Ovarian cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the ovaries, which are an important part of the female reproductive system. Ovaries are two small glands, located on either side of the uterus. They help produce female sex hormones and store or release eggs. An ovarian tumor is it is the eighth most common type of cancer among women. It is the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths in women around the world. Ovarian cancer can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated on time, however, the chances of survival are great in the case of early diagnosis.
Ovarian cancer forms when normal ovarian cell growth fails, and there is an uncontrolled growth of cells. Most of the ovarian cancers arise from the lining cells (epithelium) of the ovary. The ovarian tumor can metastasize and spread to other organs of the body.
There is no identified and known cause of ovarian cancer. However, there are some risk factors associated with the disease. Family history (genetics) of ovarian cancer, older age, breast cancer, obesity, and endometriosis are some of the known ovarian cancer risk factors. Other than these, menstrual cycles play a major role in ovarian cancer. The high number of total lifetime ovulations, greater the risk of ovarian cancer. That is, women who have had their periods before the age of 12 are at an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
The risk of ovarian cancer is also high in women suffering from familial melanoma, which is characterized by the presence of certain genes. These genes are inherited from parents and mostly occurs when two or more relatives suffer from the aggressive form of melanoma or skin cancer.
Typically, the symptoms of ovarian cancer are subtle during the early stage. However, the patients may experience signs of ovarian cancer once the cancer advances and starts to grow. The following are some of the ovarian cancer symptoms:
Pain in the pelvis or belly
Frequent and urgent urination
Changes in bowel habits
Nausea and fatigue
Loss of appetite
These signs of ovarian cancer can be confused with those of ovarian cyst. However, patients must know that ovarian cysts are far more common and primarily affects women during their childbearing age.
Depending on the type, stage, grade of ovarian cancer and general health of the patient, the oncologist will devise the best treatment plan for the patient. However, a patient’s expectations and desires play a major role in selecting the treatment plan. For example, some patients may desire childbirth in the future, while others could be okay with having their uterus. the Fallopian tubes and ovaries removed.
The following are some of the ovarian cancer treatment strategies:
Surgery is often the first and the best treatment for ovarian cancer. Surgical removal of the cancer is done in a vast majority of ovarian cancer patients. The type of surgery opted for depends upon how widespread the cancer is when it is diagnosed.
There are different surgical procedures to get rid of ovarian cancer, such as unilateral oophorectomy (removal of one ovary) or bilateral oophorectomy (removal of both ovaries), salpingectomy (removal of Fallopian tubes), hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), and omentectomy (removal of momentum).
Typically, the organ in question is fully removed in all these procedures. In some of the advanced cancers, complete removal of the cancer cells is not possible. In such cases, the possible amount of tumor is removed in a procedure called debulking surgery.
Such patients require an extensive operation performed by the surgeon, who is a specialized gynecologic oncology surgeon. Therefore, ovarian cancer surgery requires a prolonged stay in the hospital, which lasts for at least three to seven days, plus a recovery period of at least four to six weeks.
Chemotherapy drugs interfere with cell division process and damages the DNA of the cancer cells to reduce their number and stop them from growing any further. Patients will often benefit greatly from its use in the case of ovarian cancer because ovarian cancer patients are able to tolerate it better because of fewer chemotherapy side effects.
In case of ovarian cancer treatment, chemotherapy drugs can be given into the vein intravenously (IV) or placed directly into the abdomen (IP).
In some cases, chemotherapy may be performed first, followed by a surgery. This is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Common chemotherapy drugs used to treat ovarian cancer include paclitaxel, cisplatin, topotecan, doxorubicin, epirubicin, and gemcitabine.
Drugs used in chemotherapy travel throughout the body and can also kill a few normal cells in the body, leading to unpleasant side effects. So, chemotherapy should be followed only if the patient can cope with it. Chemotherapy can cause anemia and leucopenia, besides vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, and fatigue.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or proton beams to destroy the tumors of ovarian cancer. This can be given as palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy. However, radiation therapy alone does not improve survival rate in people with well-differentiated cancers. Common side effects of radiotherapy treatment are diarrhea, constipation, and frequent urination.
Although estrogen alone does not have any effect on cancer, cutting off a supply of estrogen slows the growth of cancer cells. Hormone therapy can prevent estrogen from reaching the cancer cells, thus suppressing the growth of cancer.
Newer medications are being developed that can target cancer cells directly, but till now this treatment only helps reduce damage to the normal cells and subsidize the side effects of chemotherapy.
Recovery after ovarian cancer treatment can be physically and emotionally painful. This is especially true of the patients had her ovaries and uterus removed completely. There may be certain side effects arising out of sudden menopause and women may face difficulty in adjusting to the life after ovarian cancer treatment.
For women who have had a surgery as a part of the treatment plan, driving after a month of the surgery should not be a problem. However, the best is to seek advice from your doctor at every step and before taking any new step.
