What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Malaysia. Some of the best hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The Macular Degeneration Surgery procedure in Malaysia includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Malaysia.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery to international patients. Some of the best hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery in Malaysia include the following:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 14 days in the country after discharge. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
Malaysia is considered to be one of the best places for Macular Degeneration Surgery in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Macular Degeneration Surgery as well:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
There are certain expenses additional to the Macular Degeneration Surgery cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for Macular Degeneration Surgery in Malaysia:
The patient has to spend about 1 days in the hospital after Macular Degeneration Surgery for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in Malaysia. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Malaysia
Some of the most sought after medical specialists for Macular Degeneration Surgery in Malaysia are:
Malaysia has many reputed hospital groups, such as:
These hospitals have state-of-the-art infrastructure and are well-equipped with advanced technologies. The Malaysian healthcare system is advanced due to extensive support from the Malaysian government through investment in hospital’s medical infrastructure. The hospitals in Malaysia have shown tremendous improvements in the last ten years and are now on par with well-developed countries, having both well-trained staff and excellent hospital facilities.
What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in Malaysia? Around 12 hospitals in Malaysia have received JCI certification and all of them follow the global standards. MSQH, Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia and Malaysian Medical Association have come together to raise the standards of healthcare in Malaysia. A set of well-defined parameters are in place to gauge the performance of hospitals in Malaysia and several rounds of evaluation are involved in the accreditation process.
An emerging global giant in medical tourism, Malaysia has one of the most strong healthcare systems in the world supported by solid governmental participation in the market and public-private healthcare collaboration. The quality of healthcare in Malaysia is at par with most developed countries due to its cutting-edge technology, advanced infrastructure, and skilled medical professionals. Malaysia has achieved high success rates in fertility treatments and cardiology with world-class hospitals. Malaysia is also popular among medical tourists because of its food, cultural diversity, and heritage spots.
The high-quality doctors in Malaysia have global exposure which makes them efficient in treating various conditions. Malaysia produces one of the finest doctors in the world because it has a strict evaluation process for offering degrees to them, and also the doctors need to serve in the public sector for at least 3 years, making them attain a high level of professionalism. Doctors in Malaysia are exceptionally good at handling IVF and cardiology cases and they have delivered excellent results in these two areas using their holistic treatment approach. Medical tourists under Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP) are eligible for applying for eVISA for traveling to Malaysia and living in the country for a period of 30 days.
Medical tourists under Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP) are eligible for applying for eVISA for traveling to Malaysia and living in the country for a period of 30 days. eVISA can be availed through online platforms and is valid for 3 months. A candidate would require below things to apply for an eVisa.
Two attendants can accompany the patient to Malaysia under Medical Attendant Visa.
The popular procedures available in Malaysia are cosmetic surgery, vitiligo treatment, cancer care, dental work, discectomy, prostate surgery. Malaysia has effectively treated a large number of cancer patients through gene therapy which brings several benefits like reduced treatment costs, shorter treatment time, and minimal adverse effects of current chemo-drugs. Hospitals and clinics in Malaysia are equipped with the latest technology to perform Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), which has a marvelous success rate of 55 to 60. Malaysia has also reported great achievements in orthopedic surgeries and some of the popular procedures include hip replacement, shoulder replacement, knee replacement surgery.
Malaysia has some top cities having world-class hospitals, such as:
With highly trained and qualified doctors and a large pool of multispecialty hospitals, Malaysia offers a great medical travel experience. A large number of medical tourists visit Kuala Lumpur and Penang every year because of several reasons like the availability of reasonably-priced hotel rooms, better transportation systems, and connectivity through airlines. A large number of hospitals, scenic value, rich culture, availability of translators, and safety of tourists also contribute to the popularity of these cities in medical tourism.
A medical tourist traveling to Malaysia needs to get below vaccines:
Pre-exposure vaccination against rabies is recommended before travel to Malaysia and children are at greater risk of rabies. It is always suggested that a person traveling to Malaysia get Japanese encephalitis vaccination. Travellers arriving from countries with a risk of Yellow Fever may need an International Certificate of Vaccination.
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