When cells in the ovary start to multiply abnormally or get out of control and they form a tumor, then it is called ovarian cancer.
It usually remains unidentified until it spreads in the pelvis and stomach area. At this stage, ovarian cancer treatment is very challenging and can be a danger. This can spread to the pelvis, abdomen and even or other parts of the body if it is left untreated.
There are rarely any signs in the early phase of this cancer, but when it reaches the advanced stage, there may be some nonspecific symptoms.
Some of the symptoms that can help women realize if they have ovarian cancer or not are weight loss, abdominal bloating, discomfort in the pelvic area, constipation, urge to urinate too often.
If you feel or notice any of the above symptoms you must visit your doctor for a complete check-up because only 20% of the time ovarian cancer gets detected in the early stage.
The initial treatment of ovarian cancer is surgery. But it only occurs if the patient is medically fit. Other patients are being suggested treatments like chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery. The factors that affect ovarian cancer treatment cost majorly are:
The surgery largely aims to confirm the diagnosis to predict the criticality of the disease and prevent all visible tumors.
Ovarian cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the ovaries, which are an important part of the female reproductive system. Ovaries are two small glands, located on either side of the uterus. They help produce female sex hormones and store or release eggs. An ovarian tumor is it is the eighth most common type of cancer among women. It is the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths in women around the world. Ovarian cancer can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated on time, however, the chances of survival are great in the case of early diagnosis.
Ovarian cancer forms when normal ovarian cell growth fails, and there is an uncontrolled growth of cells. Most of the ovarian cancers arise from the lining cells (epithelium) of the ovary. The ovarian tumor can metastasize and spread to other organs of the body.
There is no identified and known cause of ovarian cancer. However, there are some risk factors associated with the disease. Family history (genetics) of ovarian cancer, older age, breast cancer, obesity, and endometriosis are some of the known ovarian cancer risk factors. Other than these, menstrual cycles play a major role in ovarian cancer. The high number of total lifetime ovulations, greater the risk of ovarian cancer. That is, women who have had their periods before the age of 12 are at an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
The risk of ovarian cancer is also high in women suffering from familial melanoma, which is characterized by the presence of certain genes. These genes are inherited from parents and mostly occurs when two or more relatives suffer from the aggressive form of melanoma or skin cancer.
Typically, the symptoms of ovarian cancer are subtle during the early stage. However, the patients may experience signs of ovarian cancer once the cancer advances and starts to grow. The following are some of the ovarian cancer symptoms:
Pain in the pelvis or belly
Frequent and urgent urination
Changes in bowel habits
Nausea and fatigue
Loss of appetite
These signs of ovarian cancer can be confused with those of ovarian cyst. However, patients must know that ovarian cysts are far more common and primarily affects women during their childbearing age.
Depending on the type, stage, grade of ovarian cancer and general health of the patient, the oncologist will devise the best treatment plan for the patient. However, a patient’s expectations and desires play a major role in selecting the treatment plan. For example, some patients may desire childbirth in the future, while others could be okay with having their uterus. the Fallopian tubes and ovaries removed.
The following are some of the ovarian cancer treatment strategies:
Surgery is often the first and the best treatment for ovarian cancer. Surgical removal of the cancer is done in a vast majority of ovarian cancer patients. The type of surgery opted for depends upon how widespread the cancer is when it is diagnosed.
There are different surgical procedures to get rid of ovarian cancer, such as unilateral oophorectomy (removal of one ovary) or bilateral oophorectomy (removal of both ovaries), salpingectomy (removal of Fallopian tubes), hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), and omentectomy (removal of momentum).
Typically, the organ in question is fully removed in all these procedures. In some of the advanced cancers, complete removal of the cancer cells is not possible. In such cases, the possible amount of tumor is removed in a procedure called debulking surgery.
Such patients require an extensive operation performed by the surgeon, who is a specialized gynecologic oncology surgeon. Therefore, ovarian cancer surgery requires a prolonged stay in the hospital, which lasts for at least three to seven days, plus a recovery period of at least four to six weeks.
Chemotherapy drugs interfere with cell division process and damages the DNA of the cancer cells to reduce their number and stop them from growing any further. Patients will often benefit greatly from its use in the case of ovarian cancer because ovarian cancer patients are able to tolerate it better because of fewer chemotherapy side effects.
In case of ovarian cancer treatment, chemotherapy drugs can be given into the vein intravenously (IV) or placed directly into the abdomen (IP).
In some cases, chemotherapy may be performed first, followed by a surgery. This is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Common chemotherapy drugs used to treat ovarian cancer include paclitaxel, cisplatin, topotecan, doxorubicin, epirubicin, and gemcitabine.
Drugs used in chemotherapy travel throughout the body and can also kill a few normal cells in the body, leading to unpleasant side effects. So, chemotherapy should be followed only if the patient can cope with it. Chemotherapy can cause anemia and leucopenia, besides vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, and fatigue.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or proton beams to destroy the tumors of ovarian cancer. This can be given as palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy. However, radiation therapy alone does not improve survival rate in people with well-differentiated cancers. Common side effects of radiotherapy treatment are diarrhea, constipation, and frequent urination.
Although estrogen alone does not have any effect on cancer, cutting off a supply of estrogen slows the growth of cancer cells. Hormone therapy can prevent estrogen from reaching the cancer cells, thus suppressing the growth of cancer.