Some women may face difficulty concentrating on day-to-day chores after the treatment. Several cycles of chemotherapy and radiotherapy may further slow down recovery. It is important to take plenty of fluids to recover from treatment and minimize the side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It is equally important to maintain a proper diet during the recovery period.
While depending upon a range of factors, the minimum cost for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain is USD 13500. There many JCI, OHSAS certified hospitals in Spain that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment
Ovarian Cancer Treatment cost in Spain varies from one hospital to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The Ovarian Cancer Treatment cost in Spain includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Ovarian Cancer Treatment cost in Spain.
There are many hospitals that perform Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain. The top hospitals for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain include the following:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 21 days after discharge. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Spain is one of the most popular countries for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in the world. The country offers the best cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Ovarian Cancer Treatment as well:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 22800|
|South Africa||USD 22800|
|South Korea||USD 22800|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10000|
|United Kingdom||USD 22800|
Apart from the cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day extra expenses in Spain per person are about USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain, including the following:
Patients can also avail to attend a video teleconsultation with the Ovarian Cancer Treatment surgeon in Spain. the following are some of the top doctors offering Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Juan Carles||USD 758||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Raimon Mirabell||USD 758||Schedule Now|
After Ovarian Cancer Treatment, the patient is supposed to stay for about 5 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 7 hospitals that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Spain. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Ovarian Cancer Treatment patients. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
In Spain, accredition standards are recognised for maintaining quality control over the many healthcare organisations. The hospitals and healthcare centers in Spain are recognised to be of high quality on various parameters. The international accrediting agency known as JCI accredits hospitals in Spain on patient safety and healthcare quality. The evaluators from the accrediting body in Spain are experienced and skilled healthcare professionals and their evaluation is trustworthy.
The multispecialty hospital groups in Spain are being relied upon by patients that come here from different nationalities and cultures. A large of number of specialties are covered under the term multispecialty when it comes to hospitals in Spain. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
The multispecialty hospitals in Spain have a wide coverage of treatments possible making it easier for any patient to get multiple issues covered at any one hospital itself.
Spain has absolutely exceptional health infrastructure which is upgraded with the latest technologies. The doctors in Spain are skilled and competent and are adept at treating any ailment or injury which you maybe suffering from. The hospitals in Spain are providing quality medical care under a uni payer healthcare system or universal coverage (excluding prescription drugs). The world class medical facilities are combined with a great tourism potential in cities and towns of Spain and this is why you should opt for healthcare in Spain.Their is symbiotic relationship of wonderful tourist towns and cities with exceptional healthcare facilities, making Spain a natural choice as a medical tourism destination.
The doctors in Spain have been educated at the best educational institutions in the world. The practical experience of the doctors in Spain has ensured that their medical and surgical skills are refined. The doctors in Spain have a zest for learning and application of new medical and surgical techniques as well as technologies.Whether it is learning new techniques or practical application of the new technologies, the doctors in Spain are adept at it all. It should be easy for you to get treated in Spain as the language barrier does not exist, you can converse with your doctor easily in english.
As you decide to travel to Spain, start by creating an essential document checklist. The medical and travel documents must aid your treatment and journey to Spain as easy and effortless. Travel documents that are essential are financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs, employment documents (as per status) and passport, visa, roundtrip ticket, travel medical insurance, accomodation proof and civil status proof. Other documents that are required are medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
A premier medical tourism destination, Spain is frequented by medical travelers all year round. The sporting culture in Spain makes sports medicine and orthopaedics a natural fit as both medical and surgical specialties in Spain. With an advanced health ecosystem, all kinds of procedures are done in Spain but we are listing some of the focus areas here. Orthopaedic procedures, spine surgery, sports medicine related procedures, fertility treatments, plastic surgery, dentistry, eye care and bariatric surgery.
It is not just that it helps if you get yourself vaccinated before going to Spain but it is considered mandatory to do so. Some health conditions mandate taking vaccinations on a regular basis such as Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), Polio and Chickenpox (Varicella). A set of vaccinations are considered mandatory for a particular set of travellers only like for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Measles only. Before going to Spain, there are other conditions whose vaccinations you need to take such as for Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies.
In Spain, hospitals provide additional facilities that make the treatment procedures seamless for travellers. In line with this endeavour, international patient services are available in major hospitals in Spain. You can avail private health insurance in hospitals in Spain which will make it easier for someone who is visiting Spain as a medical tourist. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Barcelona is well known for its advanced child healthcare hospitals and Madrid has highly developed general services and reproductive health services. Medical tourism is one of the key industries in Spain and there is an increased investment drive to further enhance the capabilities of this sector. Health Infrastructure is a major draw for medical tourists coming to Spain and their is a constant effort to bring in the latest technologies to upgrade it.
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