Bone marrow is a spongy tissue present in some of the bones (, including the hip and thigh bone), and they contain the immature cells called as stem cells. These cells can differentiate into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. In cases of damaged or diseased bone marrow, it is replaced with healthy stem cells.
Turkey is a popular medical tourism destination, and the growth of the tourism sector is at a very swift pace. Hospitals in Turkey with their world-class amenities, are equipped with all the latest technology and are gratifying the International standard for medical care. The team of surgeons, nurses, and the hospital staff are qualified, English speaking and well-skilled. Bone marrow transplant procedure is performed by some of the famed
Stem cell transplant is one modern technology that is undergoing rapid improvements. It is said these days that instead of investing in various life insurance policies that are making the rounds in the market, to secure the future and precious life of your child go for stem cell technologies. This can later cure him or her from any life threatening terminal disease like cancer. Stem cell transplant has been used in recent times as a cure for cancer, but the technique is different from the stem cell bank that is maintained these days for new born.
The bone marrow which is part of the bones is responsible for making blood cells. It is soft and spongy tissue lodged inside the bone having hematopoietic stem cells. These cells either turn into bone marrow cells or can turn into any other kinds of cells or the blood cells. But there are certain forms of cancers that can keep these cells from developing normally.
A patient is recommended to get a blood as well as bone marrow stem cell transplant if they are in a condition which prevents the body from producing new healthy blood cells. Some of the conditions and diseases that prevent the bone marrow from doing so are given below:
The oncologist or hematologist shall decide for a stem cell transplant for a patient depending upon overall age and health, severity of the diseases and other treatment possibilities.
So the stem cell transplant is a kind of treatment to treat blood disorders or any types of cancer. Even blood diseases are also treated with transplants. Previously patients had to undergo a bone marrow transplant due to the fact that stem cells are collected from the bone marrow. But today stem cells get collected from the blood. And for this particular reason they are now called stem cell transplants. Nowadays stem cell therapies are used to combat hair loss and many other aesthetic related issues.
Some of the different types of stem cell treatments available are discussed below
Autologous transplant: These kinds of transplants are known as auto transplant. This kind of transplant has the scope of very high dose chemotherapy paired with autologous stem cell rescue. In this process usually the doctors treat the cancel and then make use of the stem cells from the patient itself. From the blood, stem cells are collected and the health care team then freezes it. These cells are usually placed back in the blood after thawing them in the frozen state post the chemotherapy. The cells take almost 24 hours to reach the bone marrow and start multiplying to give rise to healthy blood cells.
Allogenic transplantation: This is better known as an allo transplant medically. In this case stem cells are obtained from another individual. But this individual needs to be someone with whom the bone marrow of the patient matches. Due to presence of proteins in white blood cells called the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) it is important that bone marrow matching takes place. The most compatible stem cell donor will have the HLA matching with that of the patient.
But the process of matching can also give rise to a very severe condition named graft versus host disease or GVHD but then it is not very likely. In this kind of a disease the healthy cells obtained from transplantation will start attacking the cells of the patients. In such cases siblings are considered to be the best match. And if they are not available then some other close family member can also work. Once the donor is fixed then the patient starts receiving chemotherapy session with or without radiotherapy. The other person’s stem is then placed in a vein via a tube. These cells unlike the previous ones are not frozen so they can be given immediately after the completion of chemotherapy.
There can be two types of Allo transplantation depending upon the age, condition and the disease that is being addressed:
The first kind is ablative where high dose of chemotherapy is used and in the second kind milder doses of chemotherapy is employed.
When the assigned health care team is unable to find a matched adult donor then are other options that must be considered like the Umbilical cord blood transplant and these days cancer centers all around the globe make use of cord blood.
Parent child transplant and haplotype mismatched transplant: In these kinds of transplants which are commonly employed the match found is 50% instead of 100% and the donor can be a parent, child or brother and sister.
The first step in bone marrow transplant is to reduce the tumour so that the stem cell transplant success rate is improved. The process of harvesting stem cells takes around three to four hours, depending on the number of stem cells collected. The entire process may take around three to five days to complete. Blood count is daily monitored during collection of stem cells to ensure that it does not go below the admissible levels in the donor, which may contribute to anaemia.
A catheter is placed in the donor’s arm during the actual stem cell transplant procedure. The catheter is connected to a special machine that separated stem cells from the blood. After extracting the stem cells, the remaining blood is infused back into the donor's body.
The stem cell concentration in the bone marrow is almost 10 to 100 times more than the levels found in peripheral blood. The hip bone is considered to have the greatest amount of marrow in the active state and a large number of stem cells can also be extracted from there.
The process of harvesting the stem cells from the bone marrow is carried out in an operating room. The donor is given either general anaesthesia, an epidural, or spinal anaesthesia.
The surgeon makes a number of punctures over the skin covering the pelvic bone. A special kind of needle attached to a syringe is then inserted through these punctures. The needle penetrates the bone marrow and blood is drawn out along with marrow through the syringe. The process is continued several times to ensure enough numbers of stem cells are collected as required for the transplant. The whole duration can last for a period of one to two hours. The amount of blood and marrow removed will vary according to the weight and concentration of stem cells in the marrow of the donor. At the end of this procedure, the surgeon covers the puncture region with pressure dressing and bandages. The collected cells are filtered to separate fat particles and fragments of bones. The donor is taken to the recovery room where the hospital team checks for signs of pain, bleeding or any other side effects of the procedure. The donor can leave the hospital in a few hours after his or her body has recovered. But in some cases, they may be required to stay overnight for better monitoring.
The hip area of the donor remains sore for a few days and it is important to take medicines as directed to relieve the pain. Until the blood cell counts increase, doctors may suggest iron supplements t to enhance the ability of the bone marrow to replenish blood cells.
