Cervical cancer growth happens in women in the lower some portion of the uterus that associates the vagina in the cells of the cervix. Different strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), an explicitly transmitted infection through sex, plays an important role in transmitting cervical cancer in women.

At the point when subjected to HPV, the body's invulnerable framework regularly keeps the infection from causing harm. In a few of the individuals, if the infection gets by for quite a long time, it can cause some of the cells to become malignant. You can lessen your danger of creating cervical cancerous growth by having screening tests and accepting an antibody that secures against HPV disease. 

Symptoms of patients undergoing cervical cancer treatment

  1. Areas of female reproductory organs 

  2. Female reproductive framework 

  3. The beginning period cervical cancer, for the most part, creates no signs or side effects. 

Signs and indications of further developed cervical malignant growth include: 

  1. Vaginal leaking after intercourse, between periods or after menopause 

  2. Watery funny-smelling vaginal discharge in a large amount

  3. Pelvic pain or torment during sex

Factors affecting the cost of cervical cancer treatment

The factors affecting the cost of cervical cancer treatment are multifold and depends on the patient. The most important factor influencing the cost of cervical cancer treatment is the stage at which cancer has been diagnosed and the extent to which it has spread in the body. 

Depending on the stage and the choice of the patient the choice of treatment/surgery also impacts the overall cost of the treatment. Major surgeries include cryosurgery, laser surgery, conization, and hysterectomy. 

There are several other factors which will impact the cost of treatment for cervical cancer: 

  1. Type and location of the hospital

  2. Cost of medicines and consumables

  3. The total duration of stay in the hospitals

  4. Type of hospital room

  5. Cross consultation fees

  6. Cost of rehabilitation (if needed)

  7. Accommodation expenses

  8. Food expenses

Treatment and Cost

25

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

5 Day in Hospital

20 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 3700

Hospitals

Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cancer cells that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus. It is the entrance of the uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women around the world. It is the fourth leading cause of death caused by cancer in women. However, the important thing to note is that cervical cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer and early diagnosis of the disease can improve the mortality rate amongst patients.

A dramatic reduction in cervical cancer occurrence is primarily due to the widespread use of advanced screening tests such as pap tests to detect cervical abnormalities and allow for early treatment.

Where does cervical cancer take place?

Under normal circumstances, the ectocervix is covered with flat, thin cells called squamous cells and the endocervix is made up of another kind of cells called columnar cells. The area where these cells meet is called the transformation (T) zone. The T zone is the most likely location for cervical cancer cells to develop.

Cervical Cancer Causes

A majority of cervical cancer cases occur because of a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus. It can transfer through a sexual contact with an infected male partner.

There are many types of the HPV virus and not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of the HPV may cause genital warts. Some other cervical cancer risk factors include smoking, weak immune system, oral contraceptives, and multiple pregnancies.

Cervical Cancer Types

More than 90 percent of the cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The second most common type of cervical cancer is adenocarcinoma. Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas are some of the rare types of cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Usually, there are no early signs of cervical cancer, but several cervical cancer symptoms may appear as the tumor grows in size. Some of the common cervical cancer symptoms include the following:

  • Bleeding between periods
  • Bleeding during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Smelly or blood-filled vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain, back pain, and swollen legs
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue 

Cervical Cancer Treatment

Cervical cancer that is confined to the cervix has good success rate if treated on time. The farther the cancer cells have metastasized, the lower the success rate tends to be. The selection of a cervical cancer treatment option depends on the stage, size, and depth of invasion of cancer, as well as the patient's age and overall health status. 

The most common cervical cancer treatment options include:

HPV vaccine

This is more of a preventive treatment option. Getting sexually-active women enrolled in an HPV vaccination program can substantially reduce cervical cancer rates.

Surgery

Cervical cancer surgery can be used to remove cancer cells from their place of origin and the surrounding tissues. The common types of surgery used for cervical cancer treatment include:

  • Cryosurgery:

    In this method, an extremely cold metal probe is placed directly on the cervix, which kills the abnormal cells by freezing them.
  • Laser surgery:

    In this surgery, a focused laser beam is directed through the vagina which vaporizes abnormal cells.
  • Cervical conization:

    A surgical or laser knife or a thin wire heated with the help of electricity is used to remove cancerous tissue.
  • Total hysterectomy:

    This is a more invasive treatment for cervical cancer, which removes both the body of the uterus and the cervix. But structures next to the uterus such as parametria and uterosacral ligaments, vagina, and pelvic lymph nodes are not removed.

