Bone marrow transplant, also known as stem cell transplant, is a procedure used to replace the damaged and diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. A bone marrow is a fatty and soft tissue present inside the cells. A bone marrow contains stem cells, which form all the types of cells in the body. The bone marrow produced the blood and in the absence of healthy cells, there is no formation of blood cells, including lymphocytes and red blood cells and thus, the immune system in the body of the patient falls flat.
Bone marrow transplant in Thailand is conducted for a variety of purposes. This procedure is used for the treatment of multiple disorders but it is most often carried out in patients suffering from blood cancer. It is used as a part of treatment for conditions such as leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell anemia, and aplastic anemia. There are several hospitals in Thailand that conduct stem cell transplantation, These hospitals possess all the technology that is used to extract and transplant bone marrow cells.
Bone marrow transplant cost in Thailand depends on several factors. A bone marrow transplant is a complicated procedure. The stem cells that are transplanted into the body of the patient are either retrieved from the body of the patient itself before he or she undergoes chemotherapy or radiation therapy, or they can be retrieved from a suitable donor. In other cases, umbilical cord blood transplant can be performed. Thus, the total cost of stem cell transplant in Thailand depends on the approach used to conduct the procedure, the source of the bone marrow and the total duration of hospitals stay, among several other factors.
Stem cell transplant is one modern technology that is undergoing rapid improvements. It is said these days that instead of investing in various life insurance policies that are making the rounds in the market, to secure the future and precious life of your child go for stem cell technologies. This can later cure him or her from any life threatening terminal disease like cancer. Stem cell transplant has been used in recent times as a cure for cancer, but the technique is different from the stem cell bank that is maintained these days for new born.
The bone marrow which is part of the bones is responsible for making blood cells. It is soft and spongy tissue lodged inside the bone having hematopoietic stem cells. These cells either turn into bone marrow cells or can turn into any other kinds of cells or the blood cells. But there are certain forms of cancers that can keep these cells from developing normally.
A patient is recommended to get a blood as well as bone marrow stem cell transplant if they are in a condition which prevents the body from producing new healthy blood cells. Some of the conditions and diseases that prevent the bone marrow from doing so are given below:
The oncologist or hematologist shall decide for a stem cell transplant for a patient depending upon overall age and health, severity of the diseases and other treatment possibilities.
So the stem cell transplant is a kind of treatment to treat blood disorders or any types of cancer. Even blood diseases are also treated with transplants. Previously patients had to undergo a bone marrow transplant due to the fact that stem cells are collected from the bone marrow. But today stem cells get collected from the blood. And for this particular reason they are now called stem cell transplants. Nowadays stem cell therapies are used to combat hair loss and many other aesthetic related issues.
Some of the different types of stem cell treatments available are discussed below
Autologous transplant: These kinds of transplants are known as auto transplant. This kind of transplant has the scope of very high dose chemotherapy paired with autologous stem cell rescue. In this process usually the doctors treat the cancel and then make use of the stem cells from the patient itself. From the blood, stem cells are collected and the health care team then freezes it. These cells are usually placed back in the blood after thawing them in the frozen state post the chemotherapy. The cells take almost 24 hours to reach the bone marrow and start multiplying to give rise to healthy blood cells.
Allogenic transplantation: This is better known as an allo transplant medically. In this case stem cells are obtained from another individual. But this individual needs to be someone with whom the bone marrow of the patient matches. Due to presence of proteins in white blood cells called the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) it is important that bone marrow matching takes place. The most compatible stem cell donor will have the HLA matching with that of the patient.
But the process of matching can also give rise to a very severe condition named graft versus host disease or GVHD but then it is not very likely. In this kind of a disease the healthy cells obtained from transplantation will start attacking the cells of the patients. In such cases siblings are considered to be the best match. And if they are not available then some other close family member can also work. Once the donor is fixed then the patient starts receiving chemotherapy session with or without radiotherapy. The other person’s stem is then placed in a vein via a tube. These cells unlike the previous ones are not frozen so they can be given immediately after the completion of chemotherapy.
There can be two types of Allo transplantation depending upon the age, condition and the disease that is being addressed:
The first kind is ablative where high dose of chemotherapy is used and in the second kind milder doses of chemotherapy is employed.
When the assigned health care team is unable to find a matched adult donor then are other options that must be considered like the Umbilical cord blood transplant and these days cancer centers all around the globe make use of cord blood.
Parent child transplant and haplotype mismatched transplant: In these kinds of transplants which are commonly employed the match found is 50% instead of 100% and the donor can be a parent, child or brother and sister.
The first step in bone marrow transplant is to reduce the tumour so that the stem cell transplant success rate is improved. The process of harvesting stem cells takes around three to four hours, depending on the number of stem cells collected. The entire process may take around three to five days to complete. Blood count is daily monitored during collection of stem cells to ensure that it does not go below the admissible levels in the donor, which may contribute to anaemia.
A catheter is placed in the donor’s arm during the actual stem cell transplant procedure. The catheter is connected to a special machine that separated stem cells from the blood. After extracting the stem cells, the remaining blood is infused back into the donor's body.
The stem cell concentration in the bone marrow is almost 10 to 100 times more than the levels found in peripheral blood. The hip bone is considered to have the greatest amount of marrow in the active state and a large number of stem cells can also be extracted from there.
The process of harvesting the stem cells from the bone marrow is carried out in an operating room. The donor is given either general anaesthesia, an epidural, or spinal anaesthesia.
