Nasal polyps are fleshy swellings or polypoidal, benign/non-cancerous masses that develop in the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses. They usually occur in both nostrils, though unilateral polyps rarely occur. Polyp formation in the nasal cavity is due to chronic allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, and, less commonly due to underlying disease such as cystic fibrosis.
Patients with large polyps present with nasal obstruction (breathing difficulty), persistent nasal discharge (rhinorrhea), sinus infection, and loss of the sense of smell (anosmia) for a prolonged duration.
It is usually done to remove polyps that are closer to the nasal opening.
Procedure: Initially the local anesthetic is applied to the surgical site which helps to numb the area. To carry out the surgical process, forceps or a
Polyps which are large and obstructive and which are not effectively managed with medications such as steroids are removed by this endoscopic sinus surgical method. This procedure helps to improve airflow through the nasal passage as well as improves sinus drainage and sense of smell and taste.
Procedure: An optical tube with a video camera at one end (endoscope) is passed into the nostrils by the surgeon. This allows them to see inside of nose and sinuses. Once the location of nasal polyps has been identified, then specialized instruments such as micro-
Sometimes, a laser device is used instead of micro-
Sinus surgery cost varies from hospital to hospital and country to country.
Long-term steroidal nasal spray therapy is recommended post-surgery, to delay the recurrence of the polyps quickly.
Common problems associated with endoscopic sinus surgery include:
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