Cervical cancer growth happens in women in the lower some portion of the uterus that associates the vagina in the cells of the cervix. Different strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), an explicitly transmitted infection through sex, plays an important role in transmitting cervical cancer in women.
At the point when subjected to HPV, the body's invulnerable framework regularly keeps the infection from causing harm. In a few of the individuals, if the infection gets by for quite a long time, it can cause some of the cells to become malignant. You can lessen your danger of creating cervical cancerous growth by having screening tests and accepting an antibody that secures against HPV disease.
Areas of female reproductory organs
Female reproductive framework
The beginning period cervical cancer, for the most part, creates no signs or side effects.
Vaginal leaking after intercourse, between periods or after menopause
Watery funny-smelling vaginal discharge in a large amount
Pelvic pain or torment during sex
The factors affecting the cost of cervical cancer treatment are multifold and depends on the patient. The most important factor influencing the cost of cervical cancer treatment is the stage at which cancer has been diagnosed and the extent to which it has spread in the body.
Depending on the stage and the choice of the patient the choice of treatment/surgery also impacts the overall cost of the treatment. Major surgeries include cryosurgery, laser surgery, conization, and hysterectomy.
There are several other factors which will impact the cost of treatment for cervical cancer:
Type and location of the hospital
Cost of medicines and consumables
The total duration of stay in the hospitals
Type of hospital room
Cross consultation fees
Cost of rehabilitation (if needed)
Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.
A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.
Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.
A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through
There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.
More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.
Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:
Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status.
The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:
This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.
Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:
There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).
In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.
In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children.
This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.
Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.
This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.
Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.
Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.
You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.
You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment in Switzerland. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The comprehensive Cervical Cancer Treatment package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. There are many things that may increase the cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment in Switzerland, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 30 days in the country after discharge. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
Switzerland is one of the most popular countries for Cervical Cancer Treatment in the world. The country offers the best cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Cervical Cancer Treatment include the following:
|South Africa||USD 3700|
|United Kingdom||USD 10000|
Apart from the Cervical Cancer Treatment cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment in Switzerland, including the following:
After the Cervical Cancer Treatment takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 5 days. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment in Switzerland. The above mentioned hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Switzerland
Some of the best doctors for Cervical Cancer Treatment in Switzerland are:
The most popular hospitals in Switzerland are:
The country has a large pool of hospitals with modern infrastructure and facilities. The total number of hospitals is around 500 and 12 of them are JCI accredited. The hospitals are efficient enough to provide world-class out-patient services. Also, the increasing number of hospitals has developed to centers of competence for excellent outpatient diagnostic and therapy. Equipped with modern equipment and the latest medical technologies, the multispecialty hospitals in Switzerland are backed by the modern infrastructure to provide world-class treatment.
Healthcare facilities in Switzerland have to sign contracts on quality care in order to meet international standards. Healthcare accreditation is based on the model of the International Standards Organization. Healthcare accreditations are given according to the standard EN 45001 which acts as a benchmark for the quality of test results evaluated as per the set values and requirements, thus contributing to the evaluation of the technical competence of a provider. The health standards offer a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels and across all functions.
A few reasons why Switzerland is leading the way in medical tourism are traditional values of quality, precision, cleanliness, research-focus, and highly qualified experienced staff. Switzerland has modern infrastructure and exceptional research institutes that offer medical care of the highest quality. Switzerland has received worldwide recognition for its contribution to medical innovation and new treatments. Several renowned research institutes have come up with medical breakthroughs and new treatments.The Swiss are well known for their excellence in medical innovation and new treatments. Several world-famous research institutes have contributed to medical breakthroughs and new treatments. Some other reasons why Switzerland is preferred for medical tourism are quality and safe treatments, high level of privacy, and a wide range of treatment specialties.
Yes, the hospitals in Switzerland do accept Health Insurance. You should check the procedures or the treatment options that your chosen health insurance does not cover as well. If it is an approved insurance provider, the hospital will request the GOP (Guarantee of Payment) from the insurance directly to commence your treatment cashless. You should know that the expense of many treatments and processes are not covered by insurance plans, such as cosmetic surgery, pregnancy and abortion, and diagnostic tests. You need to pay for your treatment if your insurance plan is not approved in Switzerland and can ask for reimbursement once you are back in your country.
A large number of people visit Switzerland every year to avail procedures, such as:
These procedures in Switzerland are performed with high success rates because of high-standard clinics available, state-of-the-art technology, and well-trained doctors. Switzerland has gained immense popularity for its excellence in cosmetic surgery and presence of medical health spas which have also made it a preferred spot for medical tourists. The credit for the high success rate of IVF mainly goes to Swiss fertility experts who have been regarded as ‘artists’ due to their skills in fertility treatment and their commitment towards personalized care.
The top-ranked cities that are most preferred by medical tourists in Switzerland are Basel, Geneva, Lausanne, Lugano, Zurich, Lucerne, Bern. Backed by world-class hospitals with highly professional and talented hospitals and modern infrastructure, Switzerland delivers unmatched treatment. Zurich and Geneva attract most of the medical tourists due to their excellent public transportation system, availability of cheap accommodation, and connectivity through airlines. These cities are most preferred by medical tourists because of many other reasons like a large number of hospitals, rich culture, scenic value, availability of translators, and safety of tourists.
Vaccination is highly recommended or required for Switzerland. WHO and CDC recommend the following vaccines
There are routine disease outbreaks in some parts of Switzerland, so don’t forget to have MMR and other routine vaccinations. Vaccines and their dosage vary as per the traveler's age, immunization history, and current medical conditions. Before a trip to Switzerland, you can get pre-exposure vaccination against rabies and yellow fever.
Schengen Visa allows a person to travel to Switzerland to seek medical treatment. A person with this visa can stay in the country for a maximum of 90 days. In case you have to stay for more than 90 days, you need to apply for a National Visa for Medical Treatment. Here is a list of documents that you will require for applying for a medical visa:
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