The Fontan procedure is performed in children with a special type of congenital disorders that leaves them with a single functioning ventricle. There are two ventricles in the heart, one supplies blood to the lungs while the other pumps blood to the rest of the body parts.
Some children may be born with just one functional ventricle because of an absence of a heart valve or an abnormality in the ability of the ventricles to pump blood. As a result, a single ventricle has to work hard to supply blood to the lungs and the rest of the body at the same time. In such children, the Fontan procedure is performed.
The Fontan procedure is usually conducted when the child is between the age two and five. However, it can be conducted before two years of age. The Fontan procedure is contraindicated in children with high pulmonary vascular resistance. This is because as a part of this procedure, the blood must flow through the lungs without the pumping function of the heart. The Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in children with mitral insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. The Fontan operation is also conducted in adults with this defect. The treatment is more complicated in such patients, as adults are more likely to develop Protein-Losing Enteropathy (PLE). It is a condition in which the protein is lost through the gut and it may lead to internal bleeding and fluid retention. But the complications resolve on its own when the surgery is performed. Such patients may sometimes even need a heart transplant.
The Fontan procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The patient is shifted to the surgical room an hour before the actual time of the surgery. General anesthesia is administered and once the patient is in deep sleep, a tube is inserted into the windpipe.
The body of the patient is connected to machines so that his or her vital parameters can be observed throughout the surgery and after that.The main purpose of the surgery is to optimize the Fontan circulation so that a single ventricle is able to effectively pump pure blood to the entire body and the impure blood to the lungs without any pumping mechanism. During the surgery, the surgeon opens the thoracic cavity by cutting through the sternum, which is a bone attached to the ribs. Doing so provides direct access to the heart.
Next, the surgeon uses either the extra-cardiac method or the lateral tunnel method to make the impure blood reach the lungs. The create a hole between the Fontan circuit and the right atrium to relieve the pressure. The hole, also known as “fenestration,” closes of its own later or can be closed off later with the help of cardiac catheterization.
The patient is transferred to the recovery room after the surgery and this is where all his or her vital signs are monitored for a couple of hours. Once the patient is stable, he or she is transferred to the cardiac ward.
The doctors may administer painkillers to control pain after the surgery. Expect the patient to be kept in the hospital for a few days. Additionally, eating and drinking are restricted for a few days after the surgery. Once the bowel movement resumes normally, the patient is given a light diet and fluids. This may take anywhere from two to three days. The medications and fluids are administered through an IV line until the patient starts taking normal diet. The dressing is changed every day during the hospital stay. A majority of patients are able to return to their normal routine within the first three months of the surgery. They are advised to increase their activities gradually and not to exert themselves too much.
Fontan Procedure package cost in Tunisia has different inclusions and exclusions. The Fontan Procedure package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. The comprehensive Fontan Procedure package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Fontan Procedure cost in Tunisia.
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 30 days in the country after discharge. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
There are certain expenses additional to the Fontan Procedure cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Tunisia which offer Fontan Procedure are:
The patient has to spend about 7 days in the hospital after Fontan Procedure for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Fontan Procedure in Tunisia. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Fontan Procedure patients.
We bring to you the popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia:
The popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia are well known for the personal touch and the high quality in service delivery. The results of diagnosis and treatment of multiple kinds of health conditions by multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia showcase the efficiency and finesse of these healthcare institutions. The cutting edge infrastructure of the healthcare institutions in Tunisia is a good reason for you to opt for healthcare in Tunisia.
The world class infrastructure in the healthcare institutions such as hospitals and clinics in Tunisia are a good reason for you to opt for treatment in Tunisia. You must choose to get your healthcare from Tunisia as the hospitals and clinics here are composed of really qualified and skilled medical, paramedical and administrative professionals. Healthcare from Tunisia is a great choice as the treatments are competitively priced, waiting periods are less and there is a comprehensive approach to healthcare from consultations to follow ups or rehabilitation. You must opt for your healthcare in Tunisia because of the high cleanliness standards of the hospitals and clinics in Tunisia and the safe and secure environment of the country.
The quality of doctors in Tunisia is very good as they have had the best of practical training and experience and this translates into their strong ability to treat patients successfully even when working under pressure for long hours. The ability to learn and the simultaneous application of this knowledge ensures that the doctors in Tunisia are not only well educated but continue their education, add qualifications as they practise medicine. The doctors in Tunisia are great at leading medical, surgical teams and are experienced in liaising with doctors and healthcare professionals giving you the confidence as a patient that you are in good hands. The doctors in Tunisia are great at leading medical, surgical teams and are experienced in liaising with doctors and healthcare professionals giving you the confidence as a patient that you are in good hands.
Do carry with you the important documents that are required for your medical travel to Tunisia; we have outlined them for you:
Please ensure that the documents you carry to Tunisia must cover the requirements of the journey from your country of origin to your treatment and the journey back home. A visa is an important document when you are planning an important medical travel to Tunisia. The Government of Tunisia is easing the visa application as it is introducing an online visa application process. The medical travel preparation to Tunisia would necessarily involve two important documents vis a vis the medical visa invitation letter and the medical treatment recommendation letter.
We have listed here for your convenience the popular procedures that are being performed in Tunisia:
Of the many popular procedures available in Tunisia, the Spine and Orthopaedic treatments are a big draw. A combination of wonderful medical providers and application of advanced techniques has ensured that Breast Cancer treatments in Tunisia are drawing a lot of medical tourists. Breast Cancer treatment in Tunisia is constantly pushing to new frontiers of success everyday and is a good reason for the innumerable medical travellers coming to Tunisia.
Please find below the vaccinations that are important for you to take before your travel to Tunisia:
To make sure that you are well prepared for your journey to Tunisia by getting vaccinated as per guidelines of WHO: World Health Organisation and CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency with both the recommended vaccines and the routine vaccines. There are certain vaccines that are linked to potential health conditions such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Rabies and Typhoid. There are other vaccines which are considered routine or regular for conditions that you must be protected from at all times. As you begin to plan your medical travel to Tunisia, make sure that you are vaccinated against the many ailments atleast a month prior irrespective of recommendation by a health agency.
The healthcare providers in Tunisia make your treatment experience more comfortable by providing many additional facilities. We have outlined for you the various additional facilities that are there in the hospitals in Tunisia:
We have outlined for you the various additional facilities that are there in the hospitals in Tunisia. There are other facilities that are in hospitals in Tunisia like presence of dietitians, physiotherapists and prayer rooms.
Tunisia, the tiniest North African nation is the one with the good tourism potential in the form of the great health infrastructure and the many tourist attractions present in the country. There are several good medical tourism hotspots in Tunisia and they are listed below:
The liberal economy, strong focus on healthcare, close ties with European union and Arab countries, a growing tourism industry has lead to Tunisia ranking 38 among the 46 global destinations on the 2020-21 Medical Tourism Index. The people here are warm and welcoming, getting medical visa is easy and there is good healthcare at economical prices which all together makes Tunisia a wonderful medical tourism destination.
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