Newer medications are being developed that can target cancer cells directly, but till now this treatment only helps reduce damage to the normal cells and subsidize the side effects of chemotherapy.
Recovery after ovarian cancer treatment can be physically and emotionally painful. This is especially true of the patients had her ovaries and uterus removed completely. There may be certain side effects arising out of sudden menopause and women may face difficulty in adjusting to the life after ovarian cancer treatment.
For women who have had a surgery as a part of the treatment plan, driving after a month of the surgery should not be a problem. However, the best is to seek advice from your doctor at every step and before taking any new step.
Some women may face difficulty concentrating on day-to-day chores after the treatment. Several cycles of chemotherapy and radiotherapy may further slow down recovery. It is important to take plenty of fluids to recover from treatment and minimize the side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It is equally important to maintain a proper diet during the recovery period.
The average cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand starts from USD 9500 Many multispeciality hospitals in Thailand that are Healthcare Accreditation Institute, JCI certified are approved and most sought after for treating international patients with Ovarian Cancer Treatment
The cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand may differ from one medical facility to the other. Some of the best hospitals for Ovarian Cancer Treatment offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The comprehensive Ovarian Cancer Treatment package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand.
Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand is offered by multiple hospitals across the country. Some of the most renowned hospitals for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand include the following:
After Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 21 days. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
While Thailand is considered to be one of the best destinations for Ovarian Cancer Treatment owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Ovarian Cancer Treatment as well:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 22800|
|South Africa||USD 22800|
|South Korea||USD 22800|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10000|
|United Kingdom||USD 22800|
Apart from the Ovarian Cancer Treatment cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
There are several doctors who are available for telemedicine consultation for patients requiring Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand. The following are some of the best doctors for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand who are available for video consultation:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Saipin Tangkaratt||USD 130||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Suchart Chaimuangraj||USD 81||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Voratape Kijtavee||USD 81||Schedule Now|
After Ovarian Cancer Treatment, the patient is supposed to stay for about 5 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 4 hospitals that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Thailand. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Ovarian Cancer Treatment patients. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Ovarian Cancer Treatment patients.
The strength of Thai healthcare organisations is that they are wealthy in terms of human resources, financial resources and technological resources. Thailand has a combination of a strong public healthcare system and private healthcare system which work together make a solid foundation. Thai HA Accreditation is presented by The Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation (HQIA) in Thailand which promotes standard and quality of healthcare in Thailand. Not only these criteria but even the service delivery levels are maintained through the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation.
The clinical care and hospitality in Thailand hospitals is of very high standards. Multispecialty hospitals translates into the option of having several medical and surgical specialties under one roof which gives a lot of choice to medical travelers. It is the presence of world renownded specialist doctors in the Thailand multispecialty hospitals which adds to the value these healthcare organisations bring to patients. The famous multispecialty hospitals in Thailand are:
Thailand draws a number of international medical travellers to its shores and this makes it an important health tourism destination. Thailand hospitals have International patient services in their topmost multipsecialty hospitals which makes it easy for the medical travelers to travel to Thailand and get treated. All facilities such as embassy and airport transfer assistance, international insurance coordination, interpreters and medical coordinators and concierge services can be found at one place in Thai hospitals. Thai healthcare systems are known to give the entire specturm of treatment options, be it aesthetic procedures or tertiary care processes.
Thailand has always been considered to be a one of the top medical destinations in the world. Their doctors and surgeons are considered to be on par with the world's best medical specialists. The skills and experience of Thai doctors have long been equated with excellence. Thailand doctors and medical professionals are a notch above the rest as they follow innovative practices and are providing quality care. The experience of Thai doctors with innumerable international patients have refined their craft.
The decision to come to Thailand should be done in tandem with getting the documents ready. Travel documents, medical documents and ready finances are needed for your Thailand visit Let us look at the documents you need to come to Thailand for your medical treatment.
Thailand is an attractive medical tourism destination. Numerous tourist attractions, best medical treatment at economical prices make Thailand a complete package. There are many popular procedures available in Thailand. Following is the list of some of the most popular procedures in Thailand:
Immunisations and vaccinations are an essential part of any international travel. You must protect yourself from any disease you may contract before you board the flight to Thailand. Let us look at the vaccinations recommended by CDC and WHO that you need to get. Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis), Chickenpox, Shingles, Pneumonia, Influenza, Rabies, Meningitis, Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid and Cholera.
The latest technological advancements ensure that Thailand hospitals are able to achieve success in different kinds of procedures. There is a center for international patients in the hospitals in Thailand which caters to all the travel, transfer and accomodation needs of patients and their co travellers. Integrated medical support services and emergency services add value to the existing facilities that hospitals provide in Thailand. There are a variety of medical facilities available in Thailand hospitals such as radiology services, operating theaters, Intensive care units, cardiac care units, diagnostic laboratory and pharmacies.
The tourist attractions in Thailand when seen in conjunction with the medical facilities ensure Thailand is seen as an important medical tourism destination. Thailand is a bargain as a medical tourist destination and this reflects in the fact that the cost of your travel plus treatment in Thailand is still lower than what you will spend to get treatment done in many other countries. Healthcare facilities in addition to a strong cultural identity , natural beauty and rich history ensure Thailand has a strong medical tourism potential. The cities of Bangkok and Phuket are the best medical tourism destinations in Thailand.
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