Ovarian cancer is cancer that develops in a part of the female reproductive system, called ovaries. Present in the pelvis on either side of the uterus, this part of the reproductive system is responsible for the production of female hormones progesterone and estrogen and releasing eggs into the fallopian tube. This almond-sized organ is subject to epithelial ovarian cancer, which is the most common type of cancer that occurs in the human body, it is further categorized into 6 subtypes. Women who had never bear a child are at a greater risk of this type of cancer.
Treatment of ovarian cancer in India is done by several treatment methods, which depend upon the stage and severity of cancer. It also takes into account the patient's current health and her future in context to her reproductive capability and sexual functions. For most of the part, surgery is the route taken to treat cancer after the diagnosis. If cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the surgeon tries to remove as many cancer tissues through surgery as possible and treat the remaining cells with radiation and chemotherapy.
India turns out to be the most preferred ovarian cancer treatment destination due to its significantly low cost of treatment in comparison to western countries like the USA and UK. It is not just the low cost but the quality healthcare that is provided by Indian healthcare companies. The average cost of total ovarian cancer surgery in India costs $3700 which is significantly lower than the $16000 in the UK and $20000 in the USA.
Ovarian cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the ovaries, which are an important part of the female reproductive system. Ovaries are two small glands, located on either side of the uterus. They help produce female sex hormones and store or release eggs. An ovarian tumor is it is the eighth most common type of cancer among women. It is the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths in women around the world. Ovarian cancer can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated on time, however, the chances of survival are great in the case of early diagnosis.
Ovarian cancer forms when normal ovarian cell growth fails, and there is an uncontrolled growth of cells. Most of the ovarian cancers arise from the lining cells (epithelium) of the ovary. The ovarian tumor can metastasize and spread to other organs of the body.
There is no identified and known cause of ovarian cancer. However, there are some risk factors associated with the disease. Family history (genetics) of ovarian cancer, older age, breast cancer, obesity, and endometriosis are some of the known ovarian cancer risk factors. Other than these, menstrual cycles play a major role in ovarian cancer. The high number of total lifetime ovulations, greater the risk of ovarian cancer. That is, women who have had their periods before the age of 12 are at an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
The risk of ovarian cancer is also high in women suffering from familial melanoma, which is characterized by the presence of certain genes. These genes are inherited from parents and mostly occurs when two or more relatives suffer from the aggressive form of melanoma or skin cancer.
Typically, the symptoms of ovarian cancer are subtle during the early stage. However, the patients may experience signs of ovarian cancer once the cancer advances and starts to grow. The following are some of the ovarian cancer symptoms:
Pain in the pelvis or belly
Frequent and urgent urination
Changes in bowel habits
Nausea and fatigue
Loss of appetite
These signs of ovarian cancer can be confused with those of ovarian cyst. However, patients must know that ovarian cysts are far more common and primarily affects women during their childbearing age.
Depending on the type, stage, grade of ovarian cancer and general health of the patient, the oncologist will devise the best treatment plan for the patient. However, a patient’s expectations and desires play a major role in selecting the treatment plan. For example, some patients may desire childbirth in the future, while others could be okay with having their uterus. the Fallopian tubes and ovaries removed.
The following are some of the ovarian cancer treatment strategies:
Surgery is often the first and the best treatment for ovarian cancer. Surgical removal of the cancer is done in a vast majority of ovarian cancer patients. The type of surgery opted for depends upon how widespread the cancer is when it is diagnosed.
There are different surgical procedures to get rid of ovarian cancer, such as unilateral oophorectomy (removal of one ovary) or bilateral oophorectomy (removal of both ovaries), salpingectomy (removal of Fallopian tubes), hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), and omentectomy (removal of momentum).
Typically, the organ in question is fully removed in all these procedures. In some of the advanced cancers, complete removal of the cancer cells is not possible. In such cases, the possible amount of tumor is removed in a procedure called debulking surgery.
Such patients require an extensive operation performed by the surgeon, who is a specialized gynecologic oncology surgeon. Therefore, ovarian cancer surgery requires a prolonged stay in the hospital, which lasts for at least three to seven days, plus a recovery period of at least four to six weeks.
Chemotherapy drugs interfere with cell division process and damages the DNA of the cancer cells to reduce their number and stop them from growing any further. Patients will often benefit greatly from its use in the case of ovarian cancer because ovarian cancer patients are able to tolerate it better because of fewer chemotherapy side effects.
In case of ovarian cancer treatment, chemotherapy drugs can be given into the vein intravenously (IV) or placed directly into the abdomen (IP).
In some cases, chemotherapy may be performed first, followed by a surgery. This is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Common chemotherapy drugs used to treat ovarian cancer include paclitaxel, cisplatin, topotecan, doxorubicin, epirubicin, and gemcitabine.
Drugs used in chemotherapy travel throughout the body and can also kill a few normal cells in the body, leading to unpleasant side effects. So, chemotherapy should be followed only if the patient can cope with it. Chemotherapy can cause anemia and leucopenia, besides vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, and fatigue.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or proton beams to destroy the tumors of ovarian cancer. This can be given as palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy. However, radiation therapy alone does not improve survival rate in people with well-differentiated cancers. Common side effects of radiotherapy treatment are diarrhea, constipation, and frequent urination.
Although estrogen alone does not have any effect on cancer, cutting off a supply of estrogen slows the growth of cancer cells. Hormone therapy can prevent estrogen from reaching the cancer cells, thus suppressing the growth of cancer.
