What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
The Macular Degeneration Surgery package cost in Thailand varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. Some of the best hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in Thailand includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in Thailand.
After Macular Degeneration Surgery in Thailand, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 14 days. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
Thailand is one of the most popular countries for Macular Degeneration Surgery in the world. The country offers the best cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for Macular Degeneration Surgery include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
There are certain expenses additional to the Macular Degeneration Surgery cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in Thailand, including the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 1 days after Macular Degeneration Surgery for monitoring and care. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in Thailand. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Thailand
The strength of Thai healthcare organisations is that they are wealthy in terms of human resources, financial resources and technological resources. It is an amalgamation of Thai public and private healthcare systems Thai HA Accreditation is presented by The Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation (HQIA) in Thailand which promotes standard and quality of healthcare in Thailand. Not only these criteria but even the service delivery levels are maintained through the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation.
The Thai healthcare system is based on the personal touch they provide to their patients and the adherence to providing excellent clinical care. The several multispecialty hospitals in Thailand have made it ease for any medical tourist to make the best of choices available. The specialists in these hospitals are recognised globally as the best of treatment is provided by them. The famous multispecialty hospitals in Thailand are:
Thailand has long been synonymous as being a popular health tourism destination. Thailand hospitals have International patient services in their topmost multipsecialty hospitals which makes it easy for the medical travelers to travel to Thailand and get treated. All facilities such as embassy and airport transfer assistance, international insurance coordination, interpreters and medical coordinators and concierge services can be found at one place in Thai hospitals. All treatment options from plastic surgeries to tertiary care procedures are found in Thailand hospitals.
Thailand has always been considered to be a one of the top medical destinations in the world. Their doctors and surgeons are considered to be on par with the world's best medical specialists. Thai doctors are experienced and skilled in what they do. Thailand doctors and medical professionals are a notch above the rest as they follow innovative practices and are providing quality care. Doctors in Thailand have worked towards giving the gift of health to several international patients on a daily basis.
The decision to come to Thailand should be done in tandem with getting the documents ready. From getting your finances ready to arranging for travel documents and medical documents, you must do it all when coming to Thailand. Let us look at the documents you need to come to Thailand for your medical treatment.
Many reasons make Thailand an attractive medical tourism destination. It not only has tourist attractions but provides medical treatment at affordable costs. There are many popular procedures available in Thailand. Following is the list of some of the most popular procedures in Thailand:
Immunisations and vaccinations are an essential part of any international travel. Do get yourself the necessary protections before you land in Thailand as well. These vaccinations recommended by CDC and WHO are as follows. Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis), Chickenpox, Shingles, Pneumonia, Influenza, Rabies, Meningitis, Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, Cholera and Yellow Fever.
The medical and surgical equipment used in Thailand is upgraded regularly with the latest technological advancements. Your travel, transfer and accomodation needs are coordinated at the center for International patients at Thailand hospitals. Emergency services and integrated medical suppport services are available at Thailand hospitals. Radiology services, operating theaters, Intensive care units, cardiac care units, diagnostic laboratory and pharmacies are the different kinds of facilities being provided by Thailand hospitals.
The combination of its excellent existing healthcare infrastructure and the various tourist attractions make Thailand a viable medical tourism destination. The treatment costs in many countries are much higher than the overall cost of treatment and holiday in Thailand. There are several wonderful medical tourism destinations in Thailand which are a reflection of Thailand;s natural beauty, culture and excellence of healthcare facilities. The cities of Bangkok and Phuket are the best medical tourism destinations in Thailand.
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