There are different ways to conduct a hysterectomy, including abdominal hysterectomy (abdomen incision), vaginal hysterectomy (the uterus is removed through the vagina), laparoscopic hysterectomy (keyhole surgery by laparoscope) and robotic hysterectomy (laparoscopy attached to robotic arms).

Radical hysterectomy:

In this type of cervical cancer surgery, the surgeon removes the uterus along with the tissues next to the uterus. The upper part of the vagina next to the cervix can also be removed. However, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes are not removed unless there is any other medical reason to do so.

Radical trachelectomy:

In this kind of surgery, the surgeon removes the cervix and the upper part of the vagina, but not the body of the uterus. This surgery allows women to be treated without losing their ability to have children. 

Radiation Therapy

This treatment for cervical cancer makes use of high energy X-rays or radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given as external beam or as internal radiation (brachytherapy) to the pelvis.

Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can be used as a part of the main treatment or it can be used after surgery for cervical cancer removal. Patients are sometimes given radiation therapy with chemotherapy to further reduce the risk of cancer relapse.

Chemotherapy

This treatment makes use of anti-cancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The cytotoxic medicines used in chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body. This makes chemotherapy treatment useful for preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing in most parts of the body. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with each treatment period followed by a recovery time.

Cytotoxic drugs are effective in killing cancer cells but, it also damages some normal cells, which can lead to certain side effects. These side effects depend on the type and dosage of the drugs.Cervical Cancer Treatment Screening Tests and Candidates

Recovery after cervical cancer treatment may take a long time, but you will be relieved that cancer has been removed. You will be required to make regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few years. The doctors will check your recovery and any signs of cancer coming back with the help of PAP smear and certain blood tests.

You will be advised to undergo a physical exam every three to six months initially and every six months for a few years. Since you no longer have the cervix, the cells samples for PAP smear test will be taken from the upper part of the vagina.

You must take the following steps to minimize your risk of cervical cancer recurrence:

  • Stop smoking.
  • Undergo screening at regular intervals.
  • Eat well.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Stay physically active.
  • Take medications or supplements as advised by the doctor. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Like most countries, hospitals in South Africa are based upon public and private healthcare systems. There are three main levels of healthcare based upon the payment method of the patient.
  • The full paying patients are those who usually prefer to be treated by a doctor working in the private sector. They can also be funded by an external source. Many non-South African citizens also prefer this treatment service.
  • Fully subsidized patients are those who have been referred from a Primary Healthcare Service Hospital.
  • Partially subsidized patients are patients whose costs are subsidized based on the amount of their income.
The public healthcare system has three main centers for health under its wing:
  • Clinics - These are run by trained professionals and nurses. They can serve as the first point of contact for a patient.
  • Community Healthcare Centre - This is a bigger setup, complete with full-fledged services and doctors and nurses.
  • Hospital - A patient usually gets here after a referral from a clinic or community health center. One can also go in for emergencies. A hospital provides various services like performing surgery and treating chronic illnesses.
Hospitals in South Africa are gearing up to tackle major illnesses and to provide better treatment options. The South African government is also working to introduce policies and towards accommodating more patients from all across the world. It is a great country to find affordable treatment options.
The Joint Commission International (JCI) accredits and certifies most health care organizations and programs all around the world. Joint Commission International Accreditation and Certification is recognized as the global leader for health care quality of care and patient safety.
Doctors associated with Medigence are of the best quality. We hope to give our patients a pleasant experience and the best doctors we can find. Since South Africa has a lot of requirements in the field of healthcare, the country attracts doctors from all over the world to contribute their services. This can help to ensure that even you receive the best quality of doctors.
One can apply for a visa to South Africa for a period of 90 days. The High Commission of India can then help one decide for how long a visa can be extended. This usually differs from person to person. The Medical Visa allows a person to stay for a maximum of six months with a valid visa. After this, one can go to the FRO office ( Foreigner’s Registration Office ) or FRRO (Foreigner's Regional Registration Office) and request for an extension. Do note that the validity of a visa begins on the day it is issued by the High Commission of India and not on the date of departure. Applications for visas will not be accepted more than 30 days prior to departure.
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
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  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
While many cities are striving to create some of the best hospitals in South Africa, Durban, Lenasia, and Cape Town already have some very good hospitals for treatment in South Africa. Located in Durban, Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre is a reasonable and affordable hospital in South Africa. Life Kingsbury Hospital in Capetown provides a holistic healing environment for patients. One can also opt for the Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital in Lenasia. This hospital has been running for nearly 30 years now and various medical facilities can be availed from here.

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