Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost in Morocco

About Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall (septum) between the upper two chambers of the heart, known as atria. It is a congenital defect, that is, the defect is present at the time of the birth.

Some ASDs are extremely small and never cause any trouble. Some may close on their own during infancy or early years after the birth. However, for symptomatic ASDs, people may need treatment during their childhood or adulthood, depending on the severity of the symptoms.

ASDs may also go unnoticed or undiagnosed. However, symptoms such as breathlessness, swelling in the legs, heart palpitations, and heart murmurs can be a sign of ASD. Therefore, it must be repaired then and there.

How is Atrial Septal Defect Treated?

Atrial septal defects are repaired or treated through following two approaches. The ASD repair cost depends on which of these approaches are applied.

  • Transcatheter ASD Repair: This is a minimally invasive procedure, which is performed in a catheterization lab. In this approach, a catheter is passed from a blood vessel in the arm or groin area to reach the site of the defect. The mesh is placed on top of the defect to close it. After securing the mesh, the catheter is withdrawn.
  • Surgical ASD Repair: This approach is more common as compared to the transcatheter repair. In this case, the surgeon makes an incision in the chest to access the defect and place a patch to cover the hole. Before the surgery, the patient is put on a heart-lung bypass machine so that the surgeon can repair it.

The success rate of both approaches is more than 98 percent. However, transcatheter ASD repair has been associated with quicker recovery.

Factors Affecting the Cost of ASD Repair Surgery Cost

The following factors affect the Atrial Septal Defect repair cost:

  • The approach used for the repair
  • Size of the defect
  • Experience of the specialist
  • Choice of hospital or clinic
  • Location of the hospital or clinic
  • Age of the patient
  • Presence of other comorbidities
  • Duration of hospital stay
  • Other hospital charges
  • Unforeseen circumstances
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About the Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair

Holes in the heart are a type of congenital heart disease. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are the two most common congenital defects that may affect an individual. These occur due to structural malformation in the walls of the heart when these are developing at the fetal stage. ASD and VSD can be repaired and closed as soon as they are identified or right after birth. ASD is the hole in the septa that divides the two atrium and VSD refers to the hole in the ventricular walls. The holes allow the reverse flow of blood, thus, facilitating the mixing of pure and impure blood.

  • To understand the holes in heart we must briefly understand the working of the heart. The heart works like a pump beating on an average of 100,000 times in a day. It has two sides which are divided by a wall called septum. The right side of the valve pumps blood to the lungs and picks up oxygen. The oxygen-rich blood then returns to the left side of the heart from the lungs and then the left side pumps it to the rest of the body.
  • These two sides are divided into 4 chambers having four valves connecting them to various blood vessels. For carrying blood from the body to the heart, veins are responsible while arteries carry the blood away from the heart to be circulated to the body. The atria are two upper chambers that collect blood while ventricles are the two lower chambers pumping the blood to the lungs and other parts of the body.
  • The valves act like doors allowing a flow of blood through the next chamber to arteries and then they close to keep the blood from again returning back to the previous chamber from where it came. In a systolic contraction, the ventricles pump blood from the heart and in a diastolic contraction, the ventricles relax to receive blood pumped by the atria. The aortic and pulmonary valves close at the beginning of the diastole to prevent the chances of backflow. Thus, the presence of a hole in the septa may lead to mixing of the blood and interfere with the normal flow of blood circulation in the body.
  • An ASD is naturally present when the baby is still a fetus. But the hole closes on its own by the time of birth. However, in some cases, it may persist even after birth. An ASD can be of different types, including sinus venosus atrial septal defect, mixed atrial septal defect, ostium secundum atrial septal defect. A VSD, on the other hand, is usually detected in a baby or in an adult when a doctor observes a heart murmur. Certain tests such as an echocardiogram or electrocardiogram are performed to confirm its presence.

Typically, medications are administered to see whether ASD or VSD closes on its own. In case the defect does not close on its own and the individual continues to experience atrial septal defect symptoms such as breathing difficulties, heart murmurs, shortness of breath, and respiratory infections, then a surgery is recommended. The surgical procedure for atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect treatment are almost the same, except the fact that different parts of the heart are targeted during the surgery.

How is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair performed?

