Lung Cancer Treatment in Turkey

Lung Cancer is the type of cancer where the cancerous cells are first sighted from the Lungs. The tumor damages the tissues around the lungs and surrounding regions. Lung cancer treatment is often combined with multiple rounds of chemotherapy treatments. Sometimes radiation therapy is also combined with medication which helps in relieving pain. This type of treatment is usually used for advanced lung cancers.

Lung Cancer Treatment in Turkey

The government of Turkey has taken some significant steps to improve the health care sector and infrastructure. With high-quality medical facilities, well-equipped hospitals, easy accessibility of treatment in no waiting time, Turkey is now one of the most favorable medical tourism destinations around the globe. Highly skilled doctors and surgeons and highly qualified medical personnel make it extremely convenient for foreign patients to clear all their doubts. The treatment provided in Turkey is satisfactory and affordable at the same time.

Cost Comparison

The cost of Lung Cancer Treatment in Turkey, advanced medical care facilities, the well-trained oncologist is comparable with some of the most wanted medical tourism destinations like Singapore, Hungary, India. Lung Cancer Treatment cost including the procedure, examination, test medicines, and sight-seeing comes out to be less than one-sixth when compared with the total treatment cost offered in the US or UK.

Treatment and Cost

25

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

5 Day in Hospital

20 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 15000

Hospitals

About the Lung Cancer Treatment

Lung cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells that start off in the lungs. Usually, lung cancer starts in the cells that line the air passages. Instead of developing into healthy lung tissue, the cells divide rapidly and form tumours.

Lung cancer can grow and spread beyond the lung to reach other parts of the body through metastasis. Lung cancers can begin in any part of the lung, but 90 percent of lung cancers begin in the epithelial cells, which are the cells lining the larger and smaller airways also known as bronchi and bronchioles.

This is the reason why lung cancers are sometimes called bronchogenic cancers or bronchogenic carcinomas. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, among both men and women. It is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide.

Lung Cancer: Causes and Risk Factors

Long-term smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. After smoking, genetic factors and exposure to radon gas, asbestos, second-hand smoke or other forms of air pollution can also increase the risk of lung cancer.

Types of Lung Cancer

There are two major types of lung cancers, based on the appearance of lung cancer cells under the microscope:

  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): It is an umbrella term for several types of lung cancers that behave in a similar way, such as squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.
  • Small cell lung cancer (SCLC): This type of lung cancer occurs mostly in heavy smokers and it is less common than non-small cell lung cancer. 

Lung Cancer Stages

It is necessary to determine the stage of lung cancer by finding out how far cancer has spread, before initiating treatment of lung cancer.
The following are the four lung cancer stages of NSCLC:

  • Stage 1 lung cancer: Cancer is restricted to the lung
  • Stage 2 lung cancer: Cancer has spread to the nearby lymph nodes
  • Stage 3 lung cancer: (3a) Cancer is in the lung and the lymph nodes located on the same side  (3b) Cancer is in the lung and has spread to lymph nodes on the opposite side
  • Stage 4 lung cancer: Cancer has spread to both the lungs and other organs and surrounding tissues

The following are the two lung cancer stages of SCLC:

  • Limited stage: Cancer is present in just one lung and lymph nodes on the same side of cancer.
  • Extensive stage: Cancer has spread throughout the lung or both the lungs, to the lymph nodes on the opposite side, to the bone marrow, and to the distant organs.

After the determination of stage, treatment of lung cancer starts with choosing the best suitable option for the patient. However, there is usually no single treatment for lung cancer. So the patient often receives a combination of therapies and palliative care. 

Lung Cancer Symptoms

Lung cancer symptoms may vary, depending upon where and how widespread the tumour is. A person with lung cancer may have following lung cancer symptoms:

  • A persistent or chronic coughing
  • Pain in chest, shoulder or back
  • Difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath
  • Hoarseness or change of voice
  • Chronic bronchitis, pneumonia or respiratory infections
  • Blood in the sputum and cough


Stage 3 lung cancer symptoms include the following:

  • Wheezing
  • General pain in the chest or when breathing
  • Persistent cough with or without blood
  • Altered voice
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unplanned weight loss
  • Fever, headache, weakness, and bone pain
  • Difficulty swallowing

How is Lung Cancer Treatment performed?

