What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
The cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Spain may differ from one medical facility to the other. Some of the best hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Spain includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in Spain.
Upon discharge from the hospital after Macular Degeneration Surgery in Spain, the patients are advised to stay for about 14 days for recovery. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
One of the topmost destinations for Macular Degeneration Surgery is Spain. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Macular Degeneration Surgery as well:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
Apart from the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Spain that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery include the following:
Patients can also avail to attend a video teleconsultation with the Macular Degeneration Surgery surgeon in Spain. the following are some of the top doctors offering Macular Degeneration Surgery in Spain:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Carles Barnes||USD 606||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Agustin Fernandez||USD 606||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Joan Casado||USD 606||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Jordi Farrando||USD 606||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Carlos Verges Roger||USD 606||Schedule Now|
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 1 days after Macular Degeneration Surgery for monitoring and care. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in Spain. The above listed clinics are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Macular Degeneration Surgery patients. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
The healthcare accredition standards followed in Spain have ensured that the quality of healthcare is maintained at every level of functioning. There are many healthcare parameters on which hospitals in Spain have proven their mettle time and time again. The two parameters of healthcare quality and patient safety are checked by Joint Commission International in hospitals throughout Spain. Joint Commission International evaluators who judge these hospitals on various parameters are thorough professionals and their results can be completely relied upon.
The multispecialty hospital groups in Spain are being relied upon by patients that come here from different nationalities and cultures. Multispecialty hospital groups in Spain cover a wide network of medical and surgical specialties where treatment is undertaken. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
Their is a good range of specialties covered by the multispecialty hospital groups in Spain that ensure that all your medical and surgical needs are taken care of.
The healthcare in Spain is at par with the best in the world and is continuously upgraded with the technologies of today. The other plus point of getting your medical treatment done in Spain is the competent and skilled doctors who can treat a number of conditions. If you are planning to get your treatment done in Spain you are at an advantage as their is universal cost coverage (except prescription drugs) or uni payer system. Their is symbiotic relationship of wonderful tourist towns and cities with exceptional healthcare facilities, making Spain a natural choice as a medical tourism destination.
The doctors in Spanish hospitals have a good grasp of their field as they have gained knowledge from some of the best educational institutions in the world. In Spain, the doctors have refined their medical and surgical skills with years of hands on experience. The doctors in Spain are adept at imbibing any new techniques and adapting to newer technologies. Language is also not a barrier as it is easy to find doctors in Spain who speak english.
When planning your medical travel to Spain please do create a checklist of the documents you need to carry. The documents that you carry must make the journey and treatment a seamless process during your medical tourism journey to Spain. The important travel documents are travel medical insurance, accomodation proof, civil status proof, financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs, employment documents (as per status) and passport, visa and roundtrip ticket. Other documents that are required are medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
A premier medical tourism destination, Spain is frequented by medical travelers all year round. It has a popular sports and physical fitness culture which naturally leads to the development of certain fields like sports medicine and orthopaedic procedures. With an advanced health ecosystem, all kinds of procedures are done in Spain but we are listing some of the focus areas here. Sports medicine related procedures, fertility treatments, plastic surgery, eye care, bariatric surgery, orthopaedic procedures and spine surgery.
The vaccinations before you head to Spain as a medical traveller are not just essential but mandatory as well. There are conditions such as Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), Polio and Chickenpox (Varicella) for which vaccinations are taken on a routine basis. A set of vaccinations are considered mandatory for a particular set of travellers only like for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Measles only. Please get vaccinated for Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies before traveling to Spain.
Hospitals in Spain provide facilities that make the treatment journey smooth for medical travellers everyday. In line with this endeavour, international patient services are available in major hospitals in Spain. As a medical traveller, one positive is the opportunity of availing private healthcare insurance in hospitals in Spain. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Among these destinations, Madrid healthcare is synonymous with reproductive health services and general healthcare and Barcelona is famous for child healthcare hospitals. Medical tourism is one of the key industries in Spain and there is an increased investment drive to further enhance the capabilities of this sector. Medical tourists are also coming to spain because of its outstanding healthcare infrastructure which is being updated regularly with the best of technologies.
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