Lung Cancer is the type of cancer where the cancerous cells are first sighted from the Lungs. The tumor damages the tissues around the lungs and surrounding regions. Lung cancer treatment is often combined with multiple rounds of chemotherapy treatments. Sometimes radiation therapy is also combined with medication which helps in relieving pain. This type of treatment is usually used for advanced lung cancers.
Lung Cancer Treatment in Turkey
The government of Turkey has taken some significant steps to improve the health care sector and infrastructure. With high-quality medical facilities, well-equipped hospitals, easy accessibility of treatment in no waiting time, Turkey is now one of the most favorable medical tourism destinations around the globe. Highly skilled doctors and surgeons and highly qualified medical personnel make it extremely convenient for foreign patients to clear all their doubts. The treatment provided in Turkey is satisfactory and affordable at the same time.
The cost of Lung Cancer Treatment in Turkey, advanced medical care facilities, the well-trained oncologist is comparable with some of the most wanted medical tourism destinations like Singapore, Hungary, India. Lung Cancer Treatment cost including the procedure, examination, test medicines, and sight-seeing comes out to be less than one-sixth when compared with the total treatment cost offered in the US or UK.
Lung cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells that start off in the lungs. Usually, lung cancer starts in the cells that line the air passages. Instead of developing into healthy lung tissue, the cells divide rapidly and form tumours.
Lung cancer can grow and spread beyond the lung to reach other parts of the body through metastasis. Lung cancers can begin in any part of the lung, but 90 percent of lung cancers begin in the epithelial cells, which are the cells lining the larger and smaller airways also known as bronchi and bronchioles.
This is the reason why lung cancers are sometimes called bronchogenic cancers or bronchogenic carcinomas. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, among both men and women. It is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide.
Long-term smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. After smoking, genetic factors and exposure to radon gas, asbestos, second-hand smoke or other forms of air pollution can also increase the risk of lung cancer.
There are two major types of lung cancers, based on the appearance of lung cancer cells under the microscope:
It is necessary to determine the stage of lung cancer by finding out how far cancer has spread, before initiating treatment of lung cancer.
The following are the four lung cancer stages of NSCLC:
After the determination of stage, treatment of lung cancer starts with choosing the best suitable option for the patient. However, there is usually no single treatment for lung cancer. So the patient often receives a combination of therapies and palliative care.
Lung cancer symptoms may vary, depending upon where and how widespread the tumour is. A person with lung cancer may have following lung cancer symptoms:
The treatment of lung cancer may include the following modalities:
Surgery is the best treatment if the lung cancer is in its early stages. In the early stages, it is possible to cure a patient completely by removing the tumor and the nearby lymph nodes. But after cancer has spread, it is nearly impossible to remove all of the cancer cells with the help of surgery.
There are some specific types of surgical procedures for different location and kinds of lung cancers, such as wedge resection of the lung (removal of a portion of one lobe), lobectomy (removal of one lobe), pneumonectomy (removal of an entire lung) and lymphadenectomy (removal of lymph nodes in the region of the lungs). After the surgery, margin tissues are further studied to see if cancer cells are present or not.
Lung cancer surgery is a major surgical procedure that requires hospitalization, general anesthesia, and follow-up care for a few weeks to several months. It also carries side effects like any other surgery, including complications related to bleeding, infection, and general anesthesia.
This treatment uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to destroy or shrink lung cancer tumors. Radiation therapy can be given as a curative therapy, palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy damages the molecules that make up the cancer cells. However, it can damage the normal, healthy tissues. But nowadays improved technology can focus the radiation on precise locations for certain lengths of time, thus reducing the risk of damage to the surrounding healthy tissues.
Chemotherapy is a strong medication treatment, which interferes with the cell division process and damage proteins or DNA to reduce cancer cells. NSCLC and SCLC, both types of lung cancers can be treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy might be given in the form of pills, intravenous infusion, or as a combination of both.
However, drugs used in chemotherapy also kill normally dividing cells in the body that may lead to unpleasant side effects. Some of the common side effects of chemotherapy are vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, fatigue, anemia, infections and more. These side effects may be felt temporarily during treatment, and several drugs exist to help patients cope with the symptoms.
Drugs used in this treatment work by targeting specific abnormalities in the cancer cells. Some of the drugs in this treatment can also strengthen the activity of the immune system against cancer cells. But mostly this treatment only works in people whose cancer cells show certain genetic mutations.
So, here, we have made up a list of top 5 hospitals of Turkey that you can opt for regarding this aspect. Let’s take a look at them.
Medicana Ankara International Hospital
Let's start off our listings with one of the best healthcare centers in Turkey, the MAIH. The diagnostic team of the oncology department is literally the best in the country. Moreover, the surgeons of the hospital, too, are highly proficient in their field of work and, thus, can provide a decent service. Further, there is also a consultancy center available in the premises of the hospice, where you can learn more about the disease and acknowledge the risks related to it.
LIV Hospital Ulus
Are you looking for a more affordable option for your purpose? Then, LIV Hospital can be your best bet in this aspect. Like a few other treatment centers, this one, too, performs various types of methods, such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery, for catering to the patients.
However, the best thing about this hospital is the quality and efficiency of the doctors. They are highly experienced, coordinative, and, thus, can complete the surgeries without making any errors.
Avcilar Anadolu Hospital
When talking about the best hospitals for lung cancer surgery in Turkey, the first name that comes to the mind is the Anadolu Hospital. It usually uses the robotic thoracic surgical procedure for treating its patients. However, if the condition is currently at an advanced stage, then they will, first, use radiation therapy on it before performing the surgery.
Memorial Sisli Hospital
With its brunch of skilled doctors and a 470-bed capacity, the Memorial Sisli Hospital has established itself as the giants in the cosmos of Turkey's healthcare culture. The oncology department of the center is pretty well-admired as well.
However, the section, where the physicians of the hospitals excel in, is surgery. So, if you are in a critical condition and require urgent surgery, then Memorial Sisli Hospital should be one of your best bets.
Medipol Mega University Hospital
Just like the others on the list, MMUH of Istanbul, too, has a wide selection of medical tools and technology that it uses for surgical procedures. To treat its patients, the hospital employs several traditional techniques, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery.
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