The treatment of lung cancer may include the following modalities:

Surgery:

Surgery is the best treatment if the lung cancer is in its early stages. In the early stages, it is possible to cure a patient completely by removing the tumor and the nearby lymph nodes. But after cancer has spread, it is nearly impossible to remove all of the cancer cells with the help of surgery.

There are some specific types of surgical procedures for different location and kinds of lung cancers, such as wedge resection of the lung (removal of a portion of one lobe), lobectomy (removal of one lobe), pneumonectomy (removal of an entire lung) and lymphadenectomy (removal of lymph nodes in the region of the lungs). After the surgery, margin tissues are further studied to see if cancer cells are present or not.

Lung cancer surgery is a major surgical procedure that requires hospitalization, general anesthesia, and follow-up care for a few weeks to several months. It also carries side effects like any other surgery, including complications related to bleeding, infection, and general anesthesia.

Radiation therapy:

This treatment uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to destroy or shrink lung cancer tumors. Radiation therapy can be given as a curative therapy, palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy.

Radiation therapy damages the molecules that make up the cancer cells. However, it can damage the normal, healthy tissues. But nowadays improved technology can focus the radiation on precise locations for certain lengths of time, thus reducing the risk of damage to the surrounding healthy tissues.

Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer Treatment:

Chemotherapy is a strong medication treatment, which interferes with the cell division process and damage proteins or DNA to reduce cancer cells. NSCLC and SCLC, both types of lung cancers can be treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy might be given in the form of pills, intravenous infusion, or as a combination of both.

However, drugs used in chemotherapy also kill normally dividing cells in the body that may lead to unpleasant side effects. Some of the common side effects of chemotherapy are vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, fatigue, anemia, infections and more. These side effects may be felt temporarily during treatment, and several drugs exist to help patients cope with the symptoms.

Targeted drug therapy:

Drugs used in this treatment work by targeting specific abnormalities in the cancer cells. Some of the drugs in this treatment can also strengthen the activity of the immune system against cancer cells. But mostly this treatment only works in people whose cancer cells show certain genetic mutations.

Recovery from Lung Cancer Treatment

  • Immediately after the surgery, you will be shifted to a recovery room until you wake up from the influence of anaesthesia. You will be monitored regularly as you stay in the recovery room for a few hours after the surgery.
  • If needed, you will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) from the recovery room, where you will be connected to a ventilator. You will be transferred to a normal hospital room after your health stabilizes.
  • You will be required to stay in the hospital for up to a week after the surgery. Supportive care is a necessary part of cancer treatment. Palliative care is a specialty area of medicine that involves working with a doctor to minimize your signs and symptoms of cancer and side effects of cancer treatment. Palliative care can improve mood and quality of life.
  • A respiratory therapist will be assigned to you. He or she will guide you on how to use a spirometer and breathing exercises to recover from the surgery.
  • You are likely to have a drainage tube in place for a few days or until the surgeon feels that the drainage has stopped. You will be gradually asked to increase your activity to regain strength.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

Which are some of the best hospitals in Turkey for Lung Cancer Treatment?

So, here, we have made up a list of top 5 hospitals of Turkey that you can opt for regarding this aspect. Let’s take a look at them. 

  1. Medicana Ankara International Hospital 

Let's start off our listings with one of the best healthcare centers in Turkey, the MAIH. The diagnostic team of the oncology department is literally the best in the country. Moreover, the surgeons of the hospital, too, are highly proficient in their field of work and, thus, can provide a decent service. Further, there is also a consultancy center available in the premises of the hospice, where you can learn more about the disease and acknowledge the risks related to it.

  1. LIV Hospital Ulus 

Are you looking for a more affordable option for your purpose? Then, LIV Hospital can be your best bet in this aspect. Like a few other treatment centers, this one, too, performs various types of methods, such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery, for catering to the patients.

However, the best thing about this hospital is the quality and efficiency of the doctors. They are highly experienced, coordinative, and, thus, can complete the surgeries without making any errors.

