The Fontan procedure is performed in children with a special type of congenital disorders that leaves them with a single functioning ventricle. There are two ventricles in the heart, one supplies blood to the lungs while the other pumps blood to the rest of the body parts.
Some children may be born with just one functional ventricle because of an absence of a heart valve or an abnormality in the ability of the ventricles to pump blood. As a result, a single ventricle has to work hard to supply blood to the lungs and the rest of the body at the same time. In such children, the Fontan procedure is performed.
The Fontan procedure is usually conducted when the child is between the age two and five. However, it can be conducted before two years of age. The Fontan procedure is contraindicated in children with high pulmonary vascular resistance. This is because as a part of this procedure, the blood must flow through the lungs without the pumping function of the heart. The Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in children with mitral insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. The Fontan operation is also conducted in adults with this defect. The treatment is more complicated in such patients, as adults are more likely to develop Protein-Losing Enteropathy (PLE). It is a condition in which the protein is lost through the gut and it may lead to internal bleeding and fluid retention. But the complications resolve on its own when the surgery is performed. Such patients may sometimes even need a heart transplant.
The Fontan procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The patient is shifted to the surgical room an hour before the actual time of the surgery. General anesthesia is administered and once the patient is in deep sleep, a tube is inserted into the windpipe.
The body of the patient is connected to machines so that his or her vital parameters can be observed throughout the surgery and after that.The main purpose of the surgery is to optimize the Fontan circulation so that a single ventricle is able to effectively pump pure blood to the entire body and the impure blood to the lungs without any pumping mechanism. During the surgery, the surgeon opens the thoracic cavity by cutting through the sternum, which is a bone attached to the ribs. Doing so provides direct access to the heart.
Next, the surgeon uses either the extra-cardiac method or the lateral tunnel method to make the impure blood reach the lungs. The create a hole between the Fontan circuit and the right atrium to relieve the pressure. The hole, also known as “fenestration,” closes of its own later or can be closed off later with the help of cardiac catheterization.
The patient is transferred to the recovery room after the surgery and this is where all his or her vital signs are monitored for a couple of hours. Once the patient is stable, he or she is transferred to the cardiac ward.
The doctors may administer painkillers to control pain after the surgery. Expect the patient to be kept in the hospital for a few days. Additionally, eating and drinking are restricted for a few days after the surgery. Once the bowel movement resumes normally, the patient is given a light diet and fluids. This may take anywhere from two to three days. The medications and fluids are administered through an IV line until the patient starts taking normal diet. The dressing is changed every day during the hospital stay. A majority of patients are able to return to their normal routine within the first three months of the surgery. They are advised to increase their activities gradually and not to exert themselves too much.
The cost of Fontan Procedure in Morocco may differ from one medical facility to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Morocco generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The Fontan Procedure cost in Morocco includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Fontan Procedure cost in Morocco.
Many hospitals in Morocco perform Fontan Procedure. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Morocco:
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 30 days in the country for complete recovery. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
Morocco is one of the most popular countries for Fontan Procedure in the world. The country offers the best cost of Fontan Procedure, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Fontan Procedure include the following:
Apart from the cost of Fontan Procedure, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Fontan Procedure in Morocco is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
After Fontan Procedure, the patient is supposed to stay for about 7 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Fontan Procedure in Morocco. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
In Morocco, healthcare standards are maintained at par with world parameters and this is reflected in the fact that many world class hospitals in the country have been provided the JCI accreditation. JCI or Joint Commission International is a body which is credible and is unmatched in the experience of appraising healthcare organisations in Morocco. The JCI is the most sought after healthcare accreditation with premier healthcare institutions vying for its certification thus showcasing their commitment to excellence. It is well known that if a hospital in Morocco is JCI certified, it is the best in patient care, organisation management and service quality standards.
Let us look at the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco:
Latest equipments which are upgraded on a regular basis are present in the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco. In Morocco, there are numerous multispecialty hospitals and clinics in Tangier, Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakech and Fes. The healthcare ecosystem in Morocco which comprises of multispecialty hospitals and clinics is synonymous with the best in healthcare.
The healthcare system in Morocco has a wide base with clinics for basic healthcare, and more advanced healthcare being provided in hospitals such as local hospitals, regional and university hospitals. Not just an exotic travelers dream, but Morocco has great healthcare opportunities which makes it a natural medical tourist destination option for anyone. The government of Morocco is working in tandem with the private sector to boost the technological advancements in infrastructure in its hospitals and clinics. The processes of travel, transfer and procuring medical visa all lead to Morocco being the right choice as your next medical travel destination.
It speaks to the good quality of doctors in Morocco that not only are they good in treating every kind of medical condition of the patients but are also good in dealing with exigent emergencies with ease and success. The medical and surgical skills of the doctors and surgeons in Morocco is owing to their strong education and long term experience in treating patients. Advancement in technologies and application of latest techniques ensures that the doctors in Morocco consistently deliver the best results. The international experience of the doctors in Morocco comes not just from their international medical centers of the world but also due to their experience of treating patients from various countries.
The essential documents that you must carry along on your journey to Morocco are:
The documents that you must carry on your trip to Morocco must cover your international, local travel documents and details, hospital transfer and your financial abilities to manage the treatment and travel. It is important that communication between the hospitals (home country and Morocco) should be clear and definitive before you begin your medical travel. As a medical tourist, the documents that you carry with you ensure that your journey to Morocco to get your medical treatment done is easy and effortless.
The popular procedures being performed in the hospitals in Morocco are as follows:
The cosmetic procedures are a huge draw in Morocco with people combining their holiday with cosmetic surgeries such as Breast Augmentation and Liposuction. The specialties of Cardiology and Nephrology has achieved great strides with Cardiac Valve Replacement and Kidney Stone Removal being two of the most successful procedures being done with precision by healthcare providers in Morocco. Among the popular procedures that are being performed in Morocco, Gynaecological procedures are the ones with the best results.
If you are traveling to Morocco for your medical treatment, you wish to be adequately prepared in the form of vaccinations, so it is not just mandatory but an intelligent decision to be vaccinated beforehand. We have listed here for you the recommended travel vaccinations (by CDC and WHO) that you must take before going to Morocco.
Your age and health conditions are a determining factor for the right dosage and frequency of dosage of vaccines to be taken before your travel to Morocco. There are always certain routine vaccines that you must be up to date with at all times irrespective of when you have made your travel plans such as DPT, Flu and MMR as mentioned by CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and WHO or World Health Organisation.
The treatment, travel and transfer process is made easy when you are undergoing medical treatment in any multidisciplinary hospital in Morocco through the International patient centers. There are so many different kinds of facilities that are available in the hospitals in Morocco such as:
In the hospitals in Morocco, the administrative personnel help you with deciding or managing your insurance and the payment. The consultation process with your medical practitioner in the hospital in Morocco can begin well in advance through virtual consultation via video, calls and emails.
We have mentioned here the famous medical tourism destinations in Morocco:
The medical travel industry in Morocco is on a growth path as both the Government of Morocco and the private players are looking to increase their investments in the country. Morocco ranks 31st in the Medical Tourism Index 2020-21 which denotes its developing status in the field of medical travel. Medical tourism is growing in Morocco also because of the legislative changes and the development of a medical travel ecosystem as well.
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