Newer medications are being developed that can target cancer cells directly, but till now this treatment only helps reduce damage to the normal cells and subsidize the side effects of chemotherapy.
Recovery after ovarian cancer treatment can be physically and emotionally painful. This is especially true of the patients had her ovaries and uterus removed completely. There may be certain side effects arising out of sudden menopause and women may face difficulty in adjusting to the life after ovarian cancer treatment.
For women who have had a surgery as a part of the treatment plan, driving after a month of the surgery should not be a problem. However, the best is to seek advice from your doctor at every step and before taking any new step.
Some women may face difficulty concentrating on day-to-day chores after the treatment. Several cycles of chemotherapy and radiotherapy may further slow down recovery. It is important to take plenty of fluids to recover from treatment and minimize the side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It is equally important to maintain a proper diet during the recovery period.
In India, the average starting cost for Ovarian Cancer Treatment is USD 5500. NABH, JCI are just some of the accreditations which top hospitals in India hold where a Ovarian Cancer Treatment is conducted.
The Ovarian Cancer Treatment package cost in India varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The Ovarian Cancer Treatment cost in India includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment to international patients. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 21 days in the country after discharge. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
India is one of the most popular countries for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in the world. The country offers the best cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Ovarian Cancer Treatment as well:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 22800|
|South Africa||USD 22800|
|South Korea||USD 22800|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10000|
|United Kingdom||USD 22800|
Apart from the cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day extra expenses in India per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in India that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment include the following:
Patients who are interested in availing telemedicine consultation before they travel for Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India can opt for the same. There are many Ovarian Cancer Treatment surgeons who offer video telemedicine consultation, including the following:
|Doctor||Cost||Schedule Your Appointment|
|Dr. Shivam Vatsal Agarwal||USD 14||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Dinesh Chandra Katiyar||USD 35||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Sunil Kumar Gupta||USD 35||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Dinesh Pendharkar||USD 14||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Sumant Gupta||USD 14||Schedule Now|
|Dr. Gurdeep Singh Sethi||USD 44||Schedule Now|
The patient has to spend about 5 days in the hospital after Ovarian Cancer Treatment for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
The average rating for Ovarian Cancer Treatment hospitals in India is 3.9. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 59 hospitals that offer Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India. These hospitals have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to Ovarian Cancer Treatment Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Ovarian Cancer Treatment patients.
India has two accreditation standards for its healthcare organisations. The first one is National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers has been recognised as one of these standards. Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH). NABH is the best benchmark for the quality of hospitals in India. The second accreditation is Joint Commission International whose quality benchmark is sought after by so many different healthcare providers.
The best multispecialty hospitals offering world-class medical treatment at affordable cost are in India. These hospitals can do all kinds of surgeries and they have several specialties. The hospitals are providing the general medical needs with the specialties. The hospitals that are providing the best treatment in India are:
India is gaining global attention for medical tourism due to affordable treatment costs and world-class infrastructure. Indian healthcare infrastructure is equivalent to international health standards and equate to high end technologies at par with the western world. India has a large pool of highly professional, competent, and qualified doctors who are known for providing treatment with high precision and accuracy. Some of the other important factors that contribute to making India one of the most favored destinations for medical tourism are ease of travel, ease of communication, availability of alternative treatment, and visa assistance.
Skill and application of that skill with precision ensures that Indian doctors are considered proficient in their work. Patients treated by doctors in India are a satisfied lot owing to the confidence the doctors have in dealing with newer healthcare challenges. They have also been educated at premier educational institutions around the world. You will feel right at home with the best of medical care that Indian doctors and surgeons can provide you with.
As a medical traveler, you begin your travel journey with packing. From getting your finances ready to arranging for travel documents and medical documents, you must do it all when coming to India. Let us look at the documents you need to come to India for your medical treatment:
Let us look at the popular procedures that are being performed in India:
The positive evolution towards increasingly advanced techniques and technologies has lead to a steady upgradation in the popular procedures performed in India. Procedures like heart surgeries, orthopaedic procedures, organ transplants and cancer treatment are extremely popular because the good quality of doctors who perform these operations and provide treatments at reasonable costs. A strength that aids the growth in the number of popular procedures available in India is the abundance of good hospitals and healthcare facilities.
Any international travel requires vaccinations and up-to-date immunizations. The medical tourists with India as their destination are also required to get it done. The travel advisory issued by the Indian government or the hospital is the right source for complete information on vaccination guidelines. Rabies, DPT, Measles, Yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Typhoid fever, Covid, Hepatitis A & B are all recommended vaccinations that you need to take before coming to India.
The comfort and safety provided by Indian hospitals is unmatched among all medical tourism destinations. There are international patient care centers available in hospitals in India which aid and assist all international medical tourists. Your needs and requirements as a medical traveller in India are met by the hospitals by going the extra mile. The facilities like room reservation, visa and embassy assistance, hotel services and apartment bookings, language interpretation services, tele-consults and pre departure evaluation are a boon to any medical traveller.
Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Hyderabad are the leading medical tourism destinations in India. India is most definitely a medical tourism hub owing to its excellent medical services. Owing to the availability of exceptional medical facilities, the patient care and all round medical care at affordable prices have made India an attraction for tourists. The medical tourism sector in India is on a growth spree reflected well in the various medical tourism destinations, being promoted well by the Government of India in tandem with various private players in the healthcare sector.
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