Medical tourism in Turkey is on the rise. The country is registering exponential growth in the number of tourists visiting Turkey for medical treatment and medical tourism has a significant contribution to the overall healthcare industry of the country. Thanks to the advanced facilities available in the country at an affordable price. The complex surgeries are performed in the country by experienced and expert surgeons with a high success rate. The government of the country is also providing a favorable environment for the growth of medical tourism in Turkey. Cardiac surgeries are considered as one of the complex and risky surgeries in medical science. Advanced surgical instruments, experienced cardiac surgeons, facilities available for managing emergencies and high-standard post-operative facilities are the prerequisite for successful cardiac surgery. Turkey s known for performing complex cardiac surgeries such as bypass surgery, valve replacement surgeries, and other surgeries.
Electrophysiology studies (EPS) and Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) procedures have gained momentum in recent years in Turkey. Patients are attracted to Turkey for getting EPS/RFA treatment. EPS and RFA treatment in Turkey are done with a high success rate and provide utmost satisfaction to the patients. Some of the hospitals providing Radiofrequency ablation in Turkey includes Anadolu medical center, Memorial Sisli hospital, Hisar Intercontinental hospital, and Memorial Ankara hospital.
Various tissues are responsible for disturbing cardiac rhythm. In the Electrophysiology studies (EPS) and Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) procedures, their tissues are identified and damaged with the use of electrical energy. This procedure is done under either a local or general anesthesia. In the vein of the groin area, RFA catheter is inserted. The catheter reaches the heart under guidance through X-ray screening. In the presence of a catheter, the reading of the heart is recorded. The tissues that cause rhythmic disturbances are identified and destroyed.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a surgical procedure in which heat generated from medium frequency alternating current is used to ablate a tumour, a part of the electrical conduction system of the heart, or any other dysfunctional areas. The ablation therapy requires local anaesthesia and is done in an outpatient setting.
RFA is a popular treatment for the correction of any abnormality in the electrical system of the heart, which is confirmed during electrophysiology studies (EPS). During this test, the electrophysiology of heart is studied and any abnormalities are noted. The procedure used to correct the identified abnormalities associated with electrophysiology of heart is known as the cardiac ablation procedure.
The steps in the RFA procedure depends of the type of disorder that needs to be treated or the part of the body targeted.
Abnormal electrophysiology of heart that cause cardiac arrhythmias can be destroyed by radiofrequency energy. During cardiac ablation procedure, radiofrequency energy is used in atrial flutter, supraventricular tachycardia, multifocal atrial tachycardia and ventricular arrhythmia. The electrode at the tip of a catheter is placed into the heart through a vein. This type of catheter is called ablator. The physician first maps the specific area that is abnormal before starting the cardiac ablation surgery.
RFA is used to treat tumours of kidneys, liver, lung and bone. After tumour diagnosis is confirmed, a needle-like RFA probe is placed inside the tumour. Through this probe, the radiofrequency wave passes and increases the temperature of the tumour tissue. The increase in temperature destroys the tumour during ablation procedure.
Radiofrequency ablation therapy can also be used in dermatological conditions by using different forms of alternating current. The radiofrequency ablation can also be used to treat skin lesions with few side effects and complications.
Radiofrequency ablation is used in the treatment of varicose veins. Under ultrasound control, a radiofrequency catheter is inserted into the abnormal vein and the vessel treated with radio-energy and closes the involved vein. Radiofrequency ablation is used to treat the saphenous vein, the saphenous vein, and the perforator veins.
Immediately after cardiac ablation procedure, the patient is shifted to a recovery room for a few hours. There may be some level of numbness or weakness for a while, which goes away in a few hours. You will be asked to lie quietly for at least three to four hours.
During the first 48 hours, you may feel sore because of excessive lying down or experience a heart-beat which is strange. Bruises may appear at the site of catheter insertion, however, it goes away within two days. You will be instructed to avoid vigorous activities and weight lifting and advised to remove any bandages at bed time. You must avoid the catheter insertion site from getting wet.
You will be given an appointment after RFA to have a repeat scan. The scan helps to know how well the treatment is done. You must avoid bending of squatting and watch out for swelling or bleeding at the site of catheter insertion. It is important to take short walks every day. You can return back to work after 48 hours or whenever your doctor gives a go ahead.
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