Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.
A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.
Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.
A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through
There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.
More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.
Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:
Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status.
The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:
This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.
Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:
There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).
In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.
In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children.
This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.
Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.
This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.
Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.
Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.
You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.
You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:
The cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment procedure starts from USD 2500 in Tunisia. Many multispeciality hospitals in Tunisia that are TEMOS certified are approved and most sought after for treating international patients with Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical Cancer Treatment package cost in Tunisia has different inclusions and exclusions. Some of the best hospitals for Cervical Cancer Treatment offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The comprehensive Cervical Cancer Treatment package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Cervical Cancer Treatment in Tunisia.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 30 days after discharge. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Tunisia is considered to be one of the best places for Cervical Cancer Treatment in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for Cervical Cancer Treatment include the following:
|South Africa||USD 3700|
|United Kingdom||USD 10000|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Cervical Cancer Treatment cost. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Cervical Cancer Treatment in Tunisia is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
The average duration of stay at the hospital after Cervical Cancer Treatment is about 5 days for proper care and monitoring. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Cervical Cancer Treatment in Tunisia. Such clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
The most popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia are:
The popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia are well known for the personal touch and the high quality in service delivery. The multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia diagnose conditions, even complex health conditions and treat them with finesse and efficiency. The advanced healthcare infrastructure in the hospitals and clinics in Tunisia makes for a pretty good reason for you to get your healthcare in the country.
The world class infrastructure in the healthcare institutions such as hospitals and clinics in Tunisia are a good reason for you to opt for treatment in Tunisia. The hospitals and clinics in Tunisia have not only the most qualified medical and paramedical personnel but quality administrative professionals as well making Tunisia a good choice for your healthcare. You can choose to get healthcare from Tunisia because of the lower costs, lesser waiting times and an all embracing approach to healthcare right from consultation to treatment follow ups or rehabilitation. You must opt for your healthcare in Tunisia because of the high cleanliness standards of the hospitals and clinics in Tunisia and the safe and secure environment of the country.
The practical training and long term experience of doctors in Tunisia enables them to work well under pressure for long hours which translates to great results. In their quest to learn and apply that knowledge to treat patients satisfactorily, the doctors in Tunisia get the best of education and upgrade their qualifications throughout their career. As a patient, you feel confident in your doctor in Tunisia as they are known to be good managers; they have to liaison with fellow doctors, other healthcare professionals, hospital personnel and leading teams when performing procedures successfully. The doctors in Tunisia are great at leading medical, surgical teams and are experienced in liaising with doctors and healthcare professionals giving you the confidence as a patient that you are in good hands.
The important documents that are needed for your medical travel to Tunisia are mentioned here for your convenience:
The important documents that are needed for your medical travel to Tunisia are mentioned here for your convenience. An essential document for your medical travel to Tunisia, the medical visa would now be easier to get with the introduction of a more seamless online visa application process. The medical travel preparation to Tunisia would necessarily involve two important documents vis a vis the medical visa invitation letter and the medical treatment recommendation letter.
The popular procedures available in Tunisia are as follows:
The medical tourism industry in Tunisia is growing leaps and bounds and one of the main reason for this are the Spine and Orthopaedic procedures. Breast Cancer treatment is a strength of the oncologists in Tunisia and one of the main reasons for the increasing number of medical travellers heading to the country. The types of popular procedures being performed everyday in Tunisia are growing in number and scope but of the existing ones, gynecological procedures such as fibroid removal surgery are performed routinely.
It is mandatory to take vaccinations before going to Tunisia and we are listing the important ones here.
To make sure that you are well prepared for your journey to Tunisia by getting vaccinated as per guidelines of WHO: World Health Organisation and CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency with both the recommended vaccines and the routine vaccines. When you are traveling to Tunisia, there are some vaccines that help you be proactively protected from ailments and are considered mandatory or routine and there are others that are suggested for certain potential hazards like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid and Rabies. Though many health organisations recommend getting vaccinated before your medical travel to Tunisia, it is a wise move even without the suggested guidelines.
It is the many additional facilities extended by the hospitals in Tunisia that make yourdecision to head to the country for medical travel easier. We have outlined for you the various additional facilities that are there in the hospitals in Tunisia:
In Tunisia, the healthcare organisations make it possible for you to ascribe to virtual consultations pre treatment and engage in evaluations and follow ups through virtual mediums. There are other facilities that are in hospitals in Tunisia like presence of dietitians, physiotherapists and prayer rooms.
The potential of Tunisia as a world class medical tourism destination is because of the synergy of the tourist attractions in its many governorates with the outstanding healthcare infrastructure available. The medical tourism destinations within Tunis are outlined here:
Tunisia ranks 38 among the 46 global destinations on the 2020-2021 Medical Tourism Index owing in no small measure to its liberal economy, strong healthcare focus, close ties with European union, Arab countries and a booming tourism industry. The warm hospitality, easy visa norms, good healthcare at affordable prices together make Tunisia a major medical tourism destination.
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