Breast Cancer is an abnormal growth of breast cells, that can be felt as a lump or mass and termed as a tumor. These tumor cells can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous(benign). The cancer cells can spread to the breast, lymph nodes present in the armpits, or to other parts of the body. Breast cancer treatment and prognosis will mainly depend on its type, spread, stage, and health of the patient.
Surgery is usually the prime line of attack against breast cancer. Decisions about surgery depend on many factors like the stage of cancer. Breast cancer surgery is a fundamental component of breast cancer treatment that involves eliminating cancer with an operation. Breast cancer surgery may be used solely or in combination with other treatments, like chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and radiation therapy.
Breast cancer surgery procedures are surgery to remove the entire breast (mastectomy), surgery to remove a portion of the breast tissue (lumpectomy), surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes, and surgery to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy. Breast cancer surgery depends highly on the size and stage of cancer, and also other available treatment options. Types of reconstruction involved are breast reconstruction with flap surgery, breast reconstruction with implants, lumpectomy, mastectomy. The aim of breast cancer surgery is to eliminate cancer cells from the breast.
Medicana Ankara International Hospital
Liv Hospital Ulus
Avcilar Anadolu Hospital
Memorial Sisli Hospital
Medipol Mega University Hospital
There is a 74% success rate for this treatment in Turkey. In Turkey, the average cost of Breast Cancer Treatment starts from USD 3000, and in the United States, it ranges from 20,000 USD to 100,000 USD. The cost of treatment in India ranges from 7000 USD to 28,000 USD.
The recent advances made in breast cancer treatment have revolutionized the way how women from this rare disorder are diagnosed and suggested a personalized treatment plan. These advances have made it easier for the doctors to arrive at a treatment plan, which is most suitable for the patient as per their individual characteristics and needs.
Different breast cancer treatment options help destruct complex mixture of cancer cells, which are otherwise difficult to treat using conventional breast cancer treatment. The treatment is started by the doctors handling the case as soon as the breast cancer diagnosis is confirmed.
Before the article delves into the different breast cancer treatment options, lets first take a look at how breast cancer develops and what are its symptoms and diagnosis methods.
Breast cancer primarily affects females aged above 40. However, that does not mean that it does not affect women aged below 40. Breast cancer can also affect males, although rarely.
Breast cancer starts in the cells of either one or both the breasts. It accounts for more than 16 percent of female cancer and contributes to 18.2 percent of all deaths that take place around the world because of cancer.
In the US alone, breast cancer affects more than 232,000 females and 2,200 males each year. It leads to death of more than 39,000 breast cancer patients in a year.
The symptoms of breast cancer can be easily identified at home through breast self-examination. You should consult your physician on how to conduct this exam at home.
The most common breast cancer symptoms include:
In case of more aggressive breast cancer called inflammatory breast cancer, severe redness and itching may be present.
The patients are advised to contact their physician as soon as they notice any of the symptoms of breast cancer. The physician is the best person to diagnose whether it is normal or inflammatory best cancer, and accordingly, suggest treatment for breast cancer.
The exact reason that causes breast cancer is unclear, despite the fact that every eighth woman suffers from it. However, there are several factors that have been associated with the development of breast cancer. Some of the breast cancer risk factors include:
The risk of breast cancer naturally increases as women age. The risk is also higher in women who have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, possess BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes or who have had their periods before the age of 12.
Most commonly, as a part of treatment for breast cancer, a surgery is conducted to remove the cancerous lump or growth from breasts. Depending on the extent of cancer and its stage, surgery may be accompanied by another form of treatment as well, which are conducted either before or after the surgery.
The doctor decides upon a breast cancer treatment plan that is most suitable for the patient. The decision may depend upon the extent of spread, the overall health of the patient, the stage and the type of breast cancer (inflammatory, cancer during pregnancy, lobular carcinoma, ductal carcinoma and invasive breast cancer).
The team that conducts breast cancer treatment includes a surgeon, medical oncologist, and a radiation oncologist. The different breast cancer treatment options are divided into two types:
Local Treatment: This type of treatment is localized, that is, it is only used to treat one specific location or primary site affected by cancer. It does not have any impact on the rest of the body.
The following are the two types of local treatment:
It is the most common form of treatment that targets to remove as much cancer from the primary location as possible. There are different types of surgeries, which can be selected by the doctor depending upon the requirement.
Radiation is required by some breast cancer patients, mostly in addition to other types of treatment. It is typically used in case of patients who have undergone mastectomy, breast-conserving surgery or if cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Delivering high dose radiation to the affected part of the body helps reduce the chances of cancer recurrence.
The radiation can either be delivered externally or by placing a small radioactive pallet in the affected area internally. The latter form of radiation therapy is known as brachytherapy.
This type of treatment involves the used of drugs that can be administered either orally or intravenously. The choice of drugs depends on the type of systemic treatment opted for, which, in turn, is dependent upon the extent and the type of cancer.
Of all the three forms of systemic treatment, chemotherapy is the most common. Chemotherapy is recommended before the surgery to reduce the size of the tumor and after the surgery to kill off the remaining cancer cells. It involves the intravenous administration of specific anti-cancer drugs.
Hormone therapy is most commonly used in cases when the patient has tested HER-2 positive in the biopsy. Targeted therapy, on the other hand, is less commonly used.
Recovery after breast cancer treatment is less painful and traumatic as compared to some of the other types of critical cancers. Therefore are, however, certain changes that breast cancer patients may have to deal with after their treatment. Some of these changes include the following:
The medications after cancer treatment may continue for a few years to keep the regrowth of cancer cells in check. It may take several months for the patient to recover from the after-effects of cancer treatment.
Medicana Ankara International Hospital
Widely admired as the best healthcare center in Turkey, the MAIH outrivals others in many oncology departments, including breast cancer. The physicians of the hospital are quite proficient in their field and, thus, offer a perfect diagnosis and prognosis for your disease. If you do need to undergo a surgical procedure for your purpose, then Dr. F. Yetisir can be your best option.
Liv Hospital Ulus
Whether you believe it or not, but LIV Hospital is the only healthcare center in Istanbul that has accreditation on robotic surgery, colorectal operation, and bariatric procedure. Dr. M. Fayda of this hospice is considered to be one of the bests in the department. Hence, make sure to take his help for your cause.
Avcilar Anadolu Hospital
Located at the heart of the city of Istanbul, the Anadolu Hospital can be yet another excellent option for your purpose. It is one of those centers in Turkey that efficiently uses laparoscopic surgery to operate its patients. Dr. M. Cakmakci would be your ideal alternative in this respect.
Memorial Sisli Hospital
If you are looking for an affordable option, then Sisli Hospital can be an excellent option for your cause. There are several world-renowned doctors, such as Dr. A. Gocmen, who can potentially cure your condition. Hence, if you end up choosing this one over others, then don't worry. You will be in safe hands.
Medipol Mega University Hospital
Lastly, we are going to finish our list with one of the specialists in the department of breast cancer surgery, Medipol. It is one of those rare Turkish hospitals that use robotic surgery to take out its patients from the grasp of the deadly disease. So, if you are thinking about opting for this one, then make sure to choose Dr. S.S. Anak for your purpose.
A large number of patients visit Turkey every year to receive world-class treatments at an affordable price. The country is flocked with several top-class multispecialty hospitals which offer top quality medical treatments and are backed by state-of-art medical technology, highly trained and skilled doctors, and excellent facilitates. Hospitals strictly adhere to stringent medical protocols and international standards to ensure quality of treatment and safety of patients. Some of the top multispecialty hospitals in Turkey are:
Joint Commission International (JCI) is the major healthcare accrediting body in Turkey. All the accredited hospitals in Turkey are bound to ensure top quality medical care and adhere to international standards set by the accreditation body. The standards set a benchmark for quality assurance by hospitals. The standards require regular monitoring of critical events related to treatments and offer a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels.
People opt for healthcare in Turkey because of the excellent healthcare infrastructure like hospitals, clinics, and health centers. Cost of medical treatments, consultation costs, and cost of medicines are less in Turkey. Hospitals and healthcare centers in Turkey strive to provide Western-standardized care to their patients. Doctors in Turkey are well-qualified and many of them are trained in America and Europe who prefer to practice in Turkey.
Turkey has some of the finest doctors in the world who have delivered excellent results, ensuring complete patient satisfaction. The highly qualified doctors have been educated at premier educational institutions where they have rigorous training. Doctors in Turkey have deep subject knowledge and their skill set and area of expertise are vast. Board-certified doctors demonstrate their ability to practice at the top of their profession and deliver high-quality care to their patients.
When traveling to Turkey for medical treatment, you need to carry documents like medical History, test reports, records, doctor referral notes, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance. You need to pay extra heed on packing when traveling to another country for medical treatment Before you leave your country, make sure you have all the listed documents with you. The required documents may vary as per your destination, so please check before traveling.
The most sought-after treatments available in Turkey are:
Most of these popular procedures have a success rate and are available at an affordable cost. Besides offering popular procedures, hospitals in Turkey provide the best possible treatments in almost every therapeutic area. Turkey’s advanced medical technology available at lower costs has made the country the best destination for popular procedures all across the world.
Some of the most popular medical tourist destinations in Turkey are Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya. Affordable medical care with world-class facilities, impeccable patient care, and easily available medical visas make the country a foremost choice for international patients. Turkey with a number of world-class cities attracts almost one million medical tourists every year due to several reasons like world-class infrastructure, transportation facilities, availability of medical visas, and a wide range of food options. With cities full of mesmerizing sandy beaches and long history, Turkey is regarded as one of the popular tourist destinations.
Hospitals in Turkey offer world-class facilities to international patients to ensure safety and comfort throughout their stay in Turkey. Hospitals in Turkey offer all necessary facilities, such as visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and multiple food options. Hospitals in Turkey help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Yes, the hospitals in Turkey accept health insurance. You need to inform the hospital if you have any health insurance that is internationally valid. Contact your insurance company in your country to check whether the procedure you want to avail is covered at the hospital in Turkey. The hospital will ask for the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance to start your treatment cashless in case it is an approved insurance provider.
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