Cervical Cancer Treatment in India

Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. The treatment options and the diagnosis depend on the stage of cancer, type of cancer and its characteristics.

Cervical Cancer treatment India

India has emerged as medical tourism hub as it offers some of the medical facilities in the world. India produces some of the finest physicians and surgeons, with outstanding in-country teaching hospitals and research centers. Cervical cancer treatment in India has amassed with many years of experience and expertise. Most of the hospitals have a unification of some of the finest oncologist, latest equipment and a team using the best surgical procedures, radiation, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy.

Cost Comparison

Cervical cancer cost in India can help the tourist save a considerable amount of the cost of their complete treatment. The facilities and quality of treatment provided in India are comparable with some of the most preferred medical tourism destinations for cancer treatments like Germany, Singapore, Turkey, and Hungary. The cost of the complete therapy including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormonal therapy may vary from one medical facility to another, but still, they are in the affordable range when compared with the treatment cost available in US or UK.

Treatment and Cost

25

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

5 Day in Hospital

20 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 4500

Hospitals

About the Cervical Cancer Treatment

Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.

A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.

Where does cervical cancer take place?

Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.

Cervical Cancer Causes

A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through a sexual contact with an infected male partner.

There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.

Cervical Cancer Types

More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:

  • Bleeding between periods
  • Bleeding during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Smelly or blood-filled vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain, back pain, and swollen legs
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue 

How is Cervical Cancer Treatment performed?

Cervical Cancer Treatment

Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status. 

The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:

HPV vaccine

This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.

Surgery

Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:

  • Cryosurgery:

    In this method, an extremely cold metal probe is placed directly on the cervix, which kills the abnormal cells by freezing them.
  • Laser surgery:

    In this surgery, a focused laser beam is directed through the vagina which vaporizes abnormal cells.
  • Cervical conization:

    A surgical or laser knife or a thin wire heated with the help of electricity is used to remove cancerous tissue.
  • Total hysterectomy:

    This is a more invasive treatment for cervical cancer, which removes both the body of the uterus and the cervix. But structures next to the uterus such as parametria and uterosacral ligaments, vagina, and pelvic lymph nodes are not removed.

There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).

Radical hysterectomy:

In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.

Radical trachelectomy:

In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children. 

Radiation Therapy

This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.

Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.

Chemotherapy

This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.

Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.Cervical Cancer Treatment Screening Tests and Candidates

Recovery from Cervical Cancer Treatment

Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.

You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.

You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:

  • Stop smoking.
  • Undergo screening at regular intervals.
  • Eat well.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Stay physically active.
  • Take medications or supplements as advised by the doctor. 

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the stages of Cervical Cancer?

Below mentioned are the four stages of cervical cancer:

Stage 0: The presence of precancerous cells is found on the surface of the cervix in the form of CIN 3.

Stage 1: Cancer cells have grown and spread from the surface into the deeper tissues of the cervix and possibly have not spread into the uterus, nearby lymph nodes, organs or distant body parts.

Stage 2: Cancer cells have spread beyond the cervix and uterus but have not moved as far as to the lower parts of the vagina or the pelvic walls.

Stage 3: Cancer has grown up till the walls of the pelvis and possibly to the lower part of the vagina. It has started to affect the bladder or rectum and may cause blocking the ureters, which are the tubes that carry urine from the bladder. Cancer, however, may or may not affect the nearby lymph nodes or other body parts.

Stage 4: It is the last and the most advanced stage of cancer in which cancer has spread beyond the lower part of the vagina to the distant organs, including the liver, bones, lungs, and lymph nodes.

Staying aware of cancer symptoms and seeking medical attention in case of observing any medical symptoms can help in its early detection and treatment, and can also help in increasing the chances of survival.

What are the treatment options available in India for Cervical Cancer?

There are different types of treatment options available in India for the treatment of cervical cancer that involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.

Different types of doctors are involved in treating this medical condition like a gynecologic oncologist, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, etc.

What is the cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment in India?

Below mentioned are the procedure wise cost of cervical cancer treatment in India:

Type of Cervical Cancer SurgeryCost in India (USD)
Conization $1,800
Hysterectomy $3,000
Cryosurgery $4,000
Laser Surgery $3,300

Why shall I opt for India over other destinations for cervical cancer treatment?

Below mentioned are some of the main reasons why India is the most preferable destination for patients who are looking for Cervical Cancer Surgery or treatment:

  • Low cost of treatment: India provides the treatment at 30-50% lesser cost than required for the same procedure and cares in the US and other developed countries without compromising on the treatment quality.
  • Hospitals are equipped with the latest infrastructure and advanced medical technology.
  • The best-in-class medical facility specializing in cancer.
  • Highly experienced doctors and cancer specialists.
Which are the best hospitals in India for Cervical Cancer treatment?

Below is the list of some of the best hospitals in India for Cervical Cancer treatment:

  • Jaypee Hospital, Delhi / NCR, India
  • Venkateshwar Hospital, Delhi, India
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, India
  • Columbia Asia Hospital - Palam Vihar, Delhi / NCR, India
  • Fortis La Femme, Delhi / NCR, India
Who are the best surgeons/doctors for cervical cancer treatment?