  1. Avcilar Anadolu Hospital 

When talking about the best hospitals for lung cancer surgery in Turkey, the first name that comes to the mind is the Anadolu Hospital. It usually uses the robotic thoracic surgical procedure for treating its patients. However, if the condition is currently at an advanced stage, then they will, first, use radiation therapy on it before performing the surgery.  

  1. Memorial Sisli Hospital 

With its brunch of skilled doctors and a 470-bed capacity, the Memorial Sisli Hospital has established itself as the giants in the cosmos of Turkey's healthcare culture. The oncology department of the center is pretty well-admired as well. 

However, the section, where the physicians of the hospitals excel in, is surgery. So, if you are in a critical condition and require urgent surgery, then Memorial Sisli Hospital should be one of your best bets.

  1. Medipol Mega University Hospital

Just like the others on the list, MMUH of Istanbul, too, has a wide selection of medical tools and technology that it uses for surgical procedures. To treat its patients, the hospital employs several traditional techniques, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery.

What is the health care infrastructure of Turkey / Why should opt for Turkey as a destination for your medical treatment?
The healthcare infrastructure of Turkey comprises health centers, health posts, mother and child health and family planning centers, tuberculosis dispensaries, etc. Health centers are each staffed by a team consisting of a doctor, a nurse, a midwife, a health technician, and an administrator. Health posts report to health centers and are each staffed by a midwife. Health centers and health posts are the only settings providing preventive care, health promotion, and community-based health services. All other settings use specialists to provide just primary diagnostic and curative care. Turkey is turning out to be a preferred destination for medical treatment by many people across the world for its pace of development. The people are friendly and the administration is efficient. After the treatment in Turkey, one can even choose to unwind amidst its beauty.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in Turkey? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety. Here are a few JCI certified hospitals in Turkey :
  • Anadolu Medical Center
  • Hisar Intercontinental Hospital
  • Medipol Mega University Hospital
  • NP Istanbul Brain Hospital
  • Neolife Oncology Center
  • Liv Hospital
  • Medicana Healthcare Group
  • Kadikoy Florence Nightingale Hospital
  • Istanbul Memorial Hospital
  • Memorial Antalya Hospital
  • Taksim Hospital
  • Dunyagoz Hospitals Group, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Medical Park Hospitals Group
  • Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex
  • Acibadem Maslak Hospital
  • German Hospital Taksim
  • Medical Park Bahçelievler Hospital
  • Göktürk Florence Nightingale Medical Center
  • International Hospital
  • Aydinlar Dental Group
Are the doctors/surgeons in Turkey of the best quality?
Doctors in Turkey are highly educated and well trained. This is one of the reasons why many people flock to Turkey for medical treatment. The doctors are skilled and can converse fluently in English and other foreign languages.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in Turkey?
At present, there are two types of medical visas available for your visit to Turkey:
  1. Medical Visa, which can be obtained from the Consulate of Turkey
  2. Online Visa (eVisa), which can be obtained in advance of arrival via the government of Turkey’s online visa system.
Visitors must obtain a medical visa for traveling to Turkey unless they come from visa-exempt countries and territories or citizens of those countries, which are eligible to apply for an e-Visa online. How To Acquire Online Medical Visas (e-Visa or electronic visa) :
  1. Simply visit www.evisa.gov.tr and apply on the platform by selecting your country and the type of passport or identity card. The platform is self-explanatory and will guide you throughout every step.
  2. Once you are done filling the form, save and download the form for future references.
  3. The applicant must visit the nearby Turkish embassy in his/her country to get the approval of the Consulate.
  4. Once the visa is approved, the travel dates can be scheduled accordingly.
What support services does MediGence provide in Turkey?
MediGence has been praised on a global scale for the list of services they provide. Apart from the listed services, the staff and the guides are adorned for their customer interaction, impromptu assistance, and various other assistance related guidance throughout the tour. Thus, the list of services provided by MediGence are:
  • Insurance query related guidance
  • In-detail guidance till completion of the medical tour
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free airport to hospital transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Accommodations Assistance
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Which are the best cities in Turkey for medical treatment?
The capital of Turkey is Istanbul. Istanbul is easily accessible and the preferred location for medical treatment. Other cities with good hospitals are Izmit and Bursa.

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