 1 day after IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) for monitoring and care. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Greece. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Greece
Some of the top hospitals in Greece are:
Greece has world-class hospitals that strictly follow international health standards and are backed by internationally accredited physicians. Some of the popular destinations like Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens are flocked with the majority of hospitals, which help in the growth of medical tourism in the country.
The healthcare system in Greece is accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI). JCI consults global healthcare experts, providers, and patients to develop healthcare standards. JCI has formulated a strict evaluation process for hospitals seeking accreditation and ensures that all accredited hospitals adhere to international standards of quality. Healthcare standards let hospitals control, evaluate, and improve the standards of quality healthcare.
Greece’s high concentration of excellent doctors and top-notch hospitals has made it a popular destination for international patients seeking the best care at competitive prices. The country is very popular throughout Europe and the United States for its world-class medical services. The country’s medical facilities comply with the international healthcare standards to ensure the quality of treatment. Besides offering world-class treatment, Greece also provides a great patient experience through unique Mediterranean cuisine, beautiful landscape, and therapeutic natural springs. Availability of highly experienced medical experts with global exposure, affordable and quality private healthcare services, and technologically-driven medical care are some of the factors that contribute to the growth of the medical tourism industry in Greece.
Greece produces high-quality specialist doctors. According to a report, about 95 percent of doctors in the country are specialists. Greece has a large pool of trained and experienced fertility specialists who adopt a holistic approach to fertility treatments and have reported high success rates in IVF and other fertility procedures. The quality of the doctors is strictly evaluated based on the parameters set by the government. It is mandatory for all doctors to attend a minimum of 80 hours of training every five years. There are many exemplary achievements of doctors in Greece, such as doing the first transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus, successful excision of cancerous cells in an inaccessible and sensitive area of the brain, and performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery.
A person needs to apply for the below two types of visa to seek treatment in Greece:
A short-stay Schengen Visa allows a person to stay in Greece for a maximum period of 90 days within a period of six months. The essential documents required for applying for a medical visa are:
Greece embassy reviews the submitted documents and will make a decision on granting a medical visa.
Greece has received worldwide recognition for reporting high success rates in the following procedures:
Moreover, many medical tourists visit Greece every year for renal dialysis and the country is populated with top-notch dialysis centers. Around 300,000 cosmetic procedures are performed annually in Greece. The reasons for the popularity of plastic surgery in the country are the use of modern technology, highly trained plastic surgeons, and the latest innovations. The standard of IVF offered in the country is excellent. Greek scientists are at the forefront of research into fertility treatment, especially, male fertility and sperm health.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens attracts the most number of medical tourists visiting the country as the city has a large pool of good hospitals that offer high-standard medical services in a wide range of disciplines like cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, gynecology and obstetrics, and rehabilitation. Santorini, a beautiful island, offers medical tourists a breathtaking view and provides them relaxation, rejuvenation, and wellness, which are needed for a speedy recovery. These cities have gained popularity in medical tourism because of several other reasons, such as world-class hospitals, transportation facilities, cheap accommodation, more food options, and language assistance.
Yes, vaccination is mandatory before traveling to Greece. The vaccines recommended by the CDC and WHO include:
Some parts of Europe are affected by periodic outbreaks of routine diseases, hence it becomes essential for a traveler to get immunized. You should seek travel health advice related to your personal needs and your intended travel, including anti-malarial and other medications based on the past vaccination history, advice on vaccinations, and your present medical conditions. Also, check with the government authority or hospitals in Greece to what vaccination should be taken.
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