The Fontan procedure is performed in children with a special type of congenital disorders that leaves them with a single functioning ventricle. There are two ventricles in the heart, one supplies blood to the lungs while the other pumps blood to the rest of the body parts.
Some children may be born with just one functional ventricle because of an absence of a heart valve or an abnormality in the ability of the ventricles to pump blood. As a result, a single ventricle has to work hard to supply blood to the lungs and the rest of the body at the same time. In such children, the Fontan procedure is performed.
The Fontan procedure is usually conducted when the child is between the age two and five. However, it can be conducted before two years of age. The Fontan procedure is contraindicated in children with high pulmonary vascular resistance. This is because as a part of this procedure, the blood must flow through the lungs without the pumping function of the heart. The Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in children with mitral insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. The Fontan operation is also conducted in adults with this defect. The treatment is more complicated in such patients, as adults are more likely to develop Protein-Losing Enteropathy (PLE). It is a condition in which the protein is lost through the gut and it may lead to internal bleeding and fluid retention. But the complications resolve on its own when the surgery is performed. Such patients may sometimes even need a heart transplant.
The Fontan procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The patient is shifted to the surgical room an hour before the actual time of the surgery. General anesthesia is administered and once the patient is in deep sleep, a tube is inserted into the windpipe.
The body of the patient is connected to machines so that his or her vital parameters can be observed throughout the surgery and after that.The main purpose of the surgery is to optimize the Fontan circulation so that a single ventricle is able to effectively pump pure blood to the entire body and the impure blood to the lungs without any pumping mechanism. During the surgery, the surgeon opens the thoracic cavity by cutting through the sternum, which is a bone attached to the ribs. Doing so provides direct access to the heart.
Next, the surgeon uses either the extra-cardiac method or the lateral tunnel method to make the impure blood reach the lungs. The create a hole between the Fontan circuit and the right atrium to relieve the pressure. The hole, also known as “fenestration,” closes of its own later or can be closed off later with the help of cardiac catheterization.
The patient is transferred to the recovery room after the surgery and this is where all his or her vital signs are monitored for a couple of hours. Once the patient is stable, he or she is transferred to the cardiac ward.
The doctors may administer painkillers to control pain after the surgery. Expect the patient to be kept in the hospital for a few days. Additionally, eating and drinking are restricted for a few days after the surgery. Once the bowel movement resumes normally, the patient is given a light diet and fluids. This may take anywhere from two to three days. The medications and fluids are administered through an IV line until the patient starts taking normal diet. The dressing is changed every day during the hospital stay. A majority of patients are able to return to their normal routine within the first three months of the surgery. They are advised to increase their activities gradually and not to exert themselves too much.
Fontan Procedure cost in South Korea varies from one hospital to the other. Some of the best hospitals for Fontan Procedure offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of Fontan Procedure in South Korea.
There are many hospitals that perform Fontan Procedure in South Korea. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Fontan Procedure in South Korea:
Upon discharge from the hospital after Fontan Procedure in South Korea, the patients are advised to stay for about 30 days for recovery. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
South Korea is one of the most popular countries for Fontan Procedure in the world. The country offers the best cost of Fontan Procedure, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for Fontan Procedure include the following:
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Fontan Procedure cost. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Fontan Procedure in South Korea is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 7 days after Fontan Procedure for monitoring and care. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Fontan Procedure in South Korea. These clinics have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to Fontan Procedure Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
Korea Institute for Healthcare Accreditation (KOHIA) and Commission International (JCI) are the two main healthcare accreditation bodies in South Korea. JCI has a strong framework for quality standards that accredited hospitals need to follow and there are about 29 JCI certified hospitals in South Korea. KOIHA evaluates a healthcare facility based on parameters, such as performance management, administrative management and quality of patient care. The certified hospitals are strictly monitored by the accreditation bodies to ensure the quality of healthcare is as per the international standards.
South Korea is a leading medical tourism destination in the world which has been attracting foreign patients with advanced medical technologies during the past decade. South Korea has world-class hospitals with highly-trained doctors who strictly follows the medical protocols to ensure safe treatment with a high success rate. Proving quality care at an affordable cost, South Korea is declared most innovative in healthcare practices which helps the country to offer a wide range of procedures with excellent results. South Korea is one of the most preferred medical tourism destinations in the world due to many other reasons, such as a wide range of food options, scenic value, affordable accommodation, visa availability, transportation facilities, and language assistance.
The well-trained and highly skilled doctors in South Korea use their deep expertise in performing various procedures with a high success rate. The world-class doctors in South Korea have earned degrees from reputed universities and have experience of working in different countries, which makes them efficient in handling even the most complicated cases with high success rates. The doctors strictly adhere to international standards and medical protocols in order to ensure quality treatment and patient safety. The doctors acknowledge the power of the human touch in providing an effective treatment and also believe in personalized care for getting desired results.
Connect with the concerned authority to find out if you require any extra documents as each country has different documentation policies. Missing any of the mentioned documents might make your travel difficult, so always make a list of all the documents you might need in South Korea. You might also need some other documents like travel insurance paper, currency/forex card, and international SIM card. When you are traveling to South Korea for medical treatment, you should carry essential documents like test reports, records, doctor referral notes, medical History, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance.
A large number of people visit South Korea every year to avail procedures like:
. South Korea has reported the highest per capita rate of plastic surgery, according to a recent survey and the country is flocked with a high number of cosmetic clinics. Other than plastic surgery, the country has reported high success rates with other procedures like cancer treatment, organ transplant, cardiovascular surgeries and hip and shoulder replacement. South Korea has also made major advances in cancer treatment and the latest technology used to remove cancer cells are robotic surgeries and proton therapies.
The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in South Korea are Seoul, Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Cheonan, and Cheonan. There are several factors that help make these cities popular for seeking treatment, such as top-notch hospitals, superior infrastructure, and highly experienced doctors. Several other reasons that contribute to the popularity of these cities are transportation facilities, affordable accommodation, more food options, language assistance. A large number of plastic surgeries are formed in Seoul every year and the city is flocked with several aesthetic centers.
A very stringent process is followed by the Korean embassy for obtaining a visa for traveling to the country. The candidate needs to produce all necessary papers citing the medical cause and the referral certificate signed by the registered medical expert. A medical visa authorizes a person to accompany a patient who is traveling to South Korea for seeking medical treatment. You need to also produce relevant letters/documents with details of the treatment, signed by the doctors and hospitals, and a declaration form signed by the patient or any family member.
South Korea is growing as a very popular medical tourism destination with many multispecialty hospitals in the world, such as:
The multispecialty hospitals in South Korea provide world-class treatment with the help of high-tech equipment, the latest medical technologies, and state-of-art infrastructure. The hospitals are committed to delivering quality medical care by ensuring that healthcare standards and protocols are strictly followed. The hospitals are backed by highly skilled and trained doctors who are efficient in performing even the most complex surgeries with great accuracy and precision.
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