An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall (septum) between the upper two chambers of the heart, known as atria. It is a congenital defect, that is, the defect is present at the time of the birth.
Some ASDs are extremely small and never cause any trouble. Some may close on their own during infancy or early years after the birth. However, for symptomatic ASDs, people may need treatment during their childhood or adulthood, depending on the severity of the symptoms.
ASDs may also go unnoticed or undiagnosed. However, symptoms such as breathlessness, swelling in the legs, heart palpitations, and heart murmurs can be a sign of ASD. Therefore, it must be repaired then and there.
Atrial septal defects are repaired or treated through following two approaches. The ASD repair cost depends on which of these approaches are applied.
The success rate of both approaches is more than 98 percent. However, transcatheter ASD repair has been associated with quicker recovery.
The following factors affect the Atrial Septal Defect repair cost:
Holes in the heart are a type of congenital heart disease. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are the two most common congenital defects that may affect an individual. These occur due to structural malformation in the walls of the heart when these are developing at the fetal stage. ASD and VSD can be repaired and closed as soon as they are identified or right after birth. ASD is the hole in the septa that divides the two atrium and VSD refers to the hole in the ventricular walls. The holes allow the reverse flow of blood, thus, facilitating the mixing of pure and impure blood.
Typically, medications are administered to see whether ASD or VSD closes on its own. In case the defect does not close on its own and the individual continues to experience atrial septal defect symptoms such as breathing difficulties, heart murmurs, shortness of breath, and respiratory infections, then a surgery is recommended. The surgical procedure for atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect treatment are almost the same, except the fact that different parts of the heart are targeted during the surgery.
Two different types of approaches can be used for ASD and VSD repair or closure, depending on the experience of the surgeon, the overall health of the patient, and certain other factors. The first is open-heart surgery and the second one is cardiac catheterization. Irrespective of the approach used, the patient is administered a general anesthetic so that he or she does not feel any pain and is asleep during the procedure.
The main surgical approach used to repair or close ASD or VSD is open-heart surgery. It is conducted by making an incision in the chest and using surgical instruments to open the chest to gain access to the heart. The heart is then put on bypass, which involves connecting it to a machine that pumps blood to the body during the surgery. For the same reason, it is also known as the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon then repairs the hole by closing it with sutures or by placing a biological patch on it that mixes with the muscle. Once the hole is repaired, the chest is then closed and the incision site is closed with sutures.
It is a minimally invasive procedure conducted using a catheter, which is inserted into the blood vessel of the groin. The catheter is then guided up to the heart and mesh material is placed over the hole through the catheter to close the defect. Once the repair is made, the catheter is removed.
Within a period of 6 months, normal tissues start growing in and around the mesh. Only a needle puncture is made in this procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. This procedure is usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
The patient will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for a day or so for continuous monitoring. Antibiotics will be administered to the patient to prevent infections such as endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent the formation of blood clots, the patient may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till that patient is fit enough to handle physical exertion.
The average cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand starts from USD 21500 Many multispeciality hospitals in Thailand that are Healthcare Accreditation Institute, JCI certified are approved and most sought after for treating international patients with Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost in Thailand varies from one hospital to the other. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. Typically, the package cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. There are many things that may increase the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
Many hospitals in Thailand perform Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 20 days in the country after discharge. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
Thailand is one of the most popular countries for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in the world. The country offers the best cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair include the following:
|South Africa||USD 5000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10150|
Apart from the Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand, including the following:
Patients who are interested in availing telemedicine consultation before they travel for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand can opt for the same. There are many Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair surgeons who offer video telemedicine consultation, including the following:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Vichai Benjacholamas||USD 81||Schedule Now|
After Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair, the patient is supposed to stay for about 5 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 5 hospitals that offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Thailand. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair patients. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
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