The surgeon makes a number of punctures over the skin covering the pelvic bone. A special kind of needle attached to a syringe is then inserted through these punctures. The needle penetrates the bone marrow and blood is drawn out along with marrow through the syringe. The process is continued several times to ensure enough numbers of stem cells are collected as required for the transplant. The whole duration can last for a period of one to two hours. The amount of blood and marrow removed will vary according to the weight and concentration of stem cells in the marrow of the donor. At the end of this procedure, the surgeon covers the puncture region with pressure dressing and bandages. The collected cells are filtered to separate fat particles and fragments of bones. The donor is taken to the recovery room where the hospital team checks for signs of pain, bleeding or any other side effects of the procedure. The donor can leave the hospital in a few hours after his or her body has recovered. But in some cases, they may be required to stay overnight for better monitoring.
The hip area of the donor remains sore for a few days and it is important to take medicines as directed to relieve the pain. Until the blood cell counts increase, doctors may suggest iron supplements t to enhance the ability of the bone marrow to replenish blood cells.
High dose of chemotherapy is given to the patient immediately after stem cell collection or can even be done at a later stage. Stem cells are injected into the bloodstream of the patient after the completion of high dose chemotherapy. These stem cells travel all the way to bone marrow to start producing new blood cells, which is important as a number of healthy blood cells are lost during high dose chemotherapy.
Until the bone marrow is in a position to make sufficient blood cells, the patient is at the risk of contracting infections and diseases. Therefore, the patient is kept in an isolation room following stem cell transplantation to protect him or her from contamination. The stay in isolation room lasts for over a week or until the level of blood cells is back to normal again.
Isolation is more important in the case of allogeneic stem cell transplant than autologous stem cell transplant. This is the reason why some hospitals do not prefer to keep a patient who has had an autologous transplant isolated.
During the recovery period, only one or two visitors are allowed to visit the patient. Those who are already ill should strictly avoid visiting the patient. There are a few hospital who conduct autologous stem cell transplant on an outpatient basis. However, the patient must come for follow-up 0vists regularly for monitoring of their health.
The cost of a bone marrow transplant in Thailand starts from $55000 and may go up to $90,000 depending on several factors.
The package charges for bone marrow transplant in Thailand is inclusive of the following:
The package cost is not inclusive of the following charges:
Some of the factors that influence bone marrow transplant cost in Thailand include the following:
The following are the best hospitals for bone marrow transplant in Thailand:
Some of the top hematologists in Thailand for bone marrow transplant include the following:
The overall 1-year survival rate among patients who undergo bone marrow transplant is more than 90 percent.
The success rate of bone marrow transplant depends on a lot of factors, including the following:
The healthcare system in Thailand has no dearth of resources, be it financial, technological and human resources. The private healthcare and public healthcare work in tandem to create the strong healthcare infrastructure in Thailand. It is the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation (HQIA) which maintains the standard and quality of healthcare in Thailand. Not only these criteria but even the service delivery levels are maintained through the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation.
The Thai hospitals approach to healthcare is rooted in the personal touch and the clinical care they provide to their patients. The several multispecialty hospitals in Thailand have made it ease for any medical tourist to make the best of choices available. The globally recognised specialists provide the best treatment to patients and this makes them reliable. The famous multispecialty hospitals in Thailand are:
Thailand has been an attractive health tourism destination for a long time which has many positives going for it. Thailand hospitals have International patient services in their topmost multipsecialty hospitals which makes it easy for the medical travelers to travel to Thailand and get treated. You will get Interpreters, International medical coordinators, concierge services, embassy and airport transfer assistance and International insurance coordination in one place. Thai healthcare systems are known to give the entire specturm of treatment options, be it aesthetic procedures or tertiary care processes.
It is no wonder that people from all around the world seek out doctors from Thailand. The doctors are well versed in their field of expertise and their skiils are vouched for by various experts. Whether it is providing quality care or investing in innovative techniques doctors in Thailand are doing it all. The experience of Thai doctors with innumerable international patients have refined their craft.
The decision to come to Thailand should be done in tandem with getting the documents ready. Travel documents, medical documents and ready finances are needed for your Thailand visit Let us look at the documents you need to come to Thailand for your medical treatment.
Thailand is a medical tourism hub for various reasons. In addition to people coming here to holiday, Thailand provides the best of medical treatment at affordable costs. We bring to you the most popular procedures available in Thailand that encapsulate the healthcare systems:
It is important that you get your immunisations and vaccinations before you travel internationally. Even medical travellers coming to Thailand must get protected from potential health hazards. We are outlining the vaccinations recommended by CDC and WHO. Japanese Encephalitis, Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis), Chickenpox, Shingles, Pneumonia, Influenza, Rabies, Meningitis, Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, Cholera and Yellow Fever.
The hospitals in Thailand are equipped with the latest technologies and these are applied with precision to treat patients. There is a center for international patients in the hospitals in Thailand which caters to all the travel, transfer and accomodation needs of patients and their co travellers. Integrated medical support services and emergency services add value to the existing facilities that hospitals provide in Thailand. There are a variety of medical facilities available in Thailand hospitals such as radiology services, operating theaters, Intensive care units, cardiac care units, diagnostic laboratory and pharmacies.
Thailand is a major medical tourism destination in Thailand owing to the amalgamation of its tourism potential and the high standards of medical facilities offered by its hospitals. The affordable costs of various treatments means you can combine your holiday with getting treatment done at prices much lower than just the treatment costs in many countries. Healthcare facilities in addition to a strong cultural identity , natural beauty and rich history ensure Thailand has a strong medical tourism potential. We can safely say that Phuket and Bangkok are the most attractive medical tourism destinations in Thailand.
MediGence has pre-negotiated bundled pricing for many surgical procedures that helps you save cost and avail unmatched benefitsExplore our Best Offers
Ask your healthcare adviser for the best multiple options and choose the one that meets your expectations
(+1) 424 283 4838