Two different types of approaches can be used for ASD and VSD repair or closure, depending on the experience of the surgeon, the overall health of the patient, and certain other factors. The first is open-heart surgery and the second one is cardiac catheterization. Irrespective of the approach used, the patient is administered a general anesthetic so that he or she does not feel any pain and is asleep during the procedure.

Open heart surgery:

The main surgical approach used to repair or close ASD or VSD is open-heart surgery. It is conducted by making an incision in the chest and using surgical instruments to open the chest to gain access to the heart. The heart is then put on bypass, which involves connecting it to a machine that pumps blood to the body during the surgery. For the same reason, it is also known as the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon then repairs the hole by closing it with sutures or by placing a biological patch on it that mixes with the muscle. Once the hole is repaired, the chest is then closed and the incision site is closed with sutures.

Cardiac catheterization:

It is a minimally invasive procedure conducted using a catheter, which is inserted into the blood vessel of the groin. The catheter is then guided up to the heart and mesh material is placed over the hole through the catheter to close the defect. Once the repair is made, the catheter is removed.

Within a period of 6 months, normal tissues start growing in and around the mesh. Only a needle puncture is made in this procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. This procedure is usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.

Recovery from Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair

Recovery from ASD/VSD Surgical procedure

The patient will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for a day or so for continuous monitoring. Antibiotics will be administered to the patient to prevent infections such as endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent the formation of blood clots, the patient may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till that patient is fit enough to handle physical exertion.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the factors affecting the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco?

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair package cost in Morocco has different inclusions and exclusions. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. There are many things that may increase the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.

Which are some of the best clinics in Morocco for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repairt?

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco is offered by multiple hospitals across the country. Some of the most renowned hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco include the following:

  1. Clinique Internationale Marrakech
How many days does it take to recover post Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco?

Upon discharge from the hospital after Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco, the patients are advised to stay for about 20 days for recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.

Which are some of the other popular destinations for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair?

One of the topmost destinations for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair is Morocco. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of such countries are:

CountryCost
IndiaUSD 5000
PolandUSD 6000
South AfricaUSD 5000
ThailandUSD 21500
TurkeyUSD 8000
United Arab EmiratesUSD 10150
How much are the other expenses in Morocco apart from the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair?

Apart from the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.

Which are the best cities in Morocco for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair Procedure?

Some of the best cities in Morocco which offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair are:

  1. Marrakesh
  2. Casablanca
How many days does one have to spend in the hospital for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco?

The average duration of stay at the hospital after Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair is about 5 days for proper care and monitoring. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.

How many hospitals offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco?

There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Morocco. The above listed clinics are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair patients. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.

FAQ's Related to Morocco

What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in Morocco?

The hospitals in Morocco are as good as the best hospitals in the world in every parameter and thus JCI accreditation has been given to many wonderful hospitals in Morocco. JCI or Joint Commission International is a body which is credible and is unmatched in the experience of appraising healthcare organisations in Morocco. There is no dearth of amazing healthcare institutions that are vying for JCI accreditation, a mark of excellence. JCI measures the service quality, patient care and organisation management standards of hospitals in Morocco.

Which are the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco?

We bring to you some of the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco:

  1. Clinique Assalam, Tangier
  2. Cheikh Zaïd Hospital, Rabat
  3. Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn Rochd, Casablanca
  4. Polyclinique CNSS, Tangier
  5. Cheikh Khalifa Ibn Zaid Hospital, Casablanca
  6. Atlas Polyclinic, Fes
  7. Clinique la Capitale, Rabat
  8. Clinique Les Nations Unies, Rabat
  9. Clinique Dar Salam, Casablanca
  10. Clinique Bennis, Tangier
  11. Clinique Internationale Marrakech
  12. Clinique Val Fleuri, Tangier and Kenitra
  13. Agdal Clinic, Rabat
  14. Clinique Jerrada, Casablanca

Cutting edge equipments which are constantly upgraded are present in the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco. There are many options of healthcare organisations to choose from in Morocco in Rabat, Marrakech, Fes, Tangier and Casablanca. In Morocco, top quality in healthcare is being provided through multispecialty hospitals and clinics by both government and private organisations.

Why should I opt for treatment in Morocco?

