Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.
A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.
Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.
A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through
There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.
More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.
Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:
Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status.
The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:
This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.
Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:
There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).
In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.
In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children.
This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.
Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.
This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.
Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.
Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.
You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.
You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:
The Cervical Cancer Treatment package cost in Spain varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The top hospitals for Cervical Cancer Treatment in Spain covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Cervical Cancer Treatment cost in Spain.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment to international patients. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Cervical Cancer Treatment in Spain:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 30 days in the country after discharge. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
While Spain is considered to be one of the best destinations for Cervical Cancer Treatment owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Cervical Cancer Treatment as well:
|South Africa||USD 3700|
|United Kingdom||USD 10000|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Cervical Cancer Treatment cost. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment in Spain, including the following:
It is possible for patients to opt for video telemedicine consultation before they come for Cervical Cancer Treatment in Spain. Some of the surgeons offering this service include the following
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Juan Carles||USD 758||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Raimon Mirabell||USD 758||Schedule Now|
After Cervical Cancer Treatment, the patient is supposed to stay for about 5 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 6 hospitals that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment in Spain. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Spain
The healthcare accredition in Spain is streamlined to maintain strict quality control over the hospital functions. The healthcare system in Spain is synonymous with quality on several parameters. The hospitals in Spain are being set to higher quality standards by Joint Commission International, the world leader in safety and patient care quality. The final results of the accrediting body can be fully trusted to be reliable owing to the highly skilled professionals who complete this evaluation process.
There is a good number of popular multispecialty hospital groups in Spain that are servicing patients from different hues and backgrounds for a long time. The hospitals in Spain are some of the best in the world and cover so many different specialties under individual roofs. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
Their is a good range of specialties covered by the multispecialty hospital groups in Spain that ensure that all your medical and surgical needs are taken care of.
The best and the latest technologies are adding to the world-class infrastructure in Spain. The other plus point of getting your medical treatment done in Spain is the competent and skilled doctors who can treat a number of conditions. The hospitals in Spain are providing quality medical care under a uni payer healthcare system or universal coverage (excluding prescription drugs). The world class medical facilities are combined with a great tourism potential in cities and towns of Spain and this is why you should opt for healthcare in Spain.Their is symbiotic relationship of wonderful tourist towns and cities with exceptional healthcare facilities, making Spain a natural choice as a medical tourism destination.
The doctors in Spain have been educated at the best educational institutions in the world. The practical experience of the doctors in Spain has ensured that their medical and surgical skills are refined. Whether it is learning new techniques or practical application of the new technologies, the doctors in Spain are adept at it all. Getting your treatment done in Spain should be a seamless affair as there is not even a language barrier with english the second language for many doctors.
When traveling to Spain for your medical treatment please start by creating a checklist for the documents that you need to carry. At no point during your journey and treatment in Spain should the documents be a reason for any hindrance. The travel documents needed are your passport, visa, roundtrip ticket, travel medical insurance, accomodation proof, civil status proof, financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs and employment documents (as per status). Medical documents that you need to carry are medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
Spain is an elite medical tourism destination that has made its mark on the world stage. It has a popular sports and physical fitness culture which naturally leads to the development of certain fields like sports medicine and orthopaedic procedures. Spain is the center of all kinds of procedures but we are bringing to you the most common ones. Orthopaedic procedures, spine surgery, sports medicine related procedures, fertility treatments, plastic surgery, dentistry, eye care and bariatric surgery.
The vaccinations before you head to Spain as a medical traveller are not just essential but mandatory as well. Routine vaccines before going to Spain are Chickenpox (Varicella), Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) and Polio. A set of vaccinations are considered mandatory for a particular set of travellers only like for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Measles only. Before going to Spain, there are other conditions whose vaccinations you need to take such as for Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies.
In Spain, hospitals provide additional facilities that make the treatment procedures seamless for travellers. International patient services have been provided in the hospitals in Spain so that it is an easier journey for medical travellers. Private healthcare insurance is an add on facility that will help you as a medical tourist and it is available in hospitals in Spain. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Barcelona is well known for its advanced child healthcare hospitals and Madrid has highly developed general services and reproductive health services. There is a focus on investments in the medical tourism field in Spain in a futuristic attempt to drive growth in the sector. The excellent healthcare infrastructure is a major draw for medical tourists coming to Spain and there is continuous upgradation of the same with latest technologies.
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