High dose of chemotherapy is given to the patient immediately after stem cell collection or can even be done at a later stage. Stem cells are injected into the bloodstream of the patient after the completion of high dose chemotherapy. These stem cells travel all the way to bone marrow to start producing new blood cells, which is important as a number of healthy blood cells are lost during high dose chemotherapy.
Until the bone marrow is in a position to make sufficient blood cells, the patient is at the risk of contracting infections and diseases. Therefore, the patient is kept in an isolation room following stem cell transplantation to protect him or her from contamination. The stay in isolation room lasts for over a week or until the level of blood cells is back to normal again.
Isolation is more important in the case of allogeneic stem cell transplant than autologous stem cell transplant. This is the reason why some hospitals do not prefer to keep a patient who has had an autologous transplant isolated.
During the recovery period, only one or two visitors are allowed to visit the patient. Those who are already ill should strictly avoid visiting the patient. There are a few hospital who conduct autologous stem cell transplant on an outpatient basis. However, the patient must come for follow-up 0vists regularly for monitoring of their health.
Bone Marrow Transplant cost in Turkey starts from about $40000. There many SAS, JCI, TEMOS certified hospitals in Turkey that offer Bone Marrow Transplant
The Bone Marrow Transplant package cost in Turkey varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The top hospitals for Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The comprehensive Bone Marrow Transplant package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Bone Marrow Transplant cost in Turkey.
There are many hospitals that perform Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 90 days in the country after discharge. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
One of the topmost destinations for Bone Marrow Transplant is Turkey. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Bone Marrow Transplant as well:
Apart from the Bone Marrow Transplant cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in Turkey per person are about USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey, including the following:
It is possible for patients to opt for video telemedicine consultation before they come for Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey. Some of the surgeons offering this service include the following
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Erdal Karaoz||USD 160||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Havva Evrengul||USD 130||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Yasemin Altuner Torun||USD 130||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Ozan Ozkaya||USD 130||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Makbule Eren||USD 130||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Ayhan Dinckan||USD 130||Schedule Now|
After the Bone Marrow Transplant takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 30 days. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
The average rating for Bone Marrow Transplant hospitals in Turkey is 3.6. Several parameters such as hospital infrastructure, pricing policy, quality of services, politeness of staff etc. contribute to the rating.
There are more than 21 hospitals that offer Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
One of the highly acclaimed destinations for medical tourism, Turkey offers a full range of high quality and affordable medical services. Turkey boasts of having some of the best multispecialty hospitals supported by highly trained and experienced doctors, world-class facilities, and advanced technology. Hospitals strictly follow the policies set by the government and accreditation bodies to cater to desired needs of patients and to set quality benchmarks in the healthcare industry. Some of the world-class multispecialty hospitals providing unmatched treatment in Turkey are
Hospitals in Turkey adhere to the quality standards set by Joint Commission International (JCI), a major healthcare accrediting body in the country. The hospitals in Turkey ensure top-quality medical care and strictly follow the international standards set by the accreditation body. The standards set a benchmark for quality assurance by hospitals. The standards require regular monitoring of critical events related to treatments and offer a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels.
Turkey is one of the top destinations for medical tourism because of several reasons like best healthcare infrastructure, world-class hospitals, advanced medical technology, and best doctors. Other factors which contribute to the popularity of medical tourism in Turkey are low consultation fee, low-cost medical treatments, and cheap medicines. The country has some of the finest hospitals of the world that offer unmatched treatment at an affordable cost and strive to provide Western-standardized care to their patients. Turkey has world-class doctors who have vast experience in multiple disciplines and some of them are trained in America and Europe who prefer to practice in Turkey.
Turkey has world-class doctors who are highly trained to handle all kinds of cases. They have also been educated at premier educational institutions in the world. Turkey houses some of the world’s best doctors who ensure excellent treatment results, which is mainly attributed to their deep subject knowledge and holistic treatment approach. Board-certified doctors deliver high-quality care to their patients and have the ability to practice at the top of their profession.
When traveling to Turkey for medical treatment, medical tourists need to carry documents like passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance, test reports, records, doctor referral notes. Packing is important when it comes traveling to another country for medical treatment.Packing is important when it comes traveling to another country for medical treatment. Before you leave your country, make sure you have all the listed documents with you. Check with the concerned authority for any extra items needed because the required documents may vary as per your destination.
A large number of medical tourists visit Turkey every year to avail popular procedures, such as:
The reasons for the popularity of these procedures in Turkey are affordable cost and a high success rate. Hospitals in Turkey offer the best possible treatments for a wide range of therapeutic areas. Hospitals in Turkey are equipped with the most advanced medical technology and highly experienced doctors, making the country the best destination for availing popular procedures.
Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya are some of the most popular medical tourist destinations in Turkey. Thousands of medical tourists visit these cities every year for availing treatment at the best hospitals which provide affordable medical care with world-class facilities, excellent patient care. Turkey with a number of world-class cities attracts almost one million medical tourists every year due to several reasons like world-class infrastructure, transportation facilities, availability of medical visas, and a wide range of food options. Turkey has always been a popular tourist destination with cities full of history and mesmerizing sandy beaches.
Hospitals in Turkey offer all modern facilities to patients to ensure that get the treatment in a confortable environment. Some of the facilities available at hospitals in Turkey are visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and cuisine to suit your palate. Hospitals in Turkey help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Yes, the hospitals in Turkey accept health insurance. If you have any health insurance that is internationally valid, please inform the hospitals about it. You need to get in touch in touch with your insurance company in your country to confirm if the treatment you want to undergo is covered at the hospital in Turkey. The hospital will ask for the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance to start your treatment cashless in case it is an approved insurance provider.
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