Below is the list of some of the best doctors and surgeons in India for Cervical Cancer treatment:

  • Dr. Jalaj Baxi, Senior Consultant Surgical Oncology, Fortis Hospital, Noida, India | Total Experience: 25 Years
  • Dr. Pankaj Kumar Pande, Director- Surgical Oncology, Fortis Hospital, Delhi / NCR, India | Total Experience: 21 Years
  • Dr. Vivek Gupta, Senior Consultant- Surgical Oncology, Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute, Delhi, India | Total Experience: 17 Years
  • Dr. S Gouthaman, Senior Consultant- Surgical Oncology, Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre, Chennai, India | Total Experience: 18 Years
  • Dr. Arvind Kumar Chauhan, Senior Consultant- Surgical Oncology, Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute, Delhi, India | Total Experience: 21 Years
What is the success rate of cervical cancer treatment in India?

The success rate of cervical cancer treatment in India when detected at an early stage with a 5-year survival rate is about 92%. Approximately 45% of the diagnosis of cervical cancer is made at an early stage. If cervical cancer has spread beyond the cervical to the surrounding tissues or organs then the 5-year survival rate of the patient is about 56%.

What are the post-surgery precautions after Cervical Cancer?

The woman who has undergone cervical cancer usually starts to feel better within six weeks of surgery, but complete recovery may take longer. Below are a few of the advisable post-surgery precaution for cervical cancer:

  • Rest: Take things smooth and easy without any stress for the first few weeks. Ask for help from family and friends for chores so that you can rest as much as possible.
  • Lifting: Avoid activities that need to carry or lift anything heavy like carrying anything heavy or vacuuming for a month at the minimum. This time to pause such activities may vary depending on various factors, for instance, the type of surgery you have undergone.
  • Regular check-up: Visit your doctor for regular check-ups. Before starting any mild-to-strong physical movement like exercise or walks.
  • Sex: In case of open surgery, you will need to avoid sexual intercourse for at least 6-8 weeks to give time to the vaginal wound to heal.
  • Diet: Drinking plenty of water and eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables to avoid constipation.
  • Driving: Refrain from driving for a few weeks. You might also check with your insurer if there are any exclusions on your policy regarding major surgery and driving.
What is the health care infrastructure of India / Why should opt for India as a destination for your medical treatment?
India is a large country with a rapidly expanding system of healthcare. Like many other countries, there are public and private hospitals in India. This also includes healthcare at three levels.
  • The primary level of healthcare includes Sub Centres and Primary Health Centres.
  • At the secondary level are District Hospitals and smaller Sub-District hospitals. These are the first referral units, mostly from the primary healthcare centres.
  • Finally, the top level of health care provided is the tertiary level, which consists of Medical Colleges and Specialized Hospitals.
Since India boasts of housing a large number of people, the requirement for good healthcare and treatment in India is always there. And this also means prompt delivery of the service. Most of the treatment in India has to be offered at reasonable costs to enable people of all classes to access it. Hence, you can be assured that this country will be a great destination for your medical treatment whichever hospital in India you wish to choose.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in India? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety.
Here are some JCI certified hospitals in India:
  • Fortis Escorts Health Institutes, Delhi
  • Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Bangalore
  • Fortis Hospital, Bangalore
  • Apollo Hospital, Chennai
  • Sri Ramachandra Medical Center, Chennai
  • Ahalia Foundation Eye Hospital, Kerala
  • Rajagiri Hospital, Kochi
  • Asian Heart Institute, Mumbai
  • Fortis Hospital, Mumbai
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
  • SevenHills Hospitals, Mumbai
  • Apex Heart Institute (A Unit Of TCVS Pvt)
  • Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata.
  • Fortis Hospitals Ltd, Mulund, Mumbai
  • Narayana Multispeciality Hospital Jaipur (A Unit of Narayana Hrudayalaya Ltd.)
Hospitals in India are ever-changing to accommodate more people with up to date technology. Hospitals in India also attract patients from other countries because of their diverse range of services. Apart from allopathy and conventional treatment procedures, the government of India, along with the hospitals in India also promote alternative medical treatment options like Ayurveda, homeopathy, and yoga. All in all, you will find great options for any kind of treatment in India.
Are the doctors/surgeons in India of the best quality?
Doctors and surgeons in India have to get through examinations and continue to uphold the standard of education that is provided to them. Since doctors get exposure to various patients during their course, they are able to diagnose and treat a wide range of diseases and illnesses. Therefore, one can rely on the doctors of India for their medical services.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in India?
The e-Medical Visa for India is an online travel authorization for foreign nationals who wish to seek medical treatment in the country. A medical Indian visa allows the holder to enter the country 3 times.

The e-Medical visa is a short term visa granted for medical treatment reasons. This type of visa is only granted to the patient and not to their family members.

Foreign nationals can acquire an India e-Medical visa by filling in an online application form. This simple process can be done from the comfort of the traveler’s home or office, avoiding a trip to an embassy or consulate.

Applicants must submit their basic personal information, including their full name, nationality, and date of birth. They must also provide a contact email address and phone number as well as their passport details. Finally, some security questions must be answered.

The form is quick and easy to fill out. The approved India medical visa is then delivered to the applicant’s email address within a few business days.
What support services does MediGence provide in India?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in India for medical treatment?
India is a beautiful country spread across the vast expanse of the Asian subcontinent. Most of the metro cities have hospitals, in India, with varying levels of infrastructure. Depending on your need and medical service, you can visit your choice of city.
The capital of India is Delhi and has many renowned hospitals like the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Max Super speciality Hospital Fortis Hospitals, etc.
Other cities offering effective medical care include Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, and Hyderabad. These cities come under some of the major metro cities of India.

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