Holes in the heart are a type of congenital heart disease. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are the two most common congenital defects that may affect an individual. These occur due to structural malformation in the walls of the heart when these are developing at the fetal stage. ASD and VSD can be repaired and closed as soon as they are identified or right after birth. ASD is the hole in the septa that divides the two atrium and VSD refers to the hole in the ventricular walls. The holes allow the reverse flow of blood, thus, facilitating the mixing of pure and impure blood.
Typically, medications are administered to see whether ASD or VSD closes on its own. In case the defect does not close on its own and the individual continues to experience atrial septal defect symptoms such as breathing difficulties, heart murmurs, shortness of breath, and respiratory infections, then a surgery is recommended. The surgical procedure for atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect treatment are almost the same, except the fact that different parts of the heart are targeted during the surgery.
Two different types of approaches can be used for ASD and VSD repair or closure, depending on the experience of the surgeon, the overall health of the patient, and certain other factors. The first is open-heart surgery and the second one is cardiac catheterization. Irrespective of the approach used, the patient is administered a general anesthetic so that he or she does not feel any pain and is asleep during the procedure.
The main surgical approach used to repair or close ASD or VSD is open-heart surgery. It is conducted by making an incision in the chest and using surgical instruments to open the chest to gain access to the heart. The heart is then put on bypass, which involves connecting it to a machine that pumps blood to the body during the surgery. For the same reason, it is also known as the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon then repairs the hole by closing it with sutures or by placing a biological patch on it that mixes with the muscle. Once the hole is repaired, the chest is then closed and the incision site is closed with sutures.
It is a minimally invasive procedure conducted using a catheter, which is inserted into the blood vessel of the groin. The catheter is then guided up to the heart and mesh material is placed over the hole through the catheter to close the defect. Once the repair is made, the catheter is removed.
Within a period of 6 months, normal tissues start growing in and around the mesh. Only a needle puncture is made in this procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. This procedure is usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
The patient will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for a day or so for continuous monitoring. Antibiotics will be administered to the patient to prevent infections such as endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent the formation of blood clots, the patient may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till that patient is fit enough to handle physical exertion.
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost in Malaysia varies from one hospital to the other. Some of the best hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair procedure in Malaysia includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost in Malaysia.
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Malaysia is offered by multiple hospitals across the country. Some of the best hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Malaysia include the following:
After Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Malaysia, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 20 days. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
Malaysia is undoubtedly one of the best countries for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair include the following:
|South Africa||USD 5000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10150|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair cost. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Malaysia is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
The average duration of stay at the hospital after Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair is about 5 days for proper care and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Malaysia. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair patients. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
Malaysia has a large pool of quality hospitals, such as:
These hospitals have state-of-the-art infrastructure and are well-equipped with advanced technologies. With a two-tier healthcare system in Malaysia, the hospitals are highly advanced because of extensive support from the Malaysian government through investment in medical infrastructure. The hospitals in Malaysia have shown tremendous improvements in the last ten years and are now on par with well-developed countries, having both well-trained staff and excellent hospital facilities.
The hospitals in Malaysia follow the healthcare standards set by Malaysian Society for Quality in Health (MSQH) and JCI. Around 12 hospitals in Malaysia have received JCI certification and all of them follow the global standards. MSQH, Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia and Malaysian Medical Association have come together to raise the standards of healthcare in Malaysia. There is a lengthy evaluation process for granting accreditation to a hospital in order to ensure international standards are met.
An emerging global giant in medical tourism, Malaysia has one of the most strong healthcare systems in the world supported by solid governmental participation in the market and public-private healthcare collaboration. Slowly overtaking many other countries as a medical tourism destination, Malaysia is offering affordable healthcare services with cutting-edge technology and skilled professionals. With world-class hospitals, Malaysia has made great achievements in the field of IVF and cardiology. Malaysia is also popular among medical tourists because of its food, cultural diversity, and heritage spots.
The doctors in Malaysia have deep expertise in their specialty area and most of them are trained internationally before they start work in their home country. Producing one of the finest doctors in the world, Malaysia has a strict evaluation system in place to ensure that the country has quality doctors with a high level of professionalism. Doctors in Malaysia have reported best results with many procedures, but their expertise in infertility treatments and cardiology has been globally recognized Malaysia offers all medical tourists the facility of applying for eVisa for traveling to the country for treatment and reside there for a period of 30 days.
Medical tourists can apply for eVisa for traveling to Malaysia to get medical treatment and reside there for a period of 30 days under the Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP). eVISA can be availed through online platforms and is valid for 3 months. Below things are required for obtaining an eVisa:
Maximum two persons can accompany the patient under separate Medical Attendant Visas and their visa validity will be the same as Medical Visa.
Some of the most popular treatments available in Malaysia include cosmetic surgery, dental work, vitiligo treatment, cancer care, discectomy, prostate surgery. Malaysia makes advances in effective cancer treatment using gene therapy, ensuring shorter treatment time, reduced treatment costs, and minimal adverse effects of current chemo-drugs. With a high success rate of 55 to 60, IVF in Malaysia is much affordable and performed using the latest technology. Malaysia has highly trained orthopedic doctors who have reported high success rates in procedures like shoulder replacement, knee replacement surgery, and hip replacement.
Some of the leading medical tourism destinations in Malaysia are:
With highly trained and qualified doctors and a large pool of multispecialty hospitals, Malaysia offers a great medical travel experience. Kuala Lumpur and Penang attract most of the medical tourists due to their excellent public transportation system, availability of cheap accommodation, and connectivity through airlines. These cities have become leading medical tourism destinations in Malaysia due to many other factors, such as a large pool of world-class hospitals, rich heritage, scenic value, availability of translators, and safety of tourists.
A medical tourist traveling to Malaysia needs to get below vaccines:
Pre-exposure vaccination against rabies is recommended before travel to Malaysia and children are at greater risk of rabies. Make sure you get vaccinated for Japanese encephalitis before you travel to Malaysia because this is a common disease there. International Certificate of Vaccination would be required if you are coming from a country with a high risk of Yellow Fever.
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