Holes in the heart are a type of congenital heart disease. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are the two most common congenital defects that may affect an individual. These occur due to structural malformation in the walls of the heart when these are developing at the fetal stage. ASD and VSD can be repaired and closed as soon as they are identified or right after birth. ASD is the hole in the septa that divides the two atrium and VSD refers to the hole in the ventricular walls. The holes allow the reverse flow of blood, thus, facilitating the mixing of pure and impure blood.
Typically, medications are administered to see whether ASD or VSD closes on its own. In case the defect does not close on its own and the individual continues to experience atrial septal defect symptoms such as breathing difficulties, heart murmurs, shortness of breath, and respiratory infections, then a surgery is recommended. The surgical procedure for atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect treatment are almost the same, except the fact that different parts of the heart are targeted during the surgery.
Two different types of approaches can be used for ASD and VSD repair or closure, depending on the experience of the surgeon, the overall health of the patient, and certain other factors. The first is open-heart surgery and the second one is cardiac catheterization. Irrespective of the approach used, the patient is administered a general anesthetic so that he or she does not feel any pain and is asleep during the procedure.
The main surgical approach used to repair or close ASD or VSD is open-heart surgery. It is conducted by making an incision in the chest and using surgical instruments to open the chest to gain access to the heart. The heart is then put on bypass, which involves connecting it to a machine that pumps blood to the body during the surgery. For the same reason, it is also known as the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon then repairs the hole by closing it with sutures or by placing a biological patch on it that mixes with the muscle. Once the hole is repaired, the chest is then closed and the incision site is closed with sutures.
It is a minimally invasive procedure conducted using a catheter, which is inserted into the blood vessel of the groin. The catheter is then guided up to the heart and mesh material is placed over the hole through the catheter to close the defect. Once the repair is made, the catheter is removed.
Within a period of 6 months, normal tissues start growing in and around the mesh. Only a needle puncture is made in this procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. This procedure is usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
The patient will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for a day or so for continuous monitoring. Antibiotics will be administered to the patient to prevent infections such as endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent the formation of blood clots, the patient may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till that patient is fit enough to handle physical exertion.
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost in Spain varies from one hospital to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Spain generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The comprehensive Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost in Spain.
There are many hospitals that perform Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Spain. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Spain:
After Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Spain, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 20 days. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Spain is considered to be one of the best places for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair as well:
|South Africa||USD 5000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10150|
There are certain expenses additional to the Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Spain:
There are many Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair surgeons who offer video telemedicine consultation to patients who need this treatment. Some of them include the following:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Juli Carballo||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Antonio Berruezo||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Xavier Ruyra Baliarda||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Josep Brugada||USD 833||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Raul F Abella||USD 606||Schedule Now|
After Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair, the patient is supposed to stay for about 5 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 8 hospitals that offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Spain. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair patients.
The healthcare accredition standards followed in Spain have ensured that the quality of healthcare is maintained at every level of functioning. The healthcare system in Spain is synonymous with quality on several parameters. Joint Commission International is an international accrediting agency which is giving the quality stamp of approval to hospitals in Spain. Joint Commission International evaluators who judge these hospitals on various parameters are thorough professionals and their results can be completely relied upon.
The multispecialty hospital groups in Spain are being relied upon by patients that come here from different nationalities and cultures. The hospitals in Spain are some of the best in the world and cover so many different specialties under individual roofs. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
The multispecialty hospitals in Spain have a wide coverage of treatments possible making it easier for any patient to get multiple issues covered at any one hospital itself.
Spain has absolutely exceptional health infrastructure which is upgraded with the latest technologies. The other plus point of getting your medical treatment done in Spain is the competent and skilled doctors who can treat a number of conditions. The universal cost coverage (excluding prescription drugs) or uni payer system gives an advantage to those wanting to get their treatment done in Spain. Their is symbiotic relationship of wonderful tourist towns and cities with exceptional healthcare facilities, making Spain a natural choice as a medical tourism destination.
The doctors in Spain have been educated at the best educational institutions in the world. The practical experience of the doctors in Spain has ensured that their medical and surgical skills are refined. The doctors in Spain have a zest for learning and application of new medical and surgical techniques as well as technologies.Whether it is learning new techniques or practical application of the new technologies, the doctors in Spain are adept at it all. It should be easy for you to get treated in Spain as the language barrier does not exist, you can converse with your doctor easily in english.
As you decide to travel to Spain, start by creating an essential document checklist. The documents that you carry must make the journey and treatment a seamless process during your medical tourism journey to Spain. Travel documents that are essential are financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs, employment documents (as per status) and passport, visa, roundtrip ticket, travel medical insurance, accomodation proof and civil status proof. Also, you must carry your medical documents such as medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
Spain is a medical tourism destination that has long been frequented by travelers the world over. The sporting culture in Spain makes sports medicine and orthopaedics a natural fit as both medical and surgical specialties in Spain. With an advanced health ecosystem, all kinds of procedures are done in Spain but we are listing some of the focus areas here. Orthopaedic procedures, spine surgery, sports medicine related procedures, fertility treatments, plastic surgery, dentistry, eye care and bariatric surgery.
The vaccinations before you head to Spain as a medical traveller are not just essential but mandatory as well. Some health conditions mandate taking vaccinations on a regular basis such as Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), Polio and Chickenpox (Varicella). Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Measles related vaccinations are for travelers with a higher degree of risk. Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies are some conditions whose vaccinations you must take before going to Spain.
There are many facilities that hospitals provide to aid people coming to Spain to travel and get better in the process. The International patient services is one such helpful facility provided in major hospitals in Spain. You can avail private health insurance in hospitals in Spain which will make it easier for someone who is visiting Spain as a medical tourist. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Madrid is well known for general healthcare and reproductive health services whereas Barcelona has really good child healthcare hospitals. Medical tourism is one of the key industries in Spain and there is an increased investment drive to further enhance the capabilities of this sector. Medical infrastructure in Spain is highly developed and is being regularly upgraded with the latest technologies.
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