People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.
Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.
A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.
Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.
There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:
An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long
The injury suffered by the ear
Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise
Hearing loss as a result of age
Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:
Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly
Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear
Loss of hearing
Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting
Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.
Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.
Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate
Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed.
For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.
The tympanoplasty surgery is performed with intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia. An incision is made into the ear canal section and from the bony ear canal, the remaining eardrum is elevated and lifted forward. Under the operating microscope, the ear structures can be seen clearly. An incision behind the ear is made if the hole is very large or far forward. It ensures that the entire outer ear is forwarded, giving better access to the perforation.
The perforated remnant part is rotated forward after the hole is exposed and now the ossicles are inspected. Scar tissue and bands can surround the bones and they are removed with a laser or micro hooks. Now the ossicular chain is pressed to check its mobility and functionality. If it is found to be mobile, then the rest of the surgery aims at repairing the defect of the drum.
From the tragus, which is the cartilaginous lobe of skin in front of the ear, or from the back of the ear,
If the bones in the ear suffer from erosion, then ossicular reconstruction is advised. At times it can be determined before surgery but in other cases, erosion is visible only when the ear is completely opened under the microscope. The reconstruction can happen at the time of the eardrum construction. Bone erosion can happen at the tip of the incus or anvil. A discontinuity between stapes and the incus has to be resolved.
A small piece of bone or cartilage can be inserted from some other part of the body of the patient if the gap between the two cones mentioned above is small. But if the gap is large, then the anvil bone is removed and remodelled to give a shape of a tooth with the help of the operating microscope. After reshaping the prosthesis, it is placed between the malleus and the stapes and ossicular chain continuity is then re-established.
In some other ossicular construction, the malleus can get fixated by bony ingrowth or scar tissue to the ear’s lateral wall. The plastic-type or
Usually, a patient is discharged within two to three hours of the surgery. Along with a mild pain reliever, some antibiotics are also administered. After 10 days, the patient is again expected to visit so that packing can be removed and graft success can be checked.
Patients are advised to keep water away from the surgical site and avoid blowing of the nose. If the patient is suffering from cold and allergies, then decongestants are prescribed. Within 5 to 6 days, the patients can resume a normal life. After 3 weeks of the surgery, the packing is removed under the operating microscope and at this point, the grafting success can be completely determined.
Care must be taken by the patient to soak the ear canal with antibiotics to keep infection at bay. Shearing forces of excessive tension should not be felt by the graft. The surgeon will advise the patient to avoid activities that alter the tympanic pressure, including using a straw to drink or blowing of the nose. Finally, a hearing test is performed after 4 to 6 weeks of the surgery.
On an average, Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates costs about $5500. Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates is available across many hospitals in different states.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates. The Tympanoplasty package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Tympanoplasty cost in the United Arab Emirates.
There are several best hospitals for Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates. Some of the best hospitals for Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates include the following:
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 10 days in the country for complete recovery. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
the United Arab Emirates is considered to be one of the best places for Tympanoplasty in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Tympanoplasty as well:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5500|
|United Kingdom||USD 4000|
Apart from the Tympanoplasty cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in the United Arab Emirates per person are about USD 50 per person.
Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
After the Tympanoplasty takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 2 days. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
The average rating for Tympanoplasty hospitals in the United Arab Emirates is 4.5. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 18 hospitals that offer Tympanoplasty in the United Arab Emirates. The above mentioned hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
DHCA (Dubai Healthcare City Authority) and JCI (Joint Commission International) are the standard accreditation followed by UAE hospitals. In UAE, the excellent hospital infrastructure, medical care quality and service delivery quality is overseen by Dubai Healthcare City Authority and Joint Commission International. Known as the governing body of Dubai Healthcare City, DHCA streamlines hospital facilities in UAE whereas JCI is a non profit accredition body present in over 100 countries. JCI, an international arm of The Joint Commission was established in the year 1998 and The Dubai Healthcare City Authority was launched in May 2011.
Here are some of the well known hospital groups in UAE:.
The good quality of the multispecialty hospitals in UAE is the exceptional medical care at low cost. Any healthcare procedure is possible in the multidisciplinary hospitals in the UAE as all kinds of specialties are covered in these hospitals. The hospitality that UAE is so famous for is also ingrained in the administrative personnel and the healthcare staff manning the various mutlispecialty hospitals making it easy for any medical traveller to navigate the systems.
The healthcare sector in UAE has expanded dramatically since the 1970s to include more number of hospitals, healthcare centers, clinics, rehabilitation centers and related infrastructure making it a natural choice for any person wanting to get their treatment done. The vision of the UAE government is futuristic in relation with the healthcare sector with the government not just planning but executing these plans to drive growth in this sector. The healthcare organisations in UAE function seamlessly, are well organised and the care they provide is unmatched and of really high standards. You can decide to get treatment done in UAE as it has an amalgamation of a strong healthcare sector and a thriving travel ecosystem inclusive of hotels, aviation and transport logistics.
The essential procedure of obtaining a license to practice medicine in UAE ensures that only the best among doctors get to do it. The doctors in UAE are not only well versed in their area of expertise but they also keep abreast of the latest developments. Their connect with patients, the personal touch ensure they are a cut above the rest. The doctors in UAE have international exposure as their patient base is composed of various ethnicities and nationalities.
It is important to have all the required documents with you before you travel to any country for medical treatment. Your journey to UAE as a medical traveller is a seamless and easy process if all your documents are kept ready at one place. Documents that you need to carry on your journey to UAE as a medical traveller are for your medical treatment and for your travel. Please ensure that you carry essential documents to UAE as mentioned below.
Popular procedures being performed in UAE are as follows.
It is heartening that cosmetic surgery has found a place in the list of popular procedures in UAE and among these botox and fillers are most common. Fertility treatments are also showing a positive growth trend and this positive trend is helped by the proactiveness of the government in UAE in forming new legislation and building a positive environment. These treatments are done by the best of doctors at affordable prices.
It is important to take pre travel vaccinations prior to your journey to UAE. As you begin preparing for your journey get vaccinated atleast four weeks in advance. The country of origin or destination (if going from UAE), length of stay, health conditions and current doctors' prescriptions are the major factors in the kind of vaccines and their dosage. The yellow fever vaccine is required for Central Africa and South American countries.
Medical tourism in UAE is made attractive by many factors and one of them includes the facilities provided by hospitals. The strong combination of public and private healthcare systems reflect on the facilities provided by the hospitals. The international patient centers in hospitals in UAE ensure comprehensive coordination facilities for medical tourists at one place. International patient centers are making the medical travellers lives easy by helping them in many ways such as:
Across markets, medical tourism is a huge contributor to GDP of many countries such as United Arab Emirates. In United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi, capital of UAE and Dubai, commerical center are important medical tourism destinations with a lot of potential to grow further. The healthcare infrastructure which is being continually upgraded has given Dubai and Abu Dhabi the advantage as medical tourism destinations. The health tourism sector is rising fast in UAE on account of the increasing medical travellers headed to Dubai and Abu Dhabi post good investment in healthcare infrastructure and strong healthcare regulations.
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