What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in India varies from one hospital to the other. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. There are many things that may increase the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in India, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 14 days in the country after discharge. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
India is considered to be one of the best places for Macular Degeneration Surgery in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Macular Degeneration Surgery as well:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
Apart from the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in India, including the following:
The average duration of stay at the hospital after Macular Degeneration Surgery is about 1 days for proper care and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
The average rating for Macular Degeneration Surgery hospitals in India is 3.9. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in India. The above listed clinics are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Macular Degeneration Surgery patients. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
There are two major healthcare accreditation standards followed by healthcare providers in India. National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers standards (NABH) is one of these. National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers is a much vied for accreditation standard by healthcare providers. Joint Commission International, a not for profit organization giving certification to numerous healthcare institutions in India and abroad is the other standard.
India has the best multispecialty hospitals that offer world-class medical treatment at an affordable cost. These hospitals can do all kinds of surgeries and they have several specialties. These wonderful hospitals incorporate even the general medical needs of patients. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in India:
A large number of medical tourists visit India every year due to low-cost treatment and modern infrastructure. The high end technologies that are at par with the western world and indian hospitals' overall health standards are equivalent to the western world. The doctors from India are highly professional, are providing treatment with precision and accuracy and skilled. India has several things going for it that ensures that it is the most favored destination for medical travelers such as ease of communication, ease of travel, alternative treatment availability and visa assistance.
Skill and application of that skill with precision ensures that Indian doctors are considered proficient in their work. Patients treated by doctors in India are a satisfied lot owing to the confidence the doctors have in dealing with newer healthcare challenges. They have also been educated at premier educational institutions around the world. You will feel right at home with the best of medical care that Indian doctors and surgeons can provide you with.
The decision to come to India is done in tandem with getting the documents ready. When traveling to India for your treatment, you need to carry travel documents, medical documents and get your finances ready. The documents needed for your medical treatment in India are as follows:
Let us look at the popular procedures that are being performed in India:
The positive evolution towards increasingly advanced techniques and technologies has lead to a steady upgradation in the popular procedures performed in India. The good quality of doctors who are providing treatment and performing surgeries at economical prices has led to the growth in procedures like heart surgeries, orthopaedic procedures, organ transplants and in treatment of cancer in India. A strength that aids the growth in the number of popular procedures available in India is the abundance of good hospitals and healthcare facilities.
Vaccinations and up-to-date immunizations are important for any international travel. It is essential for medical travellers coming to India as well to get protection from different diseases. Please remain updated with the travel advisory issued by the Government of India or remain in touch with the hospital in India to get complete information on vaccination guidelines. The vaccinations like hepatitis A, hepatitis B, Covid, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, DPT, measles, yellow fever have become essential before your India visit.
Indian hospitals are well equipped to give International patients the safety and comfort that they need during their India stay. In India, the hospitals have seamlessly functioning international patient care centers that provide all kinds of assistance to medical tourists. The needs and requirements of you or your family members are met by the hospitals which makes your stay comfortable. There are many facilities available at Indian hospitals such as room reservation, visa and embassy assistance, hotel services and apartment bookings, language interpretation services, tele-consults and pre departure evaluation.
Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Hyderabad are the leading medical tourism destinations in India. The excellent medical services on par with many developed countries make India a hub for medical tourism. Owing to the availability of exceptional medical facilities, the patient care and all round medical care at affordable prices have made India an attraction for tourists. Medical tourism destinations in India are growing fast and growing well, this is in no small measure to the promotion of the sector by the Government of India in collaboration with the private players.
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