People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.
Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.
A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.
Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.
There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:
An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long
The injury suffered by the ear
Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise
Hearing loss as a result of age
Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:
Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly
Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear
Loss of hearing
Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting
Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.
Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.
Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate
Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed.
For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.
The tympanoplasty surgery is performed with intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia. An incision is made into the ear canal section and from the bony ear canal, the remaining eardrum is elevated and lifted forward. Under the operating microscope, the ear structures can be seen clearly. An incision behind the ear is made if the hole is very large or far forward. It ensures that the entire outer ear is forwarded, giving better access to the perforation.
The perforated remnant part is rotated forward after the hole is exposed and now the ossicles are inspected. Scar tissue and bands can surround the bones and they are removed with a laser or micro hooks. Now the ossicular chain is pressed to check its mobility and functionality. If it is found to be mobile, then the rest of the surgery aims at repairing the defect of the drum.
From the tragus, which is the cartilaginous lobe of skin in front of the ear, or from the back of the ear,
If the bones in the ear suffer from erosion, then ossicular reconstruction is advised. At times it can be determined before surgery but in other cases, erosion is visible only when the ear is completely opened under the microscope. The reconstruction can happen at the time of the eardrum construction. Bone erosion can happen at the tip of the incus or anvil. A discontinuity between stapes and the incus has to be resolved.
A small piece of bone or cartilage can be inserted from some other part of the body of the patient if the gap between the two cones mentioned above is small. But if the gap is large, then the anvil bone is removed and remodelled to give a shape of a tooth with the help of the operating microscope. After reshaping the prosthesis, it is placed between the malleus and the stapes and ossicular chain continuity is then re-established.
In some other ossicular construction, the malleus can get fixated by bony ingrowth or scar tissue to the ear’s lateral wall. The plastic-type or
Usually, a patient is discharged within two to three hours of the surgery. Along with a mild pain reliever, some antibiotics are also administered. After 10 days, the patient is again expected to visit so that packing can be removed and graft success can be checked.
Patients are advised to keep water away from the surgical site and avoid blowing of the nose. If the patient is suffering from cold and allergies, then decongestants are prescribed. Within 5 to 6 days, the patients can resume a normal life. After 3 weeks of the surgery, the packing is removed under the operating microscope and at this point, the grafting success can be completely determined.
Care must be taken by the patient to soak the ear canal with antibiotics to keep infection at bay. Shearing forces of excessive tension should not be felt by the graft. The surgeon will advise the patient to avoid activities that alter the tympanic pressure, including using a straw to drink or blowing of the nose. Finally, a hearing test is performed after 4 to 6 weeks of the surgery.
The Tympanoplasty package cost in South Korea varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. Some of the best hospitals for Tympanoplasty offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The Tympanoplasty cost in South Korea includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Tympanoplasty cost in South Korea.
There are several best hospitals for Tympanoplasty in South Korea. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Tympanoplasty in South Korea:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 10 days after discharge. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
South Korea is one of the most popular countries for Tympanoplasty in the world. The country offers the best cost of Tympanoplasty, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of such countries are:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5500|
|United Kingdom||USD 4000|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Tympanoplasty cost. The per day extra expenses in South Korea per person are about USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for Tympanoplasty in South Korea:
After Tympanoplasty, the patient is supposed to stay for about 2 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Tympanoplasty in South Korea. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in South Korea
The healthcare systems in South Korea are accredited by Commission International (JCI) and Korea Institute for Healthcare Accreditation (KOHIA). JCI, which has certified around 29 hospitals in South Korea, has set strong quality parameters based on which hospitals are evaluated. KOIHA evaluates healthcare facilities on stringent parameters such as administrative management and quality of patient care, and performance management. JCI and KOIHA certified hospitals need to follow the standards that require strict monitoring of all critical events so that quality care is ensured.
South Korea is a leading medical tourism destination in the world which has been attracting foreign patients with advanced medical technologies during the past decade. South Korea has world-class hospitals with highly-trained doctors who strictly follows the medical protocols to ensure safe treatment with a high success rate. Proving quality care at an affordable cost, the country is declared most innovative in healthcare practices. South Korea is one of the most preferred medical tourism destinations in the world due to many other reasons, such as a wide range of food options, scenic value, affordable accommodation, visa availability, transportation facilities, and language assistance.
The well-trained and highly skilled doctors in South Korea use their deep expertise in performing various procedures with a high success rate. Having received quality education at reputed institutions and with decades of rigorous training, the doctors have reported high success rates. The doctors aim to provide quality care with complete patient satisfaction by following medical protocols and international standards. The doctors believe in personalized care for achieving better outcomes and help in the speedy recovery of patients through human touch.
Always get in touch with the concerned authority to know if you require any other document other than those mentioned here. You are suggested to make a list of all the documents that you will need in South Korea so that you do not miss any of them. Travel insurance paper, currency/forex card, and international SIM card are some other documents you may need when traveling to another country. The documents that you will require are passport copies, test reports, doctor referral notes, medical history, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of health insurance, visa, credit/debit cards.
A large number of people visit South Korea every year to avail procedures like:
. With the highest number of plastic surgeries per capita on earth, South Korea has a large number of plastic surgery clinics spread all over the country. Other than plastic surgery, the country has reported high success rates with other procedures like cancer treatment, organ transplant, cardiovascular surgeries and hip and shoulder replacement. South Korea has also made major advances in cancer treatment and the latest technology used to remove cancer cells are robotic surgeries and proton therapies.
The cities that attract a large number of medical tourists in South Korea are Incheon, Daegu, Seoul, Busan, Cheonan, and Cheonan. The reasons why these cities are more preferred by medical tourists are state-of-art infrastructure, large number of hospitals, and highly qualified doctors, all contributing to world-class treatment. Several other reasons that contribute to the popularity of these cities are transportation facilities, affordable accommodation, more food options, language assistance. A large number of plastic surgeries are formed in Seoul every year and the city is flocked with several aesthetic centers.
The process of obtaining a medical visa in South Korea is very stringent and is done under the strict supervision of the South Korean embassy. A candidate has to produce medical records citing medical reasons and the referral certificate signed by the registered medical expert. South Korea grants a dependent medical visa to a person who is accompanying a patient traveling to the country for medical treatment. A declaration from the patient or a family member, along with all documents explaining the details of the treatment signed and stamped by the concerned hospitals/doctors is required.
South Korea boasts of having top-quality multispecialty hospitals, such as:
The multispecialty hospitals in South Korea are equipped with the most advanced equipment and the latest medical technologies and are supported by high-end infrastructure to provide world-class treatment. The hospitals are committed to delivering quality medical care by ensuring that healthcare standards and protocols are strictly followed. With a wide range of specialities, the hospitals have reported high success rates with the help of highly-experienced doctors who are capable of performing even the most complex surgeries with high accuracy and precision.
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