People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.
Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.
A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.
Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.
There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:
An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long
The injury suffered by the ear
Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise
Hearing loss as a result of age
Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:
Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly
Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear
Loss of hearing
Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting
Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.
Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.
Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate
Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed.
For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.
The tympanoplasty surgery is performed with intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia. An incision is made into the ear canal section and from the bony ear canal, the remaining eardrum is elevated and lifted forward. Under the operating microscope, the ear structures can be seen clearly. An incision behind the ear is made if the hole is very large or far forward. It ensures that the entire outer ear is forwarded, giving better access to the perforation.
The perforated remnant part is rotated forward after the hole is exposed and now the ossicles are inspected. Scar tissue and bands can surround the bones and they are removed with a laser or micro hooks. Now the ossicular chain is pressed to check its mobility and functionality. If it is found to be mobile, then the rest of the surgery aims at repairing the defect of the drum.
From the tragus, which is the cartilaginous lobe of skin in front of the ear, or from the back of the ear,
If the bones in the ear suffer from erosion, then ossicular reconstruction is advised. At times it can be determined before surgery but in other cases, erosion is visible only when the ear is completely opened under the microscope. The reconstruction can happen at the time of the eardrum construction. Bone erosion can happen at the tip of the incus or anvil. A discontinuity between stapes and the incus has to be resolved.
A small piece of bone or cartilage can be inserted from some other part of the body of the patient if the gap between the two cones mentioned above is small. But if the gap is large, then the anvil bone is removed and remodelled to give a shape of a tooth with the help of the operating microscope. After reshaping the prosthesis, it is placed between the malleus and the stapes and ossicular chain continuity is then re-established.
In some other ossicular construction, the malleus can get fixated by bony ingrowth or scar tissue to the ear’s lateral wall. The plastic-type or
Usually, a patient is discharged within two to three hours of the surgery. Along with a mild pain reliever, some antibiotics are also administered. After 10 days, the patient is again expected to visit so that packing can be removed and graft success can be checked.
Patients are advised to keep water away from the surgical site and avoid blowing of the nose. If the patient is suffering from cold and allergies, then decongestants are prescribed. Within 5 to 6 days, the patients can resume a normal life. After 3 weeks of the surgery, the packing is removed under the operating microscope and at this point, the grafting success can be completely determined.
Care must be taken by the patient to soak the ear canal with antibiotics to keep infection at bay. Shearing forces of excessive tension should not be felt by the graft. The surgeon will advise the patient to avoid activities that alter the tympanic pressure, including using a straw to drink or blowing of the nose. Finally, a hearing test is performed after 4 to 6 weeks of the surgery.
On an average, Tympanoplasty in Turkey costs about $4500. SAS, JCI, TEMOS are just some of the accreditations which top hospitals in Turkey hold where a Tympanoplasty is conducted.
Tympanoplasty package cost in Turkey has different inclusions and exclusions. The top hospitals for Tympanoplasty in Turkey covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. Typically, the package cost of Tympanoplasty in Turkey includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Tympanoplasty in Turkey.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer Tympanoplasty to international patients. The top hospitals for Tympanoplasty in Turkey include the following:
Upon discharge from the hospital after Tympanoplasty in Turkey, the patients are advised to stay for about 10 days for recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Turkey is considered to be one of the best places for Tympanoplasty in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Tympanoplasty include the following:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5500|
|United Kingdom||USD 4000|
Apart from the Tympanoplasty cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in Turkey per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Turkey which offer Tympanoplasty are:
After the Tympanoplasty takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 2 days. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
The average rating for Tympanoplasty hospitals in Turkey is 3.6. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 23 hospitals that offer Tympanoplasty in Turkey. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
Turkey has been globally recognized as a therapeutic center, where patients get world-class treatments at reasonable costs. Offering premium medical care and comfort in a secure and safe environment, world-class hospital chains in Turkey can support you with a range of clinical needs. Most of the hospitals have received accreditations from global platforms which ensure that the hospitals not only perform evidence based practices but also give importance to access, affordability, efficiency, quality and effectiveness of healthcare. The best multispecialty hospitals in Turkey are:
Hospitals in Turkey adhere to the quality standards set by Joint Commission International (JCI), a major healthcare accrediting body in the country. All the accredited hospitals in Turkey make sure they meet the international healthcare quality standards. The standards focus on the quality of care and patient safety and act as guidance for hospitals to meet international standards of medical care. The standards require regular monitoring of critical events related to treatments and offer a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels.
Turkey is one of the top destinations for medical tourism because of several reasons like best healthcare infrastructure, world-class hospitals, advanced medical technology, and best doctors. Low consultation fee, low-cost medical treatments, and cheap medicines are some other factors which contribute to the popularity of medical tourism in Turkey. Hospitals and healthcare centers in Turkey provide premium, Western-standardized care to their patients. Turkey has world-class doctors who have vast experience in multiple disciplines and some of them are trained in America and Europe who prefer to practice in Turkey.
Turkey has some of the finest doctors in the world and the medical fraternity in the country is highly skilled and well-trained. They have also been educated at premier educational institutions in the world. Turkey houses some of the world’s best doctors who ensure excellent treatment results, which is mainly attributed to their deep subject knowledge and holistic treatment approach. Board-certified doctors deliver high-quality care to their patients and have the ability to practice at the top of their profession.
When traveling to Turkey for medical treatment, medical tourists need to carry documents like passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance, test reports, records, doctor referral notes. Packing is always an important part when you are traveling to another country for medical treatment Making a list of all the essential things you might need and checking them before leaving the house will ensure your trip gets off to a good start. Check with the concerned authority for any extra items needed because the required documents may vary as per your destination.
The most sought-after treatments available in Turkey are:
The popular procedures in Turkey are available at an affordable price and have a success rate. Most hospitals in Turkey offer world-class treatments in almost every therapeutic areas. Turkey’s high-end technology available at lower costs than its western counterparts has made the country the best destination for popular procedures all across the globe.
Most medical tourists choose cities like Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya which also are some of Turkey’s most famous tourist destinations. These cities offers world-class services to global medical tourists who visit the country. Turkey with a number of world-class cities attracts almost one million medical tourists every year due to several reasons like world-class infrastructure, transportation facilities, availability of medical visas, and a wide range of food options. With cities full of mesmerizing sandy beaches and long history, Turkey is regarded as one of the popular tourist destinations.
Hospitals in Turkey offer world-class healthcare facilities to patients across the globe. Hospitals in Turkey offer all necessary facilities, such as visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and multiple food options. Hospitals in Turkey help patients at every step of their journey, right from initial queries, preparations to travel to the country, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Turkey has a large number of network hospitals which accept health insurance. You need to intimate your hospital in case you have any health insurance plan that is internationally valid. You need to check with your insurance company in your country whether the procedure you want to avail is covered at the hospital in Turkey. An approved insurance provider needs to provide Guarantee of Payment to the hospital to start your treatment cashless.
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