The Fontan procedure is performed in children with a special type of congenital disorders that leaves them with a single functioning ventricle. There are two ventricles in the heart, one supplies blood to the lungs while the other pumps blood to the rest of the body parts.
Some children may be born with just one functional ventricle because of an absence of a heart valve or an abnormality in the ability of the ventricles to pump blood. As a result, a single ventricle has to work hard to supply blood to the lungs and the rest of the body at the same time. In such children, the Fontan procedure is performed.
The Fontan procedure is usually conducted when the child is between the age two and five. However, it can be conducted before two years of age. The Fontan procedure is contraindicated in children with high pulmonary vascular resistance. This is because as a part of this procedure, the blood must flow through the lungs without the pumping function of the heart. The Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in children with mitral insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. The Fontan operation is also conducted in adults with this defect. The treatment is more complicated in such patients, as adults are more likely to develop Protein-Losing Enteropathy (PLE). It is a condition in which the protein is lost through the gut and it may lead to internal bleeding and fluid retention. But the complications resolve on its own when the surgery is performed. Such patients may sometimes even need a heart transplant.
The Fontan procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The patient is shifted to the surgical room an hour before the actual time of the surgery. General anesthesia is administered and once the patient is in deep sleep, a tube is inserted into the windpipe.
The body of the patient is connected to machines so that his or her vital parameters can be observed throughout the surgery and after that.The main purpose of the surgery is to optimize the Fontan circulation so that a single ventricle is able to effectively pump pure blood to the entire body and the impure blood to the lungs without any pumping mechanism. During the surgery, the surgeon opens the thoracic cavity by cutting through the sternum, which is a bone attached to the ribs. Doing so provides direct access to the heart.
Next, the surgeon uses either the extra-cardiac method or the lateral tunnel method to make the impure blood reach the lungs. The create a hole between the Fontan circuit and the right atrium to relieve the pressure. The hole, also known as “fenestration,” closes of its own later or can be closed off later with the help of cardiac catheterization.
The patient is transferred to the recovery room after the surgery and this is where all his or her vital signs are monitored for a couple of hours. Once the patient is stable, he or she is transferred to the cardiac ward.
The doctors may administer painkillers to control pain after the surgery. Expect the patient to be kept in the hospital for a few days. Additionally, eating and drinking are restricted for a few days after the surgery. Once the bowel movement resumes normally, the patient is given a light diet and fluids. This may take anywhere from two to three days. The medications and fluids are administered through an IV line until the patient starts taking normal diet. The dressing is changed every day during the hospital stay. A majority of patients are able to return to their normal routine within the first three months of the surgery. They are advised to increase their activities gradually and not to exert themselves too much.
Fontan Procedure cost in Lithuania varies from one hospital to the other. The Fontan Procedure package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Fontan Procedure in Lithuania includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Fontan Procedure in Lithuania.
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 30 days in the country for complete recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Apart from the cost of Fontan Procedure, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day extra expenses in Lithuania per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Lithuania which offer Fontan Procedure are:
After Fontan Procedure, the patient is supposed to stay for about 7 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Fontan Procedure in Lithuania. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Lithuania
Some of the renowned medical specialists for Fontan Procedure in Lithuania are:
The Joint Commission International or JCI accreditation is much sought after by healthcare providers all over the world, the hospitals in Lithuania are being accredited by JCI as well. Those hospitals in Lithuania which believe in an all round experience for the patient and provide the best in healthcare to their patients achieve JCI accreditation. JCI certified those healthcare organisations in Lithuania that meet its safety and quality standards. The JCI or Joint Commission International inspires healthcare providers like academic medical centers, clinics and hospitals to not just achieve a high standard of services but guides on performance improvement as well.
We bring to you some good multispecialty hospitals in Lithuania: .
Many kinds of procedures can be performed in the multidisciplinary hospitals in Lithuania owing in no small measure to the specialties available. In the multidisciplinary hospitals in Lithuania, all your healthcare concerns can be resolved through a skilled teams of healthcare experts. There are advanced technologies present in the hospitals in Lithuania which can be implemented at economical costs so that the best medical treatment can be provided to the patients.
All overseas patients who are heading to Lithuania can be assured of greater access to quality healthcare a better healthcare experience than in their home country. Healthcare in Lithuania is an efficient process which makes the patients coming here feel safe and secured in the hands of able healthcare professionals. A patient centric approach which translates to the best of healthcare solutions dominates the healthcare ecosystem in Lithuania. If you are looking to get good tertiary care based on good medical research, then Lithuania is the right destination to get healthcare from.
We can safely say that healthcare in Lithuania is comprised of physicians who are implementing healthcare options that not only imply increased success rates but decreased complications. As experienced and qualified medical practitioners, the doctors in Lithuania do excel in their area of expertise as well. Work proficiency interlinked with long term experience of treating international patients is what defines the good quality of doctors in Lithuania. Good health can be had by the patients coming to the doctors in Lithuania through an application of the latest technologies.
Do find below the important documents that must be there with you when you travel to Lithuania for your medical treatment.
The travel and transfer process in Lithuania is seamless and smooth considering the huge influx of medical tourists coming to the country everyday if you keep your documents ready. When traveling to Lithuania, please ensure that your travel, treatment and accommodation related documents are with you. Please ensure that you have created a checklist with which you are tallying all the documents required for your travel to Lithuania.
The popular procedures available in Lithuania are as follows.
Vitrectomy is one of the many Eye procedures that are a draw for the medical tourists in LithuaniaMedical travellers to Lithuania are coming to the country for many popular procedures one of which is the Opthalmological procedures like Vitrectomy. Medical travelers are coming to Lithuania as it has advanced Orthopaedic capabilities and several procedures like Knee and Hip Replacement are being performed here beautifully. A fairly simple procedure, Sclerotherapy is done to treat varicose veins and spider veins or to treat symptoms such as swelling, pain and cramps and is being done routinely in hospitals in Lithuania.
Protect yourself from potential health disasters through vaccinations considered mandatory by WHO or World Health Organisation and CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Please find here the list of recommended vaccinations before your medical travel to Lithuania:
It is essential that you keep into account the right age and prior and emergent medical conditions before deciding on your recommended vaccinations before your medical travel to Lithuania. There are certain vaccinations that are considered routine and you should be up to date with them at all times.
There are many major medical tourism destinations in Lithuania such as Klaipeda, Vilnius and Kaunas. Economical costs and high service quality measure up to Lithuania being one of the top ten medical tourism destinations in the world. The well qualified and hospitable healthcare and tourism personnel in Lithuania are adding to the weight age of Lithuania as a medical tourism destination. When in Lithuania, you can be assured of a great recovery experience through the medical spas and rehabilitation centers in the country.
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