The healthcare system in Morocco has a wide base with clinics for basic healthcare, and more advanced healthcare being provided in hospitals such as local hospitals, regional and university hospitals. It is wise to head to Morocco as a medical traveller as you can get your medical treatment and visit the tourist places at one go with its wonderful healthcare structure. The government of Morocco is working in tandem with the private sector to boost the technological advancements in infrastructure in its hospitals and clinics. The processes of travel, transfer and procuring medical visa all lead to Morocco being the right choice as your next medical travel destination.

What is the quality of doctors in Morocco?

The doctors in Morocco are exceptionally good when it comes to treating all kinds of medical conditions and emergencies which gives a lot of confidence to any patient coming to Morocco for their medical treatment. The doctors and surgeons in Morocco are skilled and talented owing to years of education and experience. Whether it be performing procedures with new techniques or working with latest technologies the doctors in Morocco are known to bring in efficiency with excellent results. The soft skills of the doctors in Morocco are highly developed because of their exposure to international training programs and treatment of international patients.

When traveling to Morocco for medical treatment, what essential documents do I need to carry along?

We have outlined the documents that are required for your medical travel to Morocco:

  1. Invitation Letter from hospital in Morocco
  2. Bank statement of atleast last six months
  3. Passport
  4. Sponsorship letter (if applicable)
  5. Visa
  6. Medical reports/records
  7. Itinerary
  8. Accommodation booking details
  9. Return air tickets

Please ensure that the documents support your international, local travel and transfer and are a testament to your ability to pay for your medical travel. Your medical travel to Morocco should be supported with clear and concise communication between your healthcare providers (country of origin and Morocco). If your documents are complete, then your medical travel to Morocco should be seamless and effortless.

What are the popular procedures available in Morocco?

The popular procedures being performed in the hospitals in Morocco are as follows:

  1. Kidney Stone Removal
  2. Cardiac Valve Replacement
  3. Breast Augmentation
  4. Liposuction
  5. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS)Treatment
  6. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction
  7. Meniscus Repair

Cosmetic surgeries such as Breast Augmentation and Liposuction are routinely performed in the hospitals and clinics in Morocco. It is the procedures like Cardiac Valve Replacement and Kidney Stone Removal that are becoming the pride of the healthcare providers in Morocco. Even in the specialties such as Gynaecology, the hospitals and clinics in Morocco are doing really well in terms of high success rates and increasing number of patients.

Is it mandatory to take vaccinations before going to Morocco?

Please get the adequate precautions before your medical travel to Morocco in the form of vaccinations. We bring to you the recommended travel vaccinations (by CDC and WHO) that you must take well before boarding your flight to Morocco:

  1. Polio
  2. Hepatitis A
  3. Hepatitis B
  4. Tetanus
  5. Rabies
  6. Typhoid

When planning your medical travel to Morocco, please check the dosage and frequency of the vaccines to be taken in consultation with your healthcare provider. Some routine vaccines like Flu, MMR and DPT are meant to be taken well in advance of your travel plans and these are determined by CDC and WHO.

What are the other facilities provided by hospitals in Morocco?

The treatment, travel and transfer process is made easy when you are undergoing medical treatment in any multidisciplinary hospital in Morocco through the International patient centers. There are so many different kinds of facilities that are available in the hospitals in Morocco such as:

  1. Choice of Accommodation and Meals
  2. Flight Booking
  3. Airport Transfer
  4. Pharmacy
  5. Physiotherapy
  6. Prayer rooms

In Morocco, it is the hospital administrative staff that helps you with the insurance coverage assessment and the payment procedure. The consultation process with your medical practitioner in the hospital in Morocco can begin well in advance through virtual consultation via video, calls and emails.

What are the major medical tourism destinations in Morocco?

Let us have a look at some medical travel destinations in Morocco:

  1. Casablanca
  2. Fez
  3. Marrakech
  4. Rabat
  5. Tangier
  6. Agadir

Both the private sector and the Government of Morocco are investing in upgrading the healthcare sector and the tourism infrastructure which is having a promising effect on the medical tourism sector in Morocco. The medical industry in Morocco is developing positively and this is obvious with its 31st rank in the Medical Tourism Index 2020-21. The Government of Morocco has made some legislative changes in recent years and is developing an ecosystem to further encourage the growth of medical tourism in the country.