Many hospitals in Turkey offers world-class facilities for craniotomy. The post-surgical care is on par with some of the developed countries of the world. The success rates of these complex surgeries are high and the latest technologies and computer-guided tools minimize the risk during surgery. Most of the hospitals are situated in Istanbul, Ankara, and Antalya. Many hospitals conducting craniotomy in Turkey are accredited by JCI.
Craniotomy surgery is one of the most common types of brain surgery conducted to treat a brain tumor. It mainly aims at removing a lesion, tumor, or a blood clot in the brain by opening a flap above the brain to access the targeted area. This flap is removed on a temporary basis and again put in place when the surgery is done. Around 90 percent of the cases of brain tumors are diagnosed in adults aged between 55 and 65. Among children, a brain tumor is diagnosed within an age range of 3 to 12 years.
Craniotomy procedures are conducted with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to reach the location precisely in the brain that requires treatment. A three-dimensional image for the same is achieved of the brain in conjunction with localizing frames and computers to view a tumor properly. A clear distinction is made between abnormal or tumor tissue and normal healthy tissue and to access the exact location of the abnormal tissue.
In a minimally invasive craniotomy procedure, a burr hole or a keyhole may be created to access the brain to fulfill the following purposes:
When there are complex craniotomies involved, the procedure may be referred to as a skull base surgery. In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the skull is removed from the bottom of the brain. This is the region where delicate arteries, veins, and cranial nerves exit the skull. Complicated planning is done to plan such craniotomies and understand the location of the lesions. This type of approach is usually employed for:
Primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors. Primary ones are found to originate very close to the brain itself or in the tissues very close to it, such as the covering membranes of the brain, including the meninges, cranial nerves, pineal, or pituitary gland. It begins with normal cells, which at a later period undergoes some mutational errors in their DNA. The mutation triggers cells to grow and divide at a very high rate while healthy cells keep dying around it. This results in a mass of abnormal cells which gives rise to a tumor. Unlike primary tumors, the secondary tumors begin as cancer elsewhere and spread to the brain.
No matter what the goal of the surgery is, it is best to ensure that the incision is made to address the intracranial lesion keeping some principles in mind. A wide variety of intracranial processes can be done via a craniotomy with a different variety of incisions. Some of these variations include frontal craniotomy, pterional craniotomy, temporal craniotomy, decompression craniectomy, and suboccipital craniotomy.
A craniotomy is a type of brain surgery wherein part of the bone from the skull is removed to access the brain. This type of brain surgery is used to treat a brain tumor, blood clot in the brain and various types of other abnormalities related to the brain. In craniotomy surgery, bone flap (a section of the skull) is temporarily removed by specialized surgical tools and are again placed to their exact position after the surgery gets completed. The main aim of the surgeon is to access that particular portion of the brain which is abnormal. For reaching precisely to the affected area without any damage to the healthy tissues, various diagnostic tools such as CT scan and MRI can be used by the surgeon.
There are several common causes for doing a craniotomy surgery such as:
Aneurysm: Aneurysm is characterized by weakening of blood vessel walls and when blood flows through these walls, the vessels bulge like a balloon.
Brain tumor: Brain tumor is a collection of abnormal cells which starts growing uncontrollably in the brain. These cells may interfere in the physiological functioning of the brain. Malignant brain tumors may be metastatic or primary brain tumors.
Arteriovenous malformation: Arteriovenous malformation is a type of abnormalities caused due to the entanglement of arteries and vein results in poor blood flow and reduced oxygen supply.
Brain injury: Brain injury caused by any blood disorder, swelling of brain and damage to brain tissue.
Turkey provided the craniotomy surgery at a highly competitive price as compared to other countries. Well experienced surgeons, top facilities in the hospital, latest technologies, high success rate encourage the medical tourists to undergo craniotomy in Turkey. The average cost of craniotomy surgery in turkey is USD 15,000.
There are various factors which affect the cost of craniotomy surgery in turkey;
Types of technologies: Types of technologies used during surgery such as cutting-edge robotics, and state of the art technologies affect the cost of craniotomy surgery.
Types of hospitals: Hospitals with huge infrastructure and modern facilities affects the cost of surgery. Location of the hospital is also an important factor.
Hospitals facilities: Hospitals facilities included specialized intensive care units, transportation services, free transfer between the airport, rehabilitation, health insurance co-ordination also affects the cost of craniotomy surgery.
Cost of diagnostic tests: There are several diagnostic tests conducted before and after craniotomy surgery such as computerized tomography (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography, echocardiogram, and electrocardiography. These tests affect the cost of this surgery.
The expertise of specialist: Cost of craniotomy surgery depends upon the experience of the doctor and his success rate.
Medication expenses: Medication cost included anticonvulsants, pain relief, and any other medications prescribed by the surgeon.
Extra services expenses: Extra services include rehabilitation therapy such as physical therapy also increases the overall cost of surgery.
Affected site of the brain: More complex the surgery is, more would be the cost of surgery.
After surgery of craniotomy, the recovery process in depending upon these factors;
When craniotomy surgery is done, the patient is shifted in a recovery room where the vital signs are monitored.
The patient is advised to frequently move fingers, hands, and toes to minimize the risk of deposition of a blood clot.
Medications should be administered as directed by the surgeon or the paramedical staff.
After craniotomy surgery, patients should take rehabilitation therapy under the guidance of rehabilitation specialists. Rehabilitation therapy included physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language therapy.
Drowsiness, headache, nausea may be experienced by the patients undergone craniotomy surgery.
If any infection or increase temperature is observed or there is any inflammation at the site of incision, consult with the doctor.
Patients should avoid strenuous activities.
If the patient experiences any reduction in mental function, seizures, nerve damage or stroke, he should consult with the doctor
Following are some of the top Hospitals for Craniotomy Surgery in Turkey:
Lifemed Medical Center, Istanbul, Turkey
Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Medicana Hospital Groups, Istanbul, Turkey
Hisar Intercontinental Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Anadolu Medical Center, Gebze/Kocaeli, Turkey
Acibadem Taksim, Istanbul, Turkey
Medipol Mega University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Following are the most sought after Neurosurgeons for Craniotomy Surgery in Turkey:
Dr. Ali Zırh, Medipol Mega Hastaneler Kompleksi, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Mustafa Kemal Hamamcıoğlu, Liv Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Sait Sirin, Medicana Hospital Groups, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Murat Cobanoglu, Hisar Intercontinental Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Prof. Serdar Kahraman, Anadolu Medical Center, Gebze/Kocaeli, Turkey
The success rate of craniotomy in Turkey is at par with the developed countries. The success rate of craniotomy surgery in turkey depends upon the following factors;
Types of brain injury: It is one of the most important factors which determine the overall survival rate. Some brain injuries such as meningioma and oligodendroglioma can be treated with high success rates.
Patients age: Age of the patient also affects the success rate of craniotomy surgery. The recovery is faster in younger patients as compared to older patients.
Grades of tumors: The tumors are categorized as low-grade tumors and high-grade tumors. Patients who are diagnosed with low-grade tumors have better outcomes and high success rates after craniotomy surgery.
Incision planning: A variety of incisions are done during craniotomy surgery. If the number of incisions is less, the patient has early recovery.
(+1) 424 283 4838