Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. The treatment options and the diagnosis depend on the stage of cancer, type of cancer and its characteristics.
India has emerged as medical tourism hub as it offers some of the medical facilities in the world. India produces some of the finest physicians and surgeons, with outstanding in-country teaching hospitals and research centers. Cervical cancer treatment in India has amassed with many years of experience and expertise. Most of the hospitals have a unification of some of the finest oncologist, latest equipment and a team using the best surgical procedures, radiation, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy.
Cervical cancer cost in India can help the tourist save a considerable amount of the cost of their complete treatment. The facilities and quality of treatment provided in India are comparable with some of the most preferred medical tourism destinations for cancer treatments like Germany, Singapore, Turkey, and Hungary. The cost of the complete therapy including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormonal therapy may vary from one medical facility to another, but still, they are in the affordable range when compared with the treatment cost available in US or UK.
Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.
A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.
Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.
A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through
There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.
More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.
Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:
Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status.
The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:
This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.
Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:
There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).
In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.
In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children.
This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.
Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.
This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.
Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.
Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.
You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.
You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:
Below mentioned are the four stages of cervical cancer:
Stage 0: The presence of precancerous cells is found on the surface of the cervix in the form of CIN 3.
Stage 1: Cancer cells have grown and spread from the surface into the deeper tissues of the cervix and possibly have not spread into the uterus, nearby lymph nodes, organs or distant body parts.
Stage 2: Cancer cells have spread beyond the cervix and uterus but have not moved as far as to the lower parts of the vagina or the pelvic walls.
Stage 3: Cancer has grown up till the walls of the pelvis and possibly to the lower part of the vagina. It has started to affect the bladder or rectum and may cause blocking the ureters, which are the tubes that carry urine from the bladder. Cancer, however, may or may not affect the nearby lymph nodes or other body parts.
Stage 4: It is the last and the most advanced stage of cancer in which cancer has spread beyond the lower part of the vagina to the distant organs, including the liver, bones, lungs, and lymph nodes.
Staying aware of cancer symptoms and seeking medical attention in case of observing any medical symptoms can help in its early detection and treatment, and can also help in increasing the chances of survival.
There are different types of treatment options available in India for the treatment of cervical cancer that involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.
Different types of doctors are involved in treating this medical condition like a gynecologic oncologist, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, etc.
Below mentioned are the procedure wise cost of cervical cancer treatment in India:
|Type of Cervical Cancer Surgery||Cost in India (USD)|
Below mentioned are some of the main reasons why India is the most preferable destination for patients who are looking for Cervical Cancer Surgery or treatment:
Below is the list of some of the best hospitals in India for Cervical Cancer treatment:
Below is the list of some of the best doctors and surgeons in India for Cervical Cancer treatment:
The success rate of cervical cancer treatment in India when detected at an early stage with a 5-year survival rate is about 92%. Approximately 45% of the diagnosis of cervical cancer is made at an early stage. If cervical cancer has spread beyond the cervical to the surrounding tissues or organs then the 5-year survival rate of the patient is about 56%.
The woman who has undergone cervical cancer usually starts to feel better within six weeks of surgery, but complete recovery may take longer. Below are a few of the advisable post-surgery precaution for cervical cancer:
India has two accreditation standards for its healthcare organisations. The first one is National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers has been recognised as one of these standards. Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH). National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers is a much vied for accreditation standard by healthcare providers. Joint Commission International, a not for profit organization giving certification to numerous healthcare institutions in India and abroad is the other standard.
World-class medical treatment is offered at affordable cost in Indian multispecialty hospitals. All kinds of surgeries are offered at these multispecialty hospitals. The hospitals are providing the general medical needs with the specialties. The hospitals that are providing the best treatment in India are:
Affordable healthcare and superior infrastructure are the main reasons for the popularity of India in the medical tourism sector. India has some of the finest hospitals in the world that use high-end technologies at par with the western world and adhere to international health standards. Indian pool of qualified doctors are highly professional, extremely competent and provide treatment with precision and accuracy. There are several important factors that make India the most favored destination for medical travelers the world over like ease of communication, ease of travel, visa assistance and alternative treatment availability.
The proficiency of Indian doctors is well considered the world over considering their excellent skills and the precision with which they apply the skills to treat patients. Newer healthcare challenges are met with great degree of confidence by doctors in India which translates to satisfied patients. Indian medical fraternity boasts of being an alumni of the best educational institutions in the world. You will feel right at home with the best of medical care that Indian doctors and surgeons can provide you with.
As a medical traveler, you begin your travel journey with packing. Travel documents, medical documents and ready finances are needed for your India visit The documents needed for your medical treatment in India are as follows:
We bring to you the popular procedures being routinely accomplished in India:
The positive evolution towards increasingly advanced techniques and technologies has lead to a steady upgradation in the popular procedures performed in India. In Indian medical landscape, procedures like heart surgeries, orthopaedic procedures, organ transplants and cancer treatments are gaining popularity because of good doctors and the relatively lower costs of treatment. A strength that aids the growth in the number of popular procedures available in India is the abundance of good hospitals and healthcare facilities.
Essential vaccinations and up-to-date immunisations are needed for every kind of international travel. The medical tourists with India as their destination are also required to get it done. Please remain updated with the travel advisory issued by the Government of India or remain in touch with the hospital in India to get complete information on vaccination guidelines. The vaccinations like hepatitis A, hepatitis B, Covid, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, DPT, measles, yellow fever have become essential before your India visit.
Indian hospitals are well equipped to give International patients the safety and comfort that they need during their India stay. Any kind of travel, stay and treatment related assistance for medical tourists coming to India is provided by international patient care centers present in hospitals here. The health care providers in India are committed to giving their all to make your stay in the hospital comfortable. The medical travellers coming to India are made to feel home with facilities like room reservation, visa and embassy assistance, hotel services and apartment bookings, language interpretation services, tele-consults and pre departure evaluation.
Some of the leading medical tourism destinations in India are Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru. The world class medical services in India make it a medical tourism hub. Owing to the availability of exceptional medical facilities, the patient care and all round medical care at affordable prices have made India an attraction for tourists. Both the private sector and the Government of India are making sure to promote in the growth of the medical tourism sector in India and the results are for everyone to see.
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