What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
The average cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom starts from USD 1100 Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom is available across many hospitals in different states.
Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in the United Kingdom varies from one hospital to the other. The Macular Degeneration Surgery package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. The Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in the United Kingdom includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in the United Kingdom.
There are many hospitals that perform Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom. The top hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom include the following:
Upon discharge from the hospital after Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom, the patients are advised to stay for about 14 days for recovery. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
the United Kingdom is one of the most popular countries for Macular Degeneration Surgery in the world. The country offers the best cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Macular Degeneration Surgery include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
Apart from the Macular Degeneration Surgery cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom, including the following:
The patient has to spend about 1 days in the hospital after Macular Degeneration Surgery for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in the United Kingdom. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in United Kingdom
In the United Kingdom, the healthcare systems follow standards set by QHA Trent and United Kingdom Accreditation Forum. QHA Trent has been established to focus on improving the quality of the healthcare industry and reducing all kinds of risks for patients, healthcare providers, and the general public. Service providers and service users have a mechanism to support quality improvement by integrating different accreditation programs with regulatory bodies and other improvement processes. The healthcare facilities are assessed on a set of well-defined stringent parameters like administrative management and quality of patient care, and performance management.
The United Kingdom is considered one of the leading destinations in the world for seeking treatment due to its modern infrastructure and major medical advancements. In the last few years, the country has seen tremendous growth in the medical tourism industry, mostly due to more investment in technology and communication and transport. Some of the important factors that make the United Kingdom’s healthcare system unique include rapid response multi-disciplinary review teams (MDT), appointments and same-day diagnosis, and emerging treatments. The country has internationally acclaimed institutions such as BUPA Cromwell, and Great Ormond Street, and The London Bridge Hospital. These healthcare centers are backed by world-class doctors and facilities.
The United Kingdom has world-class doctors who undergo mandatory professional training to gain deep expertise in their specialty area. The quality of doctors is on par with international standards as the majority of them have been educated at premier universities. There are many skilled surgeons who have the capability to handle even the most complicated cases with great ease, particularly those associated with knee replacement, gallbladder removal, and hip replacement. Though the country has good doctors in almost all specialty areas, gynecologists, orthopedic doctors, cardiologists, and neurologists have received global recognition for their effective treatment using a holistic approach.
You can visit the United Kingdom without a visa or by applying for a visa waiver depending on the country you are from. If you come from Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates, you can apply for a visa waiver. The documents required for applying for a medical visa include:
If you need further treatment, you can extend your visa by 6 months.
United Kingdom is a leading therapeutic center with many premium hospital groups as listed below:
Equipped with modern infrastructure and highly trained and qualified doctors, the hospitals provide the best environment for treatment, ensuring complete patient satisfaction. Some other reasons for the popularity of these hospitals are the efficiency of the nurses, doctors, and other healthcare staff, the food options, the safety aspects, the quality control, patient care, low mortality rate. There are a few rankings systems that you can check to find the best hospitals in the United Kingdom. The top-ranked hospital Royal Berkshire NHS Hospital is at the 67th position in the world. The inspection ratings is also given by the Care Quality Commission (CQC).
The United Kingdom has received worldwide recognition for its excellence in procedures like:
Breast augmentation and breast reductions are the top two surgical procedures in the country according to the BAAPS audit results. The United Kingdom is profiled as a country with first-class cancer care due to the latest advancement in medical technology. Hip replacement surgery is also becoming popular in the United Kingdom. According to a report, about 50,000 people seek a hip replacement in the country every year.
The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in the United Kingdom are:
Edgbaston Medical Quarter in Birmingham offers some of the best places for treatment, particularly in trauma, oncology, diabetes, and fertility and has become the most visited place for medical tourists to seek treatment. Birmingham is another leading medical tourist destination with top hospitals, world-class doctors, better connectivity, and excellent infrastructure. London is the epicenter of medical tourism which attracts people from different parts of the world. It is the largest city in the United Kingdom, which is populated with quality hospitals like Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, St Mary’s Hospital, and The Royal London Hospital.
Yes, vaccines are recommended or required for the United Kingdom. The CDC and WHO recommend the below vaccines for the country:
It takes some time to develop immunity after vaccination, so it is important to get vaccinated at least 8 weeks prior to the travel date. You are allowed to travel without getting vaccinated if you are suffering from some illness that restricts vaccination. You should keep yourself updated with a travel advisory issued by the government for complete information on vaccination.
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