The Fontan procedure is performed in children with a special type of congenital disorders that leaves them with a single functioning ventricle. There are two ventricles in the heart, one supplies blood to the lungs while the other pumps blood to the rest of the body parts.
Some children may be born with just one functional ventricle because of an absence of a heart valve or an abnormality in the ability of the ventricles to pump blood. As a result, a single ventricle has to work hard to supply blood to the lungs and the rest of the body at the same time. In such children, the Fontan procedure is performed.
The Fontan procedure is usually conducted when the child is between the age two and five. However, it can be conducted before two years of age. The Fontan procedure is contraindicated in children with high pulmonary vascular resistance. This is because as a part of this procedure, the blood must flow through the lungs without the pumping function of the heart. The Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in children with mitral insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. The Fontan operation is also conducted in adults with this defect. The treatment is more complicated in such patients, as adults are more likely to develop Protein-Losing Enteropathy (PLE). It is a condition in which the protein is lost through the gut and it may lead to internal bleeding and fluid retention. But the complications resolve on its own when the surgery is performed. Such patients may sometimes even need a heart transplant.
The Fontan procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The patient is shifted to the surgical room an hour before the actual time of the surgery. General anesthesia is administered and once the patient is in deep sleep, a tube is inserted into the windpipe.
The body of the patient is connected to machines so that his or her vital parameters can be observed throughout the surgery and after that.The main purpose of the surgery is to optimize the Fontan circulation so that a single ventricle is able to effectively pump pure blood to the entire body and the impure blood to the lungs without any pumping mechanism. During the surgery, the surgeon opens the thoracic cavity by cutting through the sternum, which is a bone attached to the ribs. Doing so provides direct access to the heart.
Next, the surgeon uses either the extra-cardiac method or the lateral tunnel method to make the impure blood reach the lungs. The create a hole between the Fontan circuit and the right atrium to relieve the pressure. The hole, also known as “fenestration,” closes of its own later or can be closed off later with the help of cardiac catheterization.
The patient is transferred to the recovery room after the surgery and this is where all his or her vital signs are monitored for a couple of hours. Once the patient is stable, he or she is transferred to the cardiac ward.
The doctors may administer painkillers to control pain after the surgery. Expect the patient to be kept in the hospital for a few days. Additionally, eating and drinking are restricted for a few days after the surgery. Once the bowel movement resumes normally, the patient is given a light diet and fluids. This may take anywhere from two to three days. The medications and fluids are administered through an IV line until the patient starts taking normal diet. The dressing is changed every day during the hospital stay. A majority of patients are able to return to their normal routine within the first three months of the surgery. They are advised to increase their activities gradually and not to exert themselves too much.
Fontan Procedure cost in Spain varies from one hospital to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Spain generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Fontan Procedure in Spain includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. There are many things that may increase the cost of Fontan Procedure in Spain, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
There are several best hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Spain. Some of the most renowned hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Spain include the following:
After Fontan Procedure in Spain, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 30 days. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
Spain is undoubtedly one of the best countries for Fontan Procedure in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Fontan Procedure as well:
There are certain expenses additional to the Fontan Procedure cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Fontan Procedure in Spain, including the following:
Patients can also avail to attend a video teleconsultation with the Fontan Procedure surgeon in Spain. the following are some of the top doctors offering Fontan Procedure in Spain:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Juli Carballo||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Antonio Berruezo||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Xavier Ruyra Baliarda||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Josep Brugada||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Raul F Abella||USD 606||Schedule Now|
The patient has to spend about 7 days in the hospital after Fontan Procedure for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 6 hospitals that offer Fontan Procedure in Spain. The above mentioned hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
The healthcare accredition standards followed in Spain have ensured that the quality of healthcare is maintained at every level of functioning. The healthcare providers in Spain are all top performers in the many healthcare parameters. Joint Commission International is an international accrediting agency which is giving the quality stamp of approval to hospitals in Spain. The final results of the accrediting body can be fully trusted to be reliable owing to the highly skilled professionals who complete this evaluation process.
There is a good number of popular multispecialty hospital groups in Spain that are servicing patients from different hues and backgrounds for a long time. The hospitals in Spain are some of the best in the world and cover so many different specialties under individual roofs. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
In multispecialty hospital groups in Spain, the scope of treatment possible is really wide at every multispecialty hospital which makes it possible for patients to get treated for a number of conditions under one roof.
The world class healthcare infrastructure in Spain is equipped with cutting edge technological upgradation. The skills and competence of doctors in Spain in treating different kinds of conditions is vouched for by the topmost healthcare professionals of the world. If you are planning to get your treatment done in Spain you are at an advantage as their is universal cost coverage (except prescription drugs) or uni payer system. The world class medical facilities are combined with a great tourism potential in cities and towns of Spain and this is why you should opt for healthcare in Spain.Their is symbiotic relationship of wonderful tourist towns and cities with exceptional healthcare facilities, making Spain a natural choice as a medical tourism destination.
The doctors in Spanish hospitals have a good grasp of their field as they have gained knowledge from some of the best educational institutions in the world. In Spain, the doctors have refined their medical and surgical skills with years of hands on experience. The doctors in Spain have a zest for learning and application of new medical and surgical techniques as well as technologies.Whether it is learning new techniques or practical application of the new technologies, the doctors in Spain are adept at it all. Language is also not a barrier as it is easy to find doctors in Spain who speak english.
When traveling to Spain for your medical treatment please start by creating a checklist for the documents that you need to carry. The documents should be an asset to you during your medical treatment and the required travel to Spain. Travel documents that are essential are financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs, employment documents (as per status) and passport, visa, roundtrip ticket, travel medical insurance, accomodation proof and civil status proof. Please do carry your medical documents as well such as medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
Spain is a medical tourism destination that has long been frequented by travelers the world over. Spain is a sporting center and thus fields like sports medicine and orthopaedics are well developed fields. With an advanced health ecosystem, all kinds of procedures are done in Spain but we are listing some of the focus areas here. Fertility treatments, plastic surgery, elective surgery, dentistry, eye care, bariatric surgery, orthopaedic procedures, spine surgery and sports medicine related procedures.
As you head to Spain as a medical traveler, please understand that it is mandatory to get yourself vaccinated before you start your journey. There are certain vaccinations that are routinely taken before going to Spain such as for Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), Polio and Chickenpox (Varicella). A set of vaccinations are considered mandatory for a particular set of travellers only like for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Measles only. Before going to Spain, there are other conditions whose vaccinations you need to take such as for Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies.
In Spain, hospitals provide additional facilities that make the treatment procedures seamless for travellers. The International patient services is one such helpful facility provided in major hospitals in Spain. If you are visiting Spain as a medical tourist, it helps if you can avail of private health insurance and this is a facility available in hospitals in Spain. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Barcelona is well known for its advanced child healthcare hospitals and Madrid has highly developed general services and reproductive health services. Medical tourism is one of the key industries in Spain and there is an increased investment drive to further enhance the capabilities of this sector. Health Infrastructure is a major draw for medical tourists coming to Spain and their is a constant effort to bring in the latest technologies